Liste des pays par taux de détention

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Carte montrant la répartition des taux de détention suivant les pays.

Cette liste des pays par taux de détention est basée sur les données du centre international d'études pénitentiaires[1]. Elle indique le nombre de détenus pour 100 000 habitants. D’autres données peuvent être trouvées auprès de l'UNODC[2].

Pays 1992 2001 2010
0 a 0 0 0
-- Corée du Nord (en) &0000000000000800.000000800 (env.)[3]
1 Etats-Unis &0000000000000501.000000501 &0000000000000685.000000685 &0000000000000730.000000730
2 Russie &0000000000000487.000000487 &0000000000000636.000000636 &0000000000000609.000000609
3 Rwanda &0000000000000595.000000595 (env.)
4 Géorgie &0000000000000152.000000152[4] &0000000000000174.000000174 &0000000000000539.000000539[5]
5 Belize &0000000000000305.000000305 &0000000000000350.000000350 &0000000000000446.000000446
6 Maldives &0000000000000414.000000414[6] &0000000000000436.000000436[7]
7 Kazakhstan &0000000000000358.000000358 &0000000000000590.000000590 &0000000000000401.000000401
8 El Salvador &0000000000000097.00000097 &0000000000000158.000000158 &0000000000000391.000000391
9 Bahamas &0000000000000410.000000410[8] &0000000000000382.000000382
10 Biélorussie &0000000000000327.000000327 &0000000000000554.000000554 &0000000000000381.000000381[9]
11 Panama &0000000000000174.000000174 &0000000000000318.000000318 &0000000000000349.000000349
12 Ukraine &0000000000000241.000000241 &0000000000000443.000000443[10] &0000000000000347.000000347[5]
13 Afrique du Sud &0000000000000285.000000285 &0000000000000386.000000386 &0000000000000331.000000331
14 Thaïlande &0000000000000126.000000126 &0000000000000398.000000398 &0000000000000328.000000328[5]
15 Israël &0000000000000213.000000213 &0000000000000162.000000162[8] &0000000000000319.000000319[9]
16 Lettonie &0000000000000314.000000314 &0000000000000373.000000373 &0000000000000314.000000314
17 Chili &0000000000000154.000000154 &0000000000000216.000000216 &0000000000000313.000000313
18 Tunisie &0000000000000253.000000253[6] &0000000000000263.000000263 (env.)[11] &0000000000000297.000000297[5]
19 Guyana &0000000000000186.000000186 &0000000000000199.000000199 &0000000000000284.000000284
20 Taïwan &0000000000000200.000000200 &0000000000000248.000000248 &0000000000000282.000000282
21 Iran &0000000000000174.000000174 &0000000000000239.000000239 &0000000000000276.000000276
22 Trinité et Tobago &0000000000000274.000000274 &0000000000000370.000000370 &0000000000000276.000000276
23 Mongolie &0000000000000270.000000270[12] &0000000000000296.000000296 &0000000000000269.000000269
24 Botswana &0000000000000344.000000344 &0000000000000267.000000267[9]
25 Estonie &0000000000000306.000000306 &0000000000000353.000000353 &0000000000000265.000000265
26 Costa Rica &0000000000000107.000000107 &0000000000000191.000000191 &0000000000000261.000000261
27 Uruguay &0000000000000100.000000100 &0000000000000154.000000154 &0000000000000261.000000261
28 Lituanie &0000000000000250.000000250 &0000000000000273.000000273 &0000000000000260.000000260
29 Cap-Vert &0000000000000178.000000178[13] &0000000000000253.000000253 (env.)
30 Brésil &0000000000000074.00000074 &0000000000000133.000000133 &0000000000000253.000000253
31 Singapour &0000000000000167.000000167 &0000000000000369.000000369 &0000000000000249.000000249
32 Émirats arabes unis &0000000000000294.000000294[7] &0000000000000238.000000238[14]
