Liste des volcans du Japon

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Cet article recense les volcans du Japon.

Groupes géographiques[modifier | modifier le code]

Hokkaidō[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom Forme Altitude Dernière éruption Île Coordonnées
Akan Caldeira +01 499, 2006 Hokkaidō 43° 23′ N, 144° 01′ E
Asahidake Stratovolcans +02 290, 1739 Hokkaidō 43° 40′ N, 142° 51′ E
E (volcan) Stratovolcan +00618, 1874 Hokkaidō 41° 48′ N, 141° 10′ E
Hokkaidō Komagatake Stratovolcan +01 131, 2000 Hokkaidō 42° 04′ N, 140° 41′ E
Stratovolcan +01 563,  ? Hokkaidō 44° 08′ N, 145° 10′ E
Kutcharo Caldeira +00999,  ? Hokkaidō 43° 36′ N, 144° 27′ E
Kuttara Stratovolcans +00581,  ? Hokkaidō 42° 29′ N, 141° 10′ E
Mashū Caldeira +00855,  ? Hokkaidō 43° 34′ N, 144° 34′ E
Nipesotsu-Maruyama Stratovolcans +02 013, 1899 Hokkaidō 43° 27′ N, 143° 02′ E
Niseko Stratovolcans +01 154, -4050 Hokkaidō 42° 53′ N, 140° 38′ E
Oshima-Oshima Stratovolcan +00737,  ? Oshima-Oshima 41° 30′ N, 139° 22′ E
Mont Rausu Stratovolcan +01 660, 1880 Hokkaidō 44° 04′ N, 145° 08′ E
Rishiri Stratovolcan +01 721, -5830 Rhishiri 45° 11′ N, 141° 15′ E
Shikaribetsu Dômes de lave +01 401, Holocène Hokkaidō 43° 19′ N, 143° 06′ E
Shikotsu Caldeira 05 000, 1981 Hokkaidō 42° 48′ N, 141° 21′ E
Tokachi Stratovolcans +02 077, 1989 Hokkaidō 43° 25′ N, 142° 41′ E
Usu Stratovolcan +00737, 2001 Hokkaidō 42° 32′ N, 140° 51′ E
Yōtei Stratovolcan +01 898, Holocène Hokkaidō 42° 50′ N, 140° 49′ E

