Prix de physique fondamentale

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Prix de physique fondamentale
Nom original Fundamental Physics Prize
Description Prix récompensant une contribution majeure en physique fondamentale
Organisateur Fundamental Physics Prize Foundation
Pays International
Date de création Juillet 2012
Site officiel fundamentalphysicsprize.org

Le prix de physique fondamentale est attribué par la Fondation du Prix de physique fondamentale (Fundamental Physics Prize Foundation), une organisation à but non lucratif fondée en juillet 2012 par le multimilliardaire russe Yuri Milner[1].

Chaque prix est doté de trois millions de dollars américains[2]. En juillet 2012, c’est la plus forte somme monétaire attribuée pour récompenser un prix académique[3].

Un prix pour des jeunes chercheurs, le prix des nouveaux horizons en physique, a aussi été lancé[2].

Lauréats[modifier | modifier le code]

Liste des lauréats du Prix de physique fondamentale[4] :

Année Fundamental Physics
Prize Laureates[5]
Awarded for[5] Alma mater Institutional affiliation when prize awarded[5]
2012 Nima Arkani-Hamed Original approaches to outstanding problems in particle physics University of Toronto,
University of California, Berkeley
Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
2012 Alan Guth Invention of inflationary cosmology, and for contributions to the theory for the generation of cosmological density fluctuations arising from quantum fluctuations Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge
2012 Alexei Kitaev For robust quantum memories and fault-tolerant quantum computation using topological quantum phases with anyons and unpaired Majorana modes. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA Currently at KITP and UCSB, Santa Barbara
2012 Maxim Kontsevich Numerous contributions including development of homological mirror symmetry, and the study of wall-crossing phenomena. University of Bonn
Moscow State University
Institut des hautes études scientifiques, Bures-sur-Yvette
2012 Andrei Linde[6] For development of inflationary cosmology, including the theory of new inflation, eternal chaotic inflation and the theory of inflationary multiverse, and for contributing to the development of vacuum stabilization mechanisms in string theory. Moscow State University Stanford University, Stanford
2012 Juan Maldacena Contributions to gauge/gravity duality, relating gravitational physics in a spacetime and quantum field theory on the boundary of the spacetime Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Princeton University Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
2012 Nathan Seiberg Contributions to our understanding of quantum field theory and string theory. Weizmann Institute of Science, Tel-Aviv University Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
2012 Ashoke Sen Opening the path to the realization that all string theories are different limits of the same underlying theory. Presidency College, Kolkata
University of Calcutta
IIT Kanpur
Stony Brook University
Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad
2012 Edward Witten For applications of topology to physics, non-perturbative duality symmetries, models of particle physics derived from string theory, dark matter detection, and the twistor-string approach to particle scattering amplitudes, as well as numerous applications of quantum field theory to mathematics. Brandeis University (B.A.) University of Wisconsin, Madison
Princeton University (PhD)
Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
2012 (spécial) Stephen Hawking For his discovery of Hawking radiation from black holes, and his deep contributions to quantum gravity and quantum aspects of the early universe.[7]
2012 (spécial) Peter Jenni, Fabiola Gianotti (ATLAS), Michel Della Negra, Tejinder Singh Virdee, Guido Tonelli, Joe Incandela (CMS) and Lyn Evans (LHC) For their leadership role in the scientific endeavour that led to the discovery of the new Higgs-like particle by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at CERN's Large Hadron Collider.[7]
2013 Alexander Markovich Polyakov For his many discoveries in field theory and string theory including the conformal bootstrap, magnetic monopoles, instantons, confinement/de-confinement, the quantization of strings in non-critical dimensions, gauge/string duality and many others. His ideas have dominated the scene in these fields during the past decades. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology Princeton University, Princeton
2014 Michael Green and John Henry Schwarz For opening new perspectives on quantum gravity and the unification of forces. Harvard University, University of California, Berkeley and Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK California Institute of Technology and Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
2015 Saul Perlmutter and members of the Supernova Cosmology Project; Brian P. Schmidt, Adam Riess and members of the High-Z Supernova Team. For the most unexpected discovery that the expansion of the universe is accelerating, rather than slowing as had been long assumed. University of California, Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Australian National University;Johns Hopkins University and Space Telescope Science Institute

Notes et références[modifier | modifier le code]

  1. (en) À propos du Prix de physique fondamentale (page consultée le 23 mars 2013).
  2. a et b Olivier Dessibourg, « Le magnat russe qui veut héroïser la science », Le Temps, numéro 4562, samedi 23 mars 2013, page 10.
  3. (en) Kenneth Chang, « 9 Scientists Receive a New Physics Prize », www.nytimes.com, 31 juillet 2012 (page consultée le 23 mars 2013).
  4. (en) Lauréats du prix de physique fondamentale (page consultée le 23 mars 2013).
  5. a, b et c « Fundamental Physics Prize - About », Fundamental Physics Prize (consulté le 4 août 2012)
  6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ndsb4PJSqKc
  7. a et b « Fundamental Physics Prize - News », Fundamental Physics Prize (consulté le 11 décembre 2012)

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