33 Azerbaïdjan &0000000000000291.000000291[10] &0000000000000228.000000228[9]
34 Monténégro &0000000000000104.000000104[8] &0000000000000227.000000227
35 Turkménistan &0000000000000489.000000489 (env.)[10] &0000000000000224.000000224[14]
36 Swaziland &0000000000000253.000000253[10] &0000000000000219.000000219[9]
37 République dominicaine &0000000000000145.000000145 &0000000000000177.000000177 &0000000000000213.000000213
38 Pologne &0000000000000161.000000161 &0000000000000208.000000208 &0000000000000211.000000211
39 République tchèque &0000000000000135.000000135 &0000000000000189.000000189 &0000000000000208.000000208
40 Libye &0000000000000173.000000173[11] &0000000000000203.000000203
41 Nouvelle Zélande &0000000000000119.000000119 &0000000000000152.000000152 &0000000000000199.000000199[5]
42 Mexique &0000000000000098.00000098 &0000000000000164.000000164 &0000000000000197.000000197
43 Gabon &0000000000000196.000000196[14]
44 Maroc &0000000000000152.000000152[12] &0000000000000188.000000188[10] &0000000000000189.000000189
45 Namibie &0000000000000188.000000188 &0000000000000263.000000263 &0000000000000186.000000186
46 Slovaquie &0000000000000124.000000124 &0000000000000138.000000138 &0000000000000184.000000184
47 Moldavie &0000000000000276.000000276 &0000000000000277.000000277 &0000000000000183.000000183
48 Kirghizstan &0000000000000218.000000218 &0000000000000369.000000369 &0000000000000183.000000183
49 Maurice &0000000000000078.00000078 &0000000000000165.000000165 &0000000000000182.000000182[9]
50 Colombie &0000000000000078.00000078 &0000000000000121.000000121 &0000000000000181.000000181
51 Surinam &0000000000000308.000000308 &0000000000000382.000000382[15] &0000000000000175.000000175[9]
52 Jamaïque &0000000000000178.000000178 &0000000000000176.000000176[7] &0000000000000174.000000174[16]
53 Turquie &0000000000000054.00000054 &0000000000000081.00000081 &0000000000000164.000000164
54 Serbie &0000000000000037.00000037[12] &0000000000000082.00000082[10] &0000000000000164.000000164
55 Hongrie &0000000000000153.000000153 &0000000000000170.000000170 &0000000000000163.000000163
56 Arabie Saoudite &0000000000000110.000000110[10] &0000000000000160.000000160 (env.)
57 Algérie &0000000000000124.000000124[6] &0000000000000110.000000110 &0000000000000156.000000156[5]
58 Pérou &0000000000000069.00000069 &0000000000000102.000000102 &0000000000000154.000000154
59 Honduras &0000000000000109.000000109 &0000000000000176.000000176[8] &0000000000000154.000000154
60 Ouzbékistan &0000000000000153.000000153 (env.)
61 Royaume-Uni &0000000000000091.00000091 (env.) &0000000000000127.000000127 (env.) &0000000000000153.000000153 (env.)
62 Tonga &0000000000000153.000000153
63 Espagne &0000000000000105.000000105 &0000000000000114.000000114 &0000000000000152.000000152[5]
64 Argentine &0000000000000062.00000062 &0000000000000152.000000152[8] &0000000000000151.000000151[17]
65 Vénézuéla &0000000000000109.000000109[12] &0000000000000076.00000076 &0000000000000149.000000149
66 Albanie &0000000000000097.00000097[18] &0000000000000099.00000099 &0000000000000147.000000147