Honshū[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom Forme Altitude Dernière éruption Île Coordonnées
Abu Volcans boucliers +00641,  ? Honshū 34° 30′ N, 131° 36′ E
Mont Adatara Stratovolcans +01 718, 1990 Honshū 37° 39′ N, 140° 17′ E
Akagi Stratovolcan +01 828,  ? Honshū 36° 33′ N, 139° 12′ E
Mont Akita-Komagatake Stratovolcans +01 637, 1971 Honshū 39° 45′ N, 140° 48′ E
Mont Akita-Yake-Yama Stratovolcan +01 366, 1997 Honshū 39° 58′ N, 140° 46′ E
Asama Volcan complexe +02 568, 2009 Honshū 36° 24′ N, 138° 32′ E
Monts Azuma Stratovolcans +02 035, 1977 Honshū 37° 44′ N, 140° 15′ E
Mont Bandai Stratovolcan +01 819, 1888 Honshū 37° 36′ N, 140° 05′ E
Mont Chōkai Stratovolcans +02 233, 1974 Honshū 39° 06′ N, 140° 03′ E
Fuji Stratovolcan +03 776, 1707 Honshū 35° 21′ N, 138° 44′ E
Hachimantai Volcan bouclier +01 614,  ? Honshū 39° 57′ N, 140° 51′ E
Hakkōda Stratovolcans +01 585, 1997 Honshū 40° 39′ N, 140° 53′ E
Hakone Caldeira +01 438, 1170 ± 100 ans Honshū 35° 14′ N, 139° 01′ E
Mont Haku Stratovolcan +02 702, 1659 Honshū 36° 09′ N, 136° 46′ E
Mont Haruna Stratovolcan +01 730, -550 ± 10 ans Honshū 36° 28′ N, 138° 51′ E
Mont Hijiori Caldeira +00516, -8300 ± 1000 ans Honshū 38° 36′ N, 140° 11′ E
Mont Hiuchi Stratovolcan +02 356, 1544 Honshū 36° 57′ N, 139° 17′ E
Mont Iwaki Stratovolcan +01 625, 1863 Honshū 40° 39′ N, 140° 18′ E
Mont Iwate Volcan complexe +02 041, 1919 Honshū 39° 51′ N, 141° 00′ E
Izu-Tobu Cônes pyroclastiques +01 406, 1989 Honshū 34° 54′ N, 139° 06′ E
Tateshina Stratovolcans +02 530,  ? Honshū 36° 06′ N, 138° 18′ E
Mont Kurikoma Stratovolcan +01 628, 1950 Honshū 38° 57′ N, 140° 48′ E
Mont Kusatsu-Shirane Stratovolcans +02 171, 1989 Honshū 36° 37′ N, 138° 32′ E
Megata Maars +00291, -2050 Honshū 39° 57′ N, 139° 44′ E
Mont Myōkō Stratovolcan +02 446, -2360 ± 150 ans Honshū 36° 53′ N, 138° 07′ E
Nantai Stratovolcan +02 486,  ? Honshū 36° 46′ N, 139° 30′ E
Mont Narugo Caldeira +00470, 837 Honshū 38° 44′ N, 140° 44′ E
Mont Nasu Stratovolcans +01 915, 1963 Honshū 37° 07′ N, 139° 58′ E
Niigatayake Dôme de lave +02 400, 1998 Honshū 36° 55′ N, 138° 02′ E
Mont Nikkō-Shirane Volcan bouclier +02 578, 1890 Honshū 36° 48′ N, 139° 23′ E
Mont Norikura Stratovolcans +03 026, -6870 ± 500 ans Honshū 36° 06′ N, 137° 33′ E
Numazawa Volcan bouclier +01 100, -2980 ± 150 ans Honshū 37° 27′ N, 139° 35′ E
Oki-Dōgo Volcan bouclier +00151,  ? Dōgo 36° 11′ N, 133° 20′ E
Mont Omanago Dômes de lave +02 367,  ? Honshū 36° 48′ N, 139° 31′ E
Ontake Volcan complexe +03 063, 2014 Honshū 35° 53′ N, 137° 29′ E
Mont Osore Stratovolcan +00879, 1787 Honshū 41° 17′ N, 141° 07′ E
Sanbe Stratovolcan +01 126, -1760 ± 150 ans Honshū 35° 08′ N, 132° 37′ E
Shiga Volcans boucliers +02 041,  ? Honshū 36° 41′ N, 138° 31′ E
Mont Takahara Stratovolcan +01 511, -4570 Honshū 36° 54′ N, 139° 47′ E
Tate Stratovolcan +02 621, 1858 Honshū 36° 34′ N, 137° 36′ E
Towada Caldeira +01 159, 915 Honshū 40° 28′ N, 140° 55′ E
Washiba-Kumonotaira Volcans boucliers +02 924, -4000 Honshū 36° 24′ N, 137° 36′ E
Mont Yake Stratovolcans +02 455, 1995 Honshū 36° 13′ N, 137° 35′ E
Zaō Volcan complexe +01 841, 1940 Honshū 38° 08′ N, 140° 27′ E

Archipel d'Izu[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom Forme Altitude Dernière éruption Île Coordonnées
Aogashima Stratovolcan +00423, 1785 Aogashima 32° 27′ N, 139° 46′ E
Bayonnaise Volcan sous-marin +00011, 1970 - 31° 53′ N, 139° 55′ E
Doyo Volcan sous-marin 00860,  ? - 27° 41′ N, 140° 48′ E
Hachijōjima Stratovolcans +00854, 1707 Hachijōjima 33° 08′ N, 139° 46′ E
Izu Ōshima Stratovolcan +00764, 1790 Izu Ōshima 34° 43′ N, 139° 24′ E
Kōzushima Dômes de lave +00572, 838 Kōzushima 34° 13′ N, 139° 09′ E
Kurose Volcan sous-marin 00107,  ? - 33° 24′ N, 139° 41′ E
Mikurajima Stratovolcan +00851, -3450 Mikurajima 33° 52′ N, 139° 36′ E
Miyakejima Stratovolcan +00815, 2005 Miyakejima 34° 05′ N, 139° 32′ E
Mokuyo Volcan sous-marin 00920,  ? - 28° 19′ N, 140° 34′ E
Myojin Volcan sous-marin +00360,  ? - 32° 06′ N, 139° 51′ E
Niijima Dômes de lave +00432, 886 Niijima 34° 24′ N, 139° 16′ E
Smith Rock Volcan sous-marin +00136,  ? - 31° 26′ N, 140° 03′ E
Sofugan Stratovolcan +00099,  ? Sofugan 29° 47′ N, 140° 21′ E
Suiyo Volcan sous-marin 01 418,  ? - 28° 36′ N, 140° 38′ E
Torishima Stratovolcan +00394, 2002 Torishima 30° 29′ N, 140° 18′ E
Toshima Stratovolcan +00508, -4050 Toshima 34° 31′ N, 139° 17′ E

