L'amico Fritz

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L'amico Fritz
Image décrite ci-après
Nbre d'actes 3
Musique Pietro Mascagni
Livret Nicola Daspuro
L'Ami Fritz d'Erckmann-Chatrian
Opéra de Rome

L'amico Fritz est un opéra italien en trois actes de Pietro Mascagni, livret de P. Suardon (pseudonyme de Nicola Daspuro), d'après le roman d'Erckmann-Chatrian, l'Ami Fritz (1864), créé au Teatro Costanzi à Rome, le 31 octobre 1891.

Personnages principaux[modifier | modifier le code]

  • Fritz - ténor
  • Suzel - soprano
  • Beppe - mezzo-soprano
  • David - baryton

Historique[modifier | modifier le code]

L'œuvre fut créée par la fameuse soprano Emma Calvé, et fut jouée au Metropolitan Opera de New York pour la première fois, le 10 janvier 1893, avec Calvé.

Synopsis (suivant la version anglaise de Wikipédia)[modifier | modifier le code]

Époque : non précisée; au XIXe siècle.

Lieu : non précisé; probablement en Alsace

Acte 1[modifier | modifier le code]

Salle à manger de la maison de Fritz Kobus

Fritz Kobus, riche propriétaire local, discute avec son ami David, rabbin local. Malgré son mépris du mariage, Fritz de procurer la dot d'un jeune couple. Fritz’s friends join him to celebrate his birthday. He is presented with a bouquet by Suzel, the daughter of one of his tenants. She joins the birthday celebration and is moved when the gypsy Beppe enters playing his violin. When Suzel leaves David comments that she will make a good bride and that he will find her a husband. Fritz protests that she is too young. They argue about marriage and Fritz bets David one of his vineyards that he will never marry.

Acte 2[modifier | modifier le code]

Cour d'une ferme

Suzel is preparing to pick cherries as the farmers go out to the fields. Fritz approaches and helps her.. They sing of the enchantment of the spring and the flowers. Fritz’s friends arrive and Fritz leaves to look over the farms. David stays behind to talk to Suzel. When he suggests that she might be a bride, she becomes embarrassed and leaves. Fritz returns and David mentions that he thinks he has found the right man for Suzel to marry. Fritz becomes visibly upset and, left alone, realizes that he is in love with the girl.

Acte 3[modifier | modifier le code]

Salle à manger de la maison de Fritz Kobus

Fritz cannot banish thoughts of Suzel. Beppe enters and attempts to cheer him up with a song, but Fritz becomes even more depressed. David arrives and tells Fritz that Suzel is engaged to a fine young man and her father will soon ask for Fritz’s blessing. Enraged, Fritz says that he will refuse and leaves. Suzel enters sadly but David insists that everything will be alright. He leaves her alone and she voices her despair and love for Fritz. Fritz enters and asks about her engagement. He quickly senses that she does not love her intended. Fritz reveals his feelings for her and the two admit their love. David enters and declares that he has won his wager with Fritz, telling him that he is going to give his winnings, Fritz’s vineyard, to Suzel as a wedding present.

Discographie sélective[modifier | modifier le code]

  • 1942 - Ferruccio Tagliavini, Pia Tassinari, Amalia Pini, Saturno Meletti - Coro e Orchestra della Rai Torino, Pietro Mascagni - (Warner-Fonit)
  • 1998 - Luciano Pavarotti, Mirella Freni, Laura Didier, Vicente Sardinero - Chorus and orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Gianandrea Gavazzeni (EMI)
  • 2009 - Roberto Alagna, Angela Gheroghiu, Laura Polverelli, George Petean - Chor und Orchester der Deutschen Oper Berlin, Alberto Veronesi - (Deutsche Grammmophon)

Sources[modifier | modifier le code]

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

  • Harold Rosenthal, John Warrack, Roland Mancini et Jean-Jacques Rouveroux, Guide de l'opéra, Paris, Fayard, coll. « Les indispensables de la musique »,‎ 1995 (ISBN 978-2-2135-9567-2)