67 Arménie &0000000000000161.000000161[4] &0000000000000236.000000236[10] &0000000000000146.000000146[5]
68 Malte &0000000000000047.00000047 &0000000000000065.00000065 &0000000000000141.000000141[5]
69 Malaisie &0000000000000112.000000112 &0000000000000120.000000120 &0000000000000138.000000138
70 Koweit &0000000000000146.000000146 &0000000000000137.000000137
71 Éthiopie &0000000000000094.00000094 &0000000000000136.000000136
72 Bahrain &0000000000000056.00000056[12] &0000000000000060.00000060[7] &0000000000000136.000000136
73 Luxembourg &0000000000000089.00000089 &0000000000000080.00000080 &0000000000000136.000000136
74 Bhoutan &0000000000000135.000000135[5]
75 Australie &0000000000000089.00000089 &0000000000000116.000000116 &0000000000000133.000000133
76 Roumanie &0000000000000193.000000193 &0000000000000228.000000228 &0000000000000132.000000132
77 Tadjikistan &0000000000000175.000000175 (env.) &0000000000000130.000000130
78 Sri Lanka &0000000000000052.00000052 &0000000000000091.00000091 &0000000000000129.000000129
79 Fidji &0000000000000108.000000108 &0000000000000134.000000134 &0000000000000128.000000128
80 Zambie &0000000000000113.000000113[10] &0000000000000126.000000126
81 Vietnam[19] &0000000000000056.00000056[6] &0000000000000105.000000105[20] &0000000000000122.000000122
82 Chine[21] &0000000000000109.000000109 &0000000000000112.000000112 &0000000000000122.000000122
83 Liban &0000000000000078.00000078[12] &0000000000000166.000000166[8] &0000000000000121.000000121[9]
84 Zimbabwe &0000000000000191.000000191 &0000000000000156.000000156 &0000000000000121.000000121 (env.)
85 Bulgarie &0000000000000093.00000093 &0000000000000110.000000110 &0000000000000120.000000120[9]
86 Myanmar &0000000000000120.000000120[9]
87 Lesotho &0000000000000136.000000136 &0000000000000141.000000141 &0000000000000120.000000120
88 Kenya &0000000000000115.000000115 &0000000000000120.000000120 &0000000000000120.000000120
89 Cameroun &0000000000000144.000000144[12] &0000000000000129.000000129[8] &0000000000000119.000000119[9]
90 Nicaragua &0000000000000085.00000085 &0000000000000123.000000123 &0000000000000119.000000119[17]
91 Canada &0000000000000123.000000123 &0000000000000117.000000117 &0000000000000117.000000117[17]
92 Macédoine &0000000000000041.00000041 &0000000000000076.00000076 &0000000000000114.000000114
93 Burundi &0000000000000120.000000120[6] &0000000000000136.000000136 &0000000000000114.000000114
94 Italie &0000000000000083.00000083 &0000000000000097.00000097 &0000000000000112.000000112
95 Philippines &0000000000000055.00000055[12] &0000000000000086.00000086 &0000000000000110.000000110[5]
96 Croatie &0000000000000029.00000029 &0000000000000059.00000059 &0000000000000110.000000110
97 Portugal &0000000000000097.00000097 &0000000000000128.000000128 &0000000000000109.000000109
98 Bolivie &0000000000000070.00000070[6] &0000000000000065.00000065 &0000000000000107.000000107[5]
99 Autriche &0000000000000090.00000090 &0000000000000087.00000087 &0000000000000103.000000103
