Egberto Gismonti

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Egberto Gismonti

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Egberto Gismonti, Buenos Aires 1980

Informations générales
Naissance 5 décembre 1947 (67 ans)
Carmo,État de Rio de Janeiro
Drapeau du Brésil Brésil
Genre musical Jazz, musiques du monde, musique classique
Instruments guitare, piano
Labels ECM

Egberto Gismonti (né en 1947 à Carmo, RJ, Brésil) est un compositeur, guitariste et pianiste brésilien.

Il commença ses études en musique à l'âge de six ans au piano. Après avoir étudié la musique classique pendant 15 ans, il alla à Paris pour étudier avec Nadia Boulanger (orchestration et analyse), et le compositeur Jean Barraqué, un disciple d'Arnold Schoenberg et d'Anton Webern.

Après son retour au Brésil, Gismonti découvrit des horizons plus larges que ceux du monde classique de la musique. Il était attiré par les idées d'orchestration et d'accords complexes de Maurice Ravel, ainsi que le choro, une musique instrumentale brésilienne populaire où divers types de guitares interviennent. Pour jouer cette musique, il passa du piano à la guitare, commençant sur l'instrument à 6 cordes et en passant à la 8 cordes en 1973. Il passa deux ans à expérimenter différentes sortes d'accord et cherchant des sons nouveaux, ce qui se reflète dans son utilisation de flûtes, de kalimbas, du shō, de la voix, des cloches, etc.

En 1976, il compose la musique du film Raoni.

Au début des années 1970, il avait posé les bases de sa conception actuelle et écoutait des musiciens aussi variés que Leo Brouwer et Jimi Hendrix. Pour lui, les accomplissements de Jimi Hendrix étaient la preuve que les mots "populaire" et "sérieux" n'étaient pas des antipodes: 'Il n'y a pas de différence entre les deux styles de musique….

Dans les années 1980, il collabora de nombreuses fois avec Naná Vasconcelos, et de nombreux musiciens européens, notamment Jan Garbarek, enregistrant pour le label de jazz ECM.

Œuvre[modifier | modifier le code]

Albums:

  • Egberto Gismonti - 1969 - Brazil
  • Sonho 70 - 1970 - Brazil
  • Janela De Ouro - 1970 - France
  • Computador - 1970 - France
  • Orfeo Novo - 1971 - Germany
  • Água & Vinho - 1972 - Brazil
  • Egberto Gismonti - 1973 - Brazil
  • Academia De Danças - 1974 - Brazil
  • Egberto Gismonti, Nana Vasconcelos, Hermeto Pascoal, Palle danielson & Daniel Humair - Live In *Berlin - 1975 - Germany
  • Coraçoes Futuristas - 1976 - Brazil
  • Dança Das Cabeças - 1976 - Germany
  • Carmo - 1977 - Brazil
  • Sol Do Meio Dia - 1978 - Germany
  • No Caipira - 1978 - Brazil
  • Solo - 1979 - Germany
  • E. Gismonti & N. Vasconcelos & M. Smetak - 1979 - Brazil
  • Magico - with Charlie Haden and Jan Garbarek - 1980 - Germany
  • Circense - 1980 - Brazil
  • Folk Songs - with Charlie Haden and Jan Garbarek - 1981 - Germany
  • Em Famiglia - 1981 - Brazil
  • Sanfona - 1981 - Germany
  • Fantasia - 1982 - Brazil
  • Guitar From ECM - 1982 - France
  • Sonhos De Castro Alves - 1982 - Brazil
  • Cidade Coraçao - 1983 - Brazil
  • Egberto Gismondi & Hermeto Paschoal - 1983 - Brazil
  • Works - 1984 - Germany
  • Egberto Gismonti - 1984 - Brazil
  • Duaz Vozes - 1985 - Germany
  • Trem Caipira - 1985 - Brazil
  • Alma - 1986 - Brazil
  • Feixe De Luz - 1988 - Brazil
  • Pagador De Promessas - 1988 - Brazil
  • Dança Dos Escravos - 1989 - Germany
  • Kuarup - 1989 - film music score - Brazil
  • Duo Gismonti/Vasconcelos - 1989 - live recording - East Germany
  • Infância - 1990 - West Germany
  • Poetic Anthology of Joao Cabral De Mello E Neto - 1979 - Brazil
  • Poetic Anthology of Ferreira Gullar - 1979 - Brazil
  • Poetic Anthology of Jorge Amado - 1980 - Brazil
  • Children’s Music - A Viagem Do Vaporzinho Tereré- with Dulce Bressante - 1980 - Brazil
  • Children’s Music - O Pais Das Aguas Luminosas - 1980 - Brazil
  • Children’s Music - O Girigivel Tereré- with Francis Hime - 1980 - Brazil
  • Amazônia - 1991 - film music score - Brazil
  • El Viaje - 1992 - film music score - France
  • Casa Das Andorinhas - 1992 - Brazil
  • Musica De Sobrevivéncia - 1993 - Germany
  • Egberto Gismonti - 1993 - Live at the 87 Festival in Freiburg Proscenium - CDV - Germany
  • Egberto Gismonti - 1993 - Live at 93 São Paulo -Tom Brazil - Brazil
  • Zigzag - 1996 (ECM)
  • Meeting Point - 1997 (ECM)
  • In Montreal - 2001 (ECM) with Charlie Haden
  • Saudações - 2009 (ECM) with Alexandre Gismonti
  • Magico: Carta de Amor - 2012 (ECM) Live archive from 1981 with Haden & Garbarek

