Décorations militaires des États-Unis

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Les décorations militaires des États-Unis reconnaissent le service et la bravoure des membres des forces armées des États-Unis. Avec les insignes militaires, ce sont les deux récompenses qui signalent les haut faits de la carrière d'un militaire.

Ordre de préséance[modifier | modifier le code]

Le général du corps des marines Peter Pace arborant ses médailles, rubans et insignes.

Bien que chaque arme ait son propre ordre de préséance, les règles générales suivantes s'appliquent à toutes :

  1. Décorations militaires personnelles américaines
  2. Distinctions militaires américaines d'unités
  3. Décorations non militaires personnelles américaines (dans l'ordre de réception ; si certaines proviennent de la même agence, la préséance de cette agence s'applique)
  4. Distinctions non militaires d'unités
  5. Distinctions militaires américaines de campagne
  6. Distinctions militaires américaines de service et d'entrainement
  7. Distinctions et décorations de la marine marchande américaine et récompenses non militaires de service
  8. Décorations militaires personnelles étrangères
  9. Distinctions militaires étrangères d'unité
  10. Distinctions de service étrangères (par exemple, Nation Unies, OTAN)
  11. Distinctions militaires étrangères de service
  12. Distinctions d'adresse au tir (Marine et garde-côtes)
  13. Distinctions et décorations de la garde nationale (Armée de terre et de l'air)
  • Dans l'armée de terre, les distinctions d'unité se portent sur le côté droit.

Médailles et rubans actuellement décernés[modifier | modifier le code]

Par ordre de préséance[modifier | modifier le code]

Désignation des rubans et distinctions
Décorations individuelles
Medal of Honor ribbon.svg  Medal of Honor Décernée pour "Courage et intrépidité au péril de sa vie et au-delà du devoir".
Décernées pour "Héroïsme extraordinaire"

Distinguished Service Cross ribbon.svg  Army Distinguished Service Cross

Navy Cross ribbon.svg  Navy Cross

Air Force Cross ribbon.svg  Air Force Cross

Distinguished Service medals

Defense Distinguished Service ribbon.svg  Defense Distinguished Service Medal

Homeland Security Distinguished Service Medal.jpg  Homeland Security Distinguished Service Medal

Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg  Distinguished Service Medal

Navy Distinguished Service ribbon.svg  Navy Distinguished Service Medal

Air Force Distinguished Service ribbon.svg  Air Force Distinguished Service Medal

Coast Guard Distinguished Service ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Distinguished Service Medal

Silver Star ribbon.svg  Silver Star Décernée pour courage "en opération"
US Defense Superior Service Medal ribbon.svg  Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit ribbon.svg  Legion of Merit
Distinguished Flying Cross ribbon.svg  Distinguished Flying Cross
Medailles pour héroïsme

Soldier's Medal ribbon.svg  Soldier's Medal

Navy and Marine Corps Medal ribbon.svg  Navy and Marine Corps Medal

Airman's Medal ribbon.svg  Airman's Medal

Coast Guard Medal ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Medal

Gold Lifesaving Medal ribbon.svg  Gold Lifesaving Medal
Bronze Star ribbon.svg  Bronze Star
Purple Heart BAR.svg  Purple Heart
Defense Meritorious Service ribbon.svg  Defense Meritorious Service Medal
Meritorious Service ribbon.svg  Meritorious Service Medal
Air Medal ribbon.svg  Air Medal
Silver Lifesaving Medal ribbon.svg  Silver Lifesaving Medal

Aerial Achievement Medal ribbon.svg  Aerial Achievement Medal

Commendation medals

Joint Service Commendation ribbon.svg  Joint Service Commendation Medal

Army Commendation Medal ribbon.svg  Army Commendation Medal

Navy and Marine Corps Commendation ribbon.svg  Navy & Marine Corps Commendation Medal

Air Force Commendation ribbon.svg  Air Force Commendation Medal

Coast Guard Commendation ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Commendation Medal

Achievement medals

Us jointservachiev rib.svg  Joint Service Achievement Medal

Army Achievement Medal ribbon.svg  Army Achievement Medal

Navy and Marine Corps Achievement ribbon.svg  Navy & Marine Corps Achievement Medal