100 France &0000000000000084.00000084 &0000000000000075.00000075 &0000000000000101.000000101[22]
101 Grèce &0000000000000063.00000063 &0000000000000076.00000076 &0000000000000101.000000101
102 Irak &0000000000000060.00000060 (env.)[11] &0000000000000101.000000101
103 Cambodge &0000000000000022.00000022[18] &0000000000000049.00000049 &0000000000000099.00000099
104 Belgique &0000000000000071.00000071 &0000000000000085.00000085 &0000000000000097.00000097
105 Paraguay &0000000000000057.00000057[18] &0000000000000075.00000075 &0000000000000097.00000097[9]
106 Irlande &0000000000000061.00000061 &0000000000000080.00000080 &0000000000000096.00000096
107 Jordanie &0000000000000074.00000074[12] &0000000000000109.000000109 &0000000000000095.00000095[5]
108 Corée du Sud &0000000000000126.000000126 &0000000000000133.000000133 &0000000000000094.00000094
109 Brunei &0000000000000066.00000066[12] &0000000000000130.000000130[8] &0000000000000093.00000093
110 Madagascar &0000000000000154.000000154 &0000000000000125.000000125 &0000000000000093.00000093
111 Ouganda &0000000000000095.00000095[12] &0000000000000084.00000084 (env.) &0000000000000092.00000092[5]
112 Pays-Bas &0000000000000049.00000049 &0000000000000095.00000095 &0000000000000092.00000092
113 Allemagne &0000000000000071.00000071 &0000000000000098.00000098 &0000000000000088.00000088
114 Angola &0000000000000037.00000037[8] &0000000000000087.00000087[9]
115 Équateur &0000000000000074.00000074 &0000000000000063.00000063 &0000000000000086.00000086
116 Tanzanie &0000000000000120.000000120[8] &0000000000000085.00000085[5]
117 Chypre &0000000000000036.00000036 &0000000000000052.00000052 &0000000000000082.00000082
118 Égypte &0000000000000062.00000062 &0000000000000081.00000081 &0000000000000081.00000081[14]
119 Suisse &0000000000000079.00000079 &0000000000000071.00000071 &0000000000000079.00000079
120 Suède &0000000000000063.00000063 &0000000000000068.00000068 &0000000000000078.00000078
121 Guatémala &0000000000000059.00000059 &0000000000000063.00000063 &0000000000000077.00000077
122 Bénin &0000000000000081.00000081[10] &0000000000000075.00000075
123 Bosnie-Herzégovine &0000000000000053.00000053 (env.) &0000000000000074.00000074 (env.)
124 Malawi &0000000000000047.00000047[12] &0000000000000064.00000064 &0000000000000073.00000073
125 Norvège &0000000000000058.00000058 &0000000000000061.00000061 &0000000000000072.00000072
126 Danemark &0000000000000070.00000070 &0000000000000060.00000060 &0000000000000071.00000071
127 Laos &0000000000000069.00000069[11]
128 Djibouti &0000000000000115.000000115[4] &0000000000000093.00000093[13] &0000000000000068.00000068 (env.)
129 Mozambique &0000000000000049.00000049[13] &0000000000000067.00000067[5]
130 Kossovo &0000000000000054.00000054[8] &0000000000000066.00000066 (env.)
131 Slovénie &0000000000000045.00000045 &0000000000000055.00000055 &0000000000000063.00000063
132 Afghanistan &0000000000000062.00000062
133 Oman &0000000000000061.00000061[8]
134 Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée &0000000000000087.00000087[12] &0000000000000067.00000067 &0000000000000061.00000061