Albums en tant que producteur et/ou arrangeur:

  • Dulce - O Samba Do Escritor - 1968 - Brazil
  • Maysa - 1969 - Brazil
  • Agostinho Dos Santos - 1969 - Brazil
  • Marie Laforet - 1970 - France
  • Johnny Alf - Nos - 1973 - Brazil
  • Airto Moreira - Identity - 1975 - USA
  • A Barca Do Sol - 1975 - Brazil
  • Flora Purim - Open Your Eyes, You Can Fly - 1975 - Brazil
  • Paul Horn - Altura Do Sol (High Sun) - 1976 - USA
  • Wanderléa - Vamos Que Eu Ja Vou - 1977 - Brazil
  • Marlui Miranda - Olho D’Agua - 1979 - Brazil
  • Nana Vasconcelos - Saudades - 1979 - Germany
  • A Cor Do Som - Intuição - 1984 - Brazil
  • Bernard Wystraete - Intromission - 1985 - France

Productions et/ou Performances comme musicien chez Carmo/LPs released au Bresil:

  • Andre Geraissati - Entre Duas Palavras - 1983
  • Nando Carneiro - Violão - 1983
  • Luiz Eça - Luiz Eça - 1984
  • Robertinho Silva - Bateria - 1984
  • Piry Reis - Caminho Do Interior - 1984
  • Aleuda - Oferenda - 1984
  • Antonio José - Un Mito Uma Coruja Branca - 1984
  • Carioca - Sete Dias, Sete Instrumentos, Musica - 1984
  • Grupo Papavento - Aurora Dorica Para O Embaixador De Jupiter - 1984
  • Artistas Carmenses - Carmo Ano 1 - 1985
  • Luigi Irlandini - Azul E Areira - 1985
  • Mu - Meu Continente Encontrado - 1985
  • William Senna - O Homen Do Madeiro - 1985
  • Nando Carneiro - Mantra Brasil - 1986
  • Luiz Eça, Robertinho Silva and Luiz Alves - Triângulo - 1986
  • Marco Bosco - Fragmentos Da Casa - 1986
  • Piry Reis - Rio Zero Grau - 1986
  • Fernando Falçao - Barracas Barrocas - 1987

Productions et/ou Performances comme musicien chez Carmo/LPs released hors Bresil:

  • Arvore - Egberto Gismonti, group and Orchestra - 1991
  • Circense - Egberto Gismonti, group and Orchestra - 1991
  • Violão - Nando Carneiro - 1991
  • Kuarup - Egberto Gismonti, group and Orchestra - 1991
  • Academia De Danças - Egberto Gismonti, group and Orchestra -1992
  • Trem Caipira - Egberto Gismonti group - 1992
  • Nó Caipira - Egberto Gismonti, group and Orchestra - 1992
  • Amazonia - Egberto Gismonti group - 1992
  • 7 Dias, 7 instrumentos, musica - Carioca - 1992

Musique pour Ballets:

  • Maracatu / Choreography of Décio Otero with Ballet Stagium - 1974 - Brazil
  • Coraçoes Futuristas / Choreography of Vitor Navarro with Corpo De Baile Do Teatro Municipal De *São Paulo - 1976 - Brazil
  • Conforme A Altura Do Sol, Conforme A Altura Da Lua / Choreography of Décio Otero with Ballett *Stagium - 1978 - Brazil
  • Dança Das Cabeças / Choreography of Décio Otero with Ballet Stagium - 1978 - Brazil
  • Construçao / Choreography of Klaus e Angel Vianna - 1978 - Brazil
  • Sonhos De Castro Alves / Choreography of Antonio Carlos Cardoso with the Corpo De Baile Do Teatro *Castro Alves - Salvador - 1982 - Brazil
  • Variaçoes / Choreography of Graziela Figuerca with Grupo Coringa - 1984 - Brazil
  • Pantanal / Choreography of Décio Otero with the Ballet Stagium - 1986 - Brazil
  • Variações Sobre Villa Lobos / Choreography of Décio Otero with the Ballet Stagium - 1987 - Brazil
  • Maracatu / Choreography and performance of Ballet Babinka - 1986 - Uruguay
  • Jogo De Buzios / Choreography of Antonio Carlos Cardoso with the Corpo De Baile Do Teatro Castro *Alves - 1988 - Brazil
  • Natura / Chorégraphie de Laura Dean Dancers and Musicians - 1988 - Live music performance in USA
  • Sonhos De Castro Alves 2 / Choreography of Victor Navarro with the Corpo De Baile Do Teatro Castro Alves - 1988 - Brazil
  • Inconfidentes / Choreography of various choreographs with the Corpo De Baile De Teatro Palacio Das Artes - 1988 - Brazil
  • Iemanja / Choreography of Joe Alegado with Tanz-Forum (Opera’s Ballet of Cologne) - 1990 - live music performance at Philharmonic of Köln - Germany
  • Danças Solitarias / Choreography of Jochen Ulrich with Tanz-Forum (Opera’s Ballet of Cologne) - 1990 - performance at Philharmonic of Köln - Germany
  • 7 Anéis / Choreography of Jochen Ulrich with Tanz-Forum (Opera’s Ballet of Cologne) - 1990 - performance at Philharmonic of Köln - Germany
  • Carmen / Choreography of Jochen Ulrich with Tanz-Forum (Opera’s Ballet of Cologne) - 1993 - performance at Köln, Ludwigsburg and Ludwigshafen - Germany

Musique de films:

  • A Penultima Donzela / Directed by Fernando Amaral - 1969 - Brazil
  • Em Famiglia / Directed by Paulo Porto - 1971 - Brazil
  • Confissões do Frei Abóbora / Directed by Braz Chediak -1972 - Brazil
  • Janaina / Directed by Olivier Perroy - 1973 - Brazil
  • Terra do Guaraná / documentary - 1974 - Brazil
  • Quem tem Medo do Lobisomem / Directed by Reginaldo Farias - 1973 - Brazil
  • Nem os Bruxps Eacapam / Dorected by Valdir Ercolani - 1974 - Brazil
  • Polichinelo / Directed by Jean Pierre Albicoco - 1975 - Brazil
  • Raoni / Directed by Jean-Pierre Dutilleux - 1976 - France
  • Parada 88 / Directed by José by Anchieta - 1977 - Brazil
  • Cruising / Directed by William Frietkin - 1979 - USA
  • Ato by Violência / Directed by Eduardo Escorel - 1980 - Brazil
  • Pra Frente Brasil / Directed by Roberto Farias - 1981 - Brazil
  • Euridyce / Dir. by Mauro Alice / Documentary - 1983 - Brazil
  • Avaeté / Directed by Zelito Vienna - 1985 - Brazil
  • La Bela Palomera / Directed by Rui Guerra - 1987 - Brazil
  • Kuarup / Directed by Rui Guerra - 1988 - Brazil
  • Amazonia / Directed by Monti Aguirre - 1990 - USA
  • El Viaje / Directed by Fernando Solanas - 1991 - Argentina

Musique de series TV:

  • As Nadadoras / (Art Video) Tv Manchete of Mariza Alvares Lima - 1986 - Brazil
  • ? - Diadorim / (Art Video) of José de Anchieta - 1987 - Brazil
  • Pantanal / (Documentary) TV Manchete of Washington Novaes - 1986 - Brazil
  • O Pagador De Promessas / (Mini-serie of 15 episodes) TV Globo of Dias Gomes, dir. Tizuca Yamasaki - 1988 - Brazil
  • Um Grito Pela Vida / Conservation International Production - Haroldo e Flavia Castro - 1991 - USA
  • Amazonia Parte II / (serie of 120 episodes) TV Manchete of T. Yamsaki and Regina Braga, dir. Tizuca Yamasaki - 1992 - Brazil
  • Kuarup / (Mini-serie of 5 episodes) TV Manchete of Rui Guerra - 1992 - Brazil