Air Force Achievement ribbon.svg  Air Force Achievement Medal

Coast Guard Achievement ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Achievement Medal

Commandant's Letter of Commendation Ribbon.svg  Commandant's Letter of Commendation
Combat Action Ribbon.svg  Combat Action Ribbon

Air Force Combat Action ribbon.svg  Air Force Combat Action Medal

Distinctions d'unité
Presidential Unit Citation

Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg  Army & Air Force Presidential Unit Citation

US Navy Presidential Unit Citation Ribbon.png  Navy & Marine Corps Presidential Unit Citation

Coast Guard Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Presidential Unit Citation

Joint Meritorious Unit Award ribbon.svg  Joint Meritorious Unit Award

Valorous Unit Award ribbon.svg  Army Valorous Unit Award

Navy Unit Commendation ribbon.svg  Navy Unit Commendation

Gallant Unit Citation ribbon.svg  Air Force Gallant Unit Citation

Coast Guard Unit Commendation ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Unit Commendation

Meritorious Unit Commendation

Meritorious Unit Commendation ribbon.svg  Army Meritorious Unit Commendation

Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation ribbon.svg  Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation

Air Force Meritorious Unit ribbon.svg  Air Force Meritorious Unit Award

Coast Guard Meritorious Unit Commendation ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Meritorious Unit Commendation

Army Superior Unit Award ribbon.svg  Army Superior Unit Award

Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg  Air Force Outstanding Unit Award

Meritorious Team Commendation ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Meritorious Team Commendation

Efficiency Award

Battle-e-ribbon.png  Navy "E" Ribbon

Organizational Excellence ribbon.svg  Air Force Organizational Excellence Award

Coast Guard Excellence Ribbon.svg  Coast Guard "E" Ribbon

Bicentennial Unit Commendation ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Bicentennial Unit Commendation
Distinctions de service
Prisoner of War ribbon.svg  Prisoner of War Medal
Combat Readiness Medal ribbon.svg  Combat Readiness Medal
Good Conduct medals

Army Good Conduct ribbon.svg  Army Good Conduct Medal

Navy Good Conduct ribbon.svg  Navy Good Conduct Medal

Air Force Good Conduct ribbon.svg  Air Force Good Conduct Medal

Marine Corps Good Conduct ribbon.svg  Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal

Coast Guard Good Conduct ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Good Conduct Medal

Désignation des rubans et distinctions
Distinctions de service (suite)
Médailles de bonne conduite (pour la réserve)

Army Reserve Achievement ribbon.svg  Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal

Naval Reserve Meritorious Service Medal.svg  Naval Reserve Meritorious Service Medal

Air Reserve Forces Meritorious Service Medal ribbon.PNG  Air Reserve Forces Meritorious Service Medal

Selected Marine Corps Reserve ribbon.svg  Selected Marine Corps Reserve Medal

Coast Guard Reserve Good Conduct Ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Reserve Good Conduct Medal

Expeditionary medals

Navy Expeditionary ribbon.svg  Navy Expeditionary Medal

Marine Corps Expeditionary ribbon.svg  Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal

Outstanding Airman of the Year Ribbon.svg  Outstanding Airman of the Year Ribbon
Air Force Recognition Ribbon.svg  Air Force Recognition Ribbon
Médailles de campagne
National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg  National Defense Service Medal
Korean Service Medal - Ribbon.svg  Korean Service Medal
AnArcRib.svg  Antarctica Service Medal
Coast Guard Arctic Service ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Arctic Service Medal
AFEMRib.svg  Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
Vietnam Service Ribbon.svg  Vietnam Service Medal
Southwest Asia Service ribbon.svg  Southwest Asia Service Medal
KosovoRib.svg  Kosovo Campaign Medal
Afghanistan Campaign ribbon.svg  Afghanistan Campaign Medal
Iraq Campaign ribbon.svg  Iraq Campaign Medal
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary ribbon.svg  Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Global War on Terrorism Service ribbon.svg  Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Korea Defense Service ribbon.svg  Korea Defense Service Medal
Armed Forces Service Medal ribbon.svg  Armed Forces Service Medal
Humanitarian Service ribbon.svg  Humanitarian Service Medal
Outstanding Volunteer Service ribbon.svg  Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal
Air and Space Campaign ribbon.svg  Air and Space Campaign Medal
Service and training awards
Army Sea Duty Ribbon.svg  Army Sea Duty Ribbon