135 Finlande &0000000000000070.00000070 &0000000000000060.00000060 &0000000000000061.00000061
136 Sénégal &0000000000000047.00000047[4] &0000000000000050.00000050[10] &0000000000000060.00000060[9]
137 Togo &0000000000000065.00000065[7] &0000000000000059.00000059
138 Japon &0000000000000036.00000036 &0000000000000051.00000051 &0000000000000058.00000058
139 Syrie &0000000000000093.00000093[23] &0000000000000058.00000058[11]
140 Congo (Kinshasa) &0000000000000057.00000057 (env.)[11]
141 Côte d'Ivoire &0000000000000090.00000090[12] &0000000000000062.00000062[8] &0000000000000056.00000056[17]
142 Ghana &0000000000000045.00000045[18] &0000000000000053.00000053 &0000000000000056.00000056
143 Haïti &0000000000000021.00000021[18] &0000000000000041.00000041 &0000000000000055.00000055
144 Islande &0000000000000039.00000039 &0000000000000039.00000039 &0000000000000052.00000052
145 Indonésie &0000000000000022.00000022 &0000000000000028.00000028 &0000000000000051.00000051
146 Mauritanie &0000000000000052.00000052 &0000000000000050.00000050
147 Yémen &0000000000000048.00000048[9]
148 Gambie &0000000000000032.00000032[8] &0000000000000045.00000045[9]
149 Soudan &0000000000000035.00000035 &0000000000000039.00000039[8] &0000000000000045.00000045
150 Niger &0000000000000052.00000052 (env.)[8] &0000000000000043.00000043 (env.)
151 Bangladesh &0000000000000034.00000034[12] &0000000000000052.00000052[8] &0000000000000042.00000042
152 Népal &0000000000000029.00000029[4] &0000000000000028.00000028[8] &0000000000000042.00000042[5]
153 Qatar &0000000000000104.000000104[12] &0000000000000076.00000076[8] &0000000000000041.00000041[17]
154 Pakistan &0000000000000056.00000056[12] &0000000000000058.00000058 (env.)[8] &0000000000000040.00000040
155 Sierra Leone &0000000000000027.00000027 (env.)[11] &0000000000000039.00000039
156 Libéria &0000000000000037.00000037
157 Tchad &0000000000000042.00000042[6] &0000000000000046.00000046 (env.)[8] &0000000000000034.00000034
158 Mali &0000000000000041.00000041[18] &0000000000000034.00000034[8] &0000000000000032.00000032[5]
159 Burkina Faso &0000000000000015.00000015[18] &0000000000000021.00000021 &0000000000000031.00000031
160 Inde &0000000000000029.00000029 &0000000000000031.00000031[9]
161 Nigéria &0000000000000046.00000046 &0000000000000031.00000031[8] &0000000000000030.00000030
162 République centrafricaine &0000000000000029.00000029
163 Guinée &0000000000000055.00000055[6] &0000000000000037.00000037[8] &0000000000000028.00000028[17]
164 Congo (Brazzaville) &0000000000000038.00000038[12] &0000000000000044.00000044[20] &0000000000000026.00000026 (env.)
165 Timor oriental &0000000000000020.00000020[9]
166 Comores &0000000000000030.00000030 (env.)[15] &0000000000000019.00000019 (env.)
Somalie

Notes et références[modifier | modifier le code]

  1. Centre international d'études pénitentiaires : Entire world - Prison Population Rates per 100,000 of the national population. Highest to Lowest Rates
  2. Persons Detained Statistiques sur les personnes détenues fournies par l'UNODC
  3. Près de 200 000 personnes sur une population de 25 millions d'habitants. (en) Blaine Harden, « N. Korea's Hard-Labor Camps: On the Diplomatic Back Burner », The Washington Post,‎ July 20, 2009 (lire en ligne). C'est le seul pays pour lequel les données ne proviennent pas du CIEP.
  4. a, b, c, d et e Données de 1994.
  5. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q et r Données de 2011.
  6. a, b, c, d, e, f, g et h Données de 1996.
  7. a, b, c, d et e Données de 2003.
  8. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w et x Données de 2002.
  9. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q et r Données de 2009.
  10. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j et k Données de 2000.
  11. a, b, c, d, e, f et g Données de 2004.
  12. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q et r Données de 1993.
  13. a, b et c Données de 1999.
  14. a, b, c et d Données de 2006.
  15. a et b Données de 1998.
  16. Données de 2007.
  17. a, b, c, d, e et f Données de 2008.
  18. a, b, c, d, e, f et g Données de 1995.
  19. Ce chiffre ne prend pas en compte les prisonniers en attente de jugement.
  20. a et b Données de 2005.
  21. Ce chiffre ne prend pas en compte les prisonniers en attente de jugement. Estimés à 650 000, le taux de détention de 2010 serait alors de 170.
  22. France métropolitaine seulement.
  23. Données de 1997.

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