Kyūshū[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom Forme Altitude Dernière éruption Île Coordonnées
Aso Caldeira +01 592, 2016 Kyūshū 32° 53′ N, 131° 06′ E
Fukue-jima Volcans boucliers +00317, -550 Fukue-jima 32° 39′ N, 128° 51′ E
Ibusuki Caldeiras +00922, 885 Kyūshū 31° 13′ N, 130° 34′ E
Monts Kirishima Cônes et cratères volcaniques +01 700, 1992 Kyūshū 31° 56′ N, 130° 52′ E
Kujū Stratovolcans +01 791, 1996 Kyūshū 33° 05′ N, 131° 15′ E
Sakura-jima Stratovolcan +01 117, 2016 Kyūshū 31° 35′ N, 130° 39′ E
Sumiyoshi-ike Maars +00015, -4550 Kyūshū 31° 46′ N, 130° 36′ E
Mont Tsurumi Dôme de lave +01 374, 867 Kyūshū 33° 17′ N, 131° 26′ E
Mont Unzen Volcan complexe +01 500, 1996 Kyūshū 32° 45′ N, 130° 18′ E
Mont Yufu Dôme de lave +01 584, -200 Kyūshū 33° 16′ 55″ N, 131° 23′ 24″ E

Îles Ryūkyū[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom Forme Altitude Dernière éruption Île Coordonnées
Akuseki-jima Stratovolcans +00584,  ? Akuseki-jima 29° 28′ N, 129° 36′ E
Iriomote Volcan sous-marin 00200, 1924 - 24° 33′ N, 124° 00′ E
Iōtori-shima Volcan complexe +00212, 1968 Iōtori-shima 27° 53′ N, 128° 13′ E
Kikai Caldeira +00704, 2004 Iōjima 30° 47′ N, 130° 18′ E
Kogaja-jima Dômes de lave +00301,  ? Kogaja-jima 29° 53′ N, 129° 38′ E
Kuchinoerabu-jima Stratovolcans +00657, 1999 Kuchinoerabu-jima 30° 26′ N, 130° 13′ E
Kuchin-shima Stratovolcans +00628,  ? Kuchin-shima 29° 58′ N, 129° 56′ E
Otake Stratovolcans +00979, 1949 Nakanoshima 29° 51′ N, 129° 52′ E
Suwanose-jima Stratovolcans +00799, 2007 Suwanose-jima 29° 38′ N, 129° 43′ E
Yokoate-jima Stratovolcans +00495, -1835 ± 30 ans Yokoate-jima 28° 48′ N, 128° 59′ E

Autres[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom Forme Altitude Dernière éruption Île Coordonnées
Daikoku Volcan sous-marin 00323,  ? - 21° 19′ N, 144° 12′ E
Fukujin Volcan sous-marin 00217, 1974 - 21° 56′ N, 143° 28′ E
Fukutoku-Okanoba Volcan sous-marin 00014, 2005 - 24° 17′ N, 141° 29′ E
Iwo-jima Caldeira +00161, 1997 Iwo Jima 24° 45′ N, 141° 17′ E
Kaikata Volcan sous-marin 00162,  ? - 26° 40′ N, 141° 00′ E
Kaitoku Volcan sous-marin 00103, 1984 - 26° 07′ N, 141° 06′ E
Kasuga Volcan sous-marin +00200, 1959 - 21° 45′ N, 143° 43′ E
Kita-Fukutokutai Volcan sous-marin 00073, 1954 - 24° 25′ N, 141° 25′ E
Kita-Iwo-jima Stratovolcan +00792, 1953 Kita-Iwo-jima 25° 25′ N, 141° 17′ E
Minami Kasuga Volcan sous-marin 00274,  ? - 21° 36′ N, 143° 38′ E
Minami-Hiyoshi Volcan sous-marin 00030, 1975 - 23° 30′ N, 141° 56′ E
Nikko Volcan sous-marin 00391,  ? - 23° 04′ N, 142° 18′ E
Nishino-shima Caldeira +00038, 1974 Nishinoshima 27° 16′ N, 140° 53′ E

Voir aussi[modifier | modifier le code]

Articles connexes[modifier | modifier le code]

Liens externes[modifier | modifier le code]