Army Overseas Service Ribbon.svg  Army Overseas Service Ribbon

Army Reserve Overseas Training Ribbon.svg  Army Reserve Overseas Training Ribbon

Sea Service Deployment Ribbon.svg  Navy Sea Service Deployment Ribbon

Air Force Overseas Short Tour Service Ribbon.svg  Air Force Overseas Short Tour Service Ribbon

Special Operations Service Ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Special Operations Service Ribbon

Arctic Service Ribbon.svg  Navy Arctic Service Ribbon

Coast Guard Sea Service Ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Sea Service Ribbon

Naval Reserve Sea Service Ribbon.svg  Naval Reserve Sea Service Ribbon

Air Force Overseas Long Tour Service Ribbon.svg  Air Force Overseas Long Tour Service Ribbon

Restricted Duty Ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Restricted Duty Ribbon

Navy and Marine Corps Overseas Service Ribbon.svg  Navy & Marine Corps Overseas Service Ribbon

Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon.svg  Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon

Coast Guard Honor Graduate Ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Honor Graduate Ribbon

Air Force Longevity Service ribbon.svg  Air Force Longevity Service Award
Recruiting service ribbon

Navy Recruiting Service Ribbon.svg  Navy Recruiting Service Ribbon

Air Force Recruiter Ribbon.svg  Air Force Recruiter Ribbon

Marine Corps Recruiting Ribbon.svg  Marine Corps Recruiting Ribbon

Coast Guard Recruiting Service Ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Recruiting Service Ribbon

Training service ribbon

Military Training Instructor Ribbon.svg  Air Force Military Training Instructor Ribbon

Navy Recruit Training Service Ribbon.svg  Navy Recruit Training Service Ribbon

Marine Corps Drill Instructor Ribbon.svg  Marine Corps Drill Instructor Ribbon

Guard ribbon

Navy Ceremonial Guard Ribbon.svg  Navy Ceremonial Guard Ribbon

Marine Corps Security Guard Ribbon.svg  Marine Corps Security Guard Ribbon

ResMedRib.svg  Armed Forces Reserve Medal
Professional Development Ribbon

NCO Professional Development Ribbon.svg  Army NCO Professional Development Ribbon

USAF NCO PME Graduate Ribbon.svg  Air Force NCO PME Graduate Ribbon

Army Service Ribbon.svg  Army Service Ribbon

USAF Basic Military Training Honor Graduate Ribbon.svg  Air Force Honor Graduate Ribbon

USAF Marksmanship ribbon.svg  USAF Small Arms Expert Marksmanship Ribbon
Air Force Training Ribbon.svg  Air Force Training Ribbon
Distinctions de tireurs d'élite
Rifle

NavRifleEx.jpg  Navy Expert Rifleman Medal

CGRifRibEx.jpg  Coast Guard Expert Rifle Medal

Navy Rifle Marksmanship Ribbon.svg  Navy Rifle Marksmanship Ribbon

Coast Guard Rifle Marksmanship Ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Rifle Marksmanship Ribbon

Pistol

NavPisRibEx.jpg  Navy Expert Pistol Shot Medal

CgPisExRib.jpg  Coast Guard Expert Pistol Medal

Navy Pistol Marksmanship Ribbon.svg  Navy Pistol Marksmanship Ribbon

Coast Guard Pistol Marksmanship Ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Pistol Marksmanship Ribbon

[1]

Par armes[modifier | modifier le code]

Décorations de la Garde nationale et des forces de défense d'état[modifier | modifier le code]

Décorations non officielles et décorations obsolètes[modifier | modifier le code]

Décorations obsolètes[modifier | modifier le code]

Principaux articles: Décorations militaires obsolètes des États-Unis et Médailles américaines de service des deux guerres mondiales