Musique pour theatre (Bresil):

  • Maria Minhoca / by Maria Clara Machado - 1969
  • Encontro No Bar / by Braulio Pedroso / dir. by Celso Nunes with Camila Amado and Zanoni Perrite - 1973
  • Seria Comico Se Nao Fosse Serio / by Durrenmat / dir. by Celso Nunes with Fernanda Montenegro, Mauro Mendoça and Fernando Torres - 1974
  • Festa de Sabado / by Braulio Pedroso & Geraldo Carneiro, dir. de Daniel Filbo and Antonio Pedro with Camila Amado and Antonio Pedro - 1976
  • O Pequeno Principe / by Saint Exupery with Carlos Vereza and Susane Carvalho - 1978
  • Dor De Amor / by Braulio Pedroso dir. by Paulo Cesar Pereio with Paulo Cesar Pereio and Scarlet Moon - 1976
  • Bandeira Dos Cinco Milreis / by Geraldo Carneiro, dir. by Aderbal Jr. with Maria Padiha and Marco Nanini - 1985
  • Passageiro Da Estrela / Dir. by Sergio Fonta, with Lidia Brondi - 1984
  • O Homen Sobre o Parapeito Da Ponte / by Guy Poissy with Carlos Vereza and Clemente Vizcaino - 1987
  • Sonhos De Una Noite De Verão / by William Shakespeare, dir. by Werner Herzog - 1992 for Exp

Musique pour expositions (peintres,sculpteurs):

  • Os Muito Universos / by Miralda Pedroso (installation) - 1985
  • Ita-Parica / (Fragmentos de uma exposiçao) by Miralda Pedroso (installation) - 1985
  • Figueira Branca / by Akiko Fujita (Sculpture & Installation) - 1986
  • Os Sete Aneis / by Antonio Peticov (Sculpture) - 1986

Oeuvres écrites pour différents ensembles:

  • Music for 48 Strings - dedicated to Igor Strawinsky
  • Ritmos & Danças - guitar and Orchestra - dedicated to Léo Brower
  • Dança das Sombras - Chamber Orchestra - 1983
  • 10 Guitar Studies - 1979/1990
  • 10 Strings Quartet - 1987/1990
  • Songbook - released by Editions Gismonti - 1989/1990
  • 10 Piano Studies - 1989/1990
  • Musica de Sobrevivência - Symphonic Music commissioned by Sec. Cultura de São Paulo - 1990
  • Realejo - Chamber Orchestra - 1991
  • Strawa no Sertão - Chamber Orchestra - 1991
  • Cabinda, a cantiga dos Espiritos - (5 movements) Symphonic Music commissioned by Zürich Synphonic *Orchestra - 1992
  • Imagem & Variações - Symphonic Music commissioned by São Paulo Symphonic Orchestra - 1992
  • Strawa no Sertão, Maxixe - Symphonic Music commissioned by Copenhagen Symphonic Orchestra - 1993
  • Lundú - Symphonic Music commissioned by Copenhagen Symphonic Orchestra - 1993
  • Forró - Symphonic Music commissioned by Orchestra Symphonic of Bahia - OSBA - 1993
  • Frevo - Symphonic Music commissioned by Cordoba Symphonic Orchestra 1993
  • Dança dos Escravos - Symphonic Music commissioned by Cordoba Symphonic Orchestra - 1993

Previous ‘94 Releases & Works:

  • Gismonti & Vasconcelos - Live at ‘87 Montreux Jazz Festival - Warner Bros. CD
  • Gismonti & C. Haden - Live at ‘89 Montreal Jazz Festival - Polygram Classics CD
  • Gismonti & Ars Nova - Gismonti Vocal Music - ECM Records CD
  • Livro das Ignorânças - Music based in Manoel de Barros Poems - ECM Records CD
  • Casa das Andorinhas - Music for ‘92 Brazilian TV Series - Carmo/ECM CD
  • Bandeira do Brasil - Compilation of E. Gismonti works - Carmo/ECM CD
  • Song Book number 2 - Mundiamusic & Ed. Gismonti - Switzerland - songbook
  • Music for Strings Quartet - Mundiamusic & Ed. Gismonti - Swintzerland - music book

Sources[modifier | modifier le code]