Dixie (chanson)

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Page d'aide sur l'homonymie Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dixie.
Partition datant des années 1900 montrant quatre hommes au visage maquillé en noir (en anglais « Four Men in Blackface ») chantant la chanson

Dixie, aussi connue sous les appellations I Wish I Was in Dixie ou Dixie's Land, est une chanson populaire américaine. Elle fut à l'origine composée par un chanteur de l'Ohio, Daniel Decatur Emmett, sous le nom de Dixie's Land et fut d'abord éditée par Phillip Werlein à La Nouvelle-Orléans en 1859. Le mot Dixie est le surnom donné au Sud des États-Unis.

Cet air devient très populaire sous le nom de Dixie et est rapidement identifié à l'image nostalgique et à l'idéologie des États du Sud. Il fut l'hymne officieux des soldats confédérés (sudistes), le contrepoint de The Battle Hymn of the Republic des soldats du Nord lors de la Guerre de Sécession.

Le chœur et le premier vers sont encore bien connus d'une grande partie du Sud des États-Unis. On entend très rarement les vers additionnels.

Paroles[modifier | modifier le code]

Fichier audio
Interprétation de 1916 de Dixie par le Metropolitan Mixed Chorus, avec Donald Chalmers, Ada Jones, et Billy Murray (info)

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Partition de "Dixie", page 1/2
Partition de "Dixie", page 2/2

I wish I was in the land of cotton,
Old times there are not forgotten;
Look away! Look away! Look away, Dixie's Land!
In Dixie's Land where I was born in,
Early on one frosty morning,
Look away! Look away! Look away, Dixie's Land!

(Refrain)
Then I wish I was in Dixie! Hooray! Hooray!
In Dixie's Land I'll take my stand, to live and die in Dixie!
Away! Away! Away down South in Dixie!
Away! Away! Away down South in Dixie!

Old Missus married "Will the Weaver";
William was a gay deceiver!
Look away! Look away! Look away, Dixie's Land!
But when he put his arm around her,
Smiled as fierce as a forty-pounder!
Look away! Look away! Look away, Dixie's Land!

Refrain
His face was sharp as a butcher's cleaver;
But that did not seem to grieve her!
Look away! Look away! Look away, Dixie's Land!
Old Missus acted the foolish part
And died for a man that broke her heart!
Look away! Look away! Look away, Dixie's Land!

Refrain
Now here's a health to the next old missus
And all the gals that want to kiss us!
Look away! Look away! Look away, Dixie's Land!
But if you want to drive away sorrow,
Come and hear this song tomorrow!
Look away! Look away! Look away, Dixie's Land!

Refrain
There's buckwheat cakes and Injin batter,
Makes you fat or a little fatter!
Look away! Look away! Look away, Dixie's Land!
Then hoe it down and scratch your gravel,
To Dixie's Land I'm bound to travel!
Look away! Look away! Look away, Dixie's Land!

Refrain

Une autre version des paroles, beaucoup plus guerrière, fut proposé en avril 1861 par Albert B. Pikes mais ne resta pas dans la mémoire populaire:

Southrons, hear your country call you!
Up, lest worse than death befall you!
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!
Lo! all the beacon fires are lighted
Let all hearts be now united!
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!

(Refrain:)
Advance the flag of Dixie!
Hurrah! Hurrah!
For Dixie's Land we take our stand,
And live or die for Dixie!
To arms! To arms! And conquer peace for Dixie!

Hear the Northern thunders mutter!
Northern flags in South winds flutter!
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!
Send them back your fierce defiance!
Stamp upon the cursed alliance!
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!

Refrain
Fear no danger! Shun no labor!
Lift up rifle, pike, and sabre!
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!
Shoulder pressing close to shoulder,
Let the odds make each heart bolder!
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!

Refrain
How the South's great heart rejoices
At your cannon's ringing voices!
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!
For faith betrayed and pledges broken,
Wrongs inflicted, insults spoken,
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!

Refrain
Strong as lions, swift as eagles,
Back to their kennels hunt these beagles!
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!
Cut the unequal bond asunder!
Let them hence each other plunder!
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!

Refrain
Swear upon your country's altar
Never to submit or falter!
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!
Till the spoilers are defeated,
Till the Lord's work is completed,
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!

Refrain
Halt not till our Federation
Secures among earth's powers its station!
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!
Then at peace, and crowned with glory,
Hear your children tell the story!
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!

Refrain
If the loved ones weep in sadness,
Victory soon shall bring them gladness.
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!
Exultant pride soon banish sorrow;
Smiles chase tears away tomorrow.
To arms! To arms! To arms! In Dixie!

Refrain

Lien externe[modifier | modifier le code]