Désignation des rubans et distinctions
Personal decorations
Certificate of Merit Medal ribbon.svg  Certificate of Merit Medal
Marine Corps Brevet Medal ribbon.svg  Marine Corps Brevet Medal
Army Wound Ribbon.svg  Army Wound Ribbon
Specially Meritorious Service Medal ribbon.svg  Specially Meritorious Service Medal
Unit awards
Secretary of Transportation Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg  Secretary of Transportation Outstanding Unit Award
Bicentennial Unit Commendation ribbon.svg  Coast Guard Bicentennial Unit Commendation
19th and early 20th century Campaign Medals
Civil War Campaign Medal ribbon.svg  Civil War Campaign Medal
Indian Campaign Medal ribbon.svg  Indian Campaign Medal
China Campaign Medal ribbon.svg  China Campaign Medal (Army)
China Campaign Medal ribbon.svg  China Relief Expedition Medal (Navy)
Spanish-American War campaign and occupation medals
Spanish Campaign Medal ribbon.svg  Spanish Campaign Medal
West Indies Campaign Medal ribbon.svg  West Indies Campaign Medal
Redandblueribbon.jpg  West Indies Naval Campaign Medal (Sampson Medal)
Blueyellowribbon.jpg  Battle of Manila Bay Medal (Dewey Medal)
Spanish War Service Medal ribbon.svg  Spanish War Service Medal
Army of Cuban Occupation ribbon.svg  Army of Cuban Occupation Medal
Army of Cuban Pacification ribbon.svg  Army of Cuban Pacification Medal
Army of Puerto Rican Occupation ribbon.svg  Army of Puerto Rican Occupation Medal
Philippine-American War campaign medals
Philippine Campaign Medal ribbon.svg  Philippine Campaign Medal
Philippine Congressional Medal ribbon.svg  Philippine Congressional Medal
Navy & Marine Corps expedition medals (1920s and 1930s)
Nicaraguan Campaign ribbon 1912.svg  Nicaraguan Campaign Medal (1912)
Dominican Campaign Medal ribbon.svg  Dominican Campaign Medal
Haitian Campaign Medal ribbon.svg  Haitian Campaign Medal (1917)
Nicaraguan Campaign ribbon 1933.svg  Nicaraguan Campaign Medal (1933)
Haitian Campaign Medal ribbon.svg  Haitian Campaign Medal (1921)
Yangtze Service Medal ribbon.svg  Yangtze Service Medal
Désignation des rubans et distinctions
World War I and Pre-WWI service medals
Mexican Service Medal ribbon.svg  Mexican Service Medal
Mexican Border Service Medal ribbon.svg  Mexican Border Service Medal
World War I Victory Medal ribbon.svg  World War I Victory Medal
Army of Occupation of Germany ribbon.svg  Army of Occupation of Germany Medal
World War II and Pre-WWII service medals
China Service Medal ribbon.svg  China Service Medal
American Defense Service ribbon.svg  American Defense Service Medal
Women's Army Corps Service ribbon.svg  Women's Army Corps Service Medal
American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg  American Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg  European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign ribbon.svg  Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg  World War II Victory Medal
Post World War II occupation and Service medals
Army of Occupation ribbon.svg  Army of Occupation Medal
Army of Occupation ribbon.svg  Navy Occupation Service Medal
Medal for Humane Action ribbon.svg  Medal for Humane Action
Service and Training awards
Naval Reserve Medal ribbon.svg  Naval Reserve Medal
Fleet Marine Force Ribbon.svg  Fleet Marine Force Ribbon
Marine Corps Reserve Ribbon.svg  Marine Corps Reserve Ribbon
Reserve Special Commendation Ribbon.svg  Reserve Special Commendation Ribbon
Marksmanship

Distinguished Marksman and Pistol Shot Ribbon.svg  Distinguished Marksman and Pistol Shot Ribbon

Distinguished Marksmanship Ribbon.svg  Distinguished Marksman Ribbon

Distinguished Pistol Shot Ribbon.svg  Distinguished Pistol Shot Ribbon

Décorations non officielles[modifier | modifier le code]

Décorations étrangères et internationales[modifier | modifier le code]

Agrafes[modifier | modifier le code]

Références[modifier | modifier le code]

Voir aussi[modifier | modifier le code]

Liens externes[modifier | modifier le code]