Timely Comics

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Timely Comics
logo de Timely Comics

Création 1939 (à l'origine Timely Publications)
Disparition 1950
Fondateurs Martin Goodman
Siège social New York
Drapeau des États-Unis États-Unis
Activité maison d'édition, ...
Site web www.marvel.comVoir et modifier les données sur Wikidata

Timely Publications est une maison d'édition créée en 1939 par Martin Goodman pour éditer des comics. Il renomme la société Timely Comics en 1941. L'activité de la société est transmise à Atlas Comics en 1951 puis à ce qui devient au début des années 1960 Marvel Comics.

Histoire[modifier | modifier le code]

Martin Goodman, éditeur de Pulps[1] depuis 1933, fonde Timely Publications en 1939[2] dans les locaux de sa société afin de profiter du succès de Superman. Il en est le directeur éditorial et le gestionnaire, Abraham Goodman en étant officiellement l'éditeur[3]. L'entreprise est alors basée au McGraw-Hill Building au 330 West 42nd Street à New York[2]. La première publication est Marvel Comics #1 (Octobre 1939) renommée dès le second numéro Marvel Mystery Comics.

Au printemps 1941, Goodman crée une société nommée Timely Comics, Inc. qui publie ses premiers comics en date d'avril 1941[4]. En 1942, la société déménage dans l'Empire State Building et ce jusqu'en 1951[5], année de sa cessation d'activité au profit d'Atlas Comics.

La production de Timely Comics ne se contente pas que des super héros regroupés sous le thème Aventure et produit des comics avec des animaux, de l'humour et des scènes du quotidien comme les Terrytoons ou Mighty Mouse. Une partie de la production est sous la responsabilité de Vincent Fago, ancien des Fleischer Studios.

À partir de novembre 1951, Martin Goodman stoppe l'utilisation du nom Timely Comics au profit d'Atlas Comics, utilisant le logo de sa société de distribution en kiosque l'Atlas News Company[6],[7].

Productions de Timely[modifier | modifier le code]

Personnage Première publication Republication Créateurs
American Ace Motion Picture Funnies Weekly #1 All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #4 (Nov. 2011)
Angel Marvel Comics #1 (Nov. 1939) The Avengers #97 (March 1972)[8];
U.S. Agent #3 (Aug. 1993)
Paul Gustavson (artist)[9],[10]
Archie the Gruesome Comedy Comics #10 (Jun. 1942) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Black Marvel Mystic Comics #5 (March 1941) Slingers #1 (Dec. 1998) Al Gabriele (penciller-inker), writer unknown but not Stan Lee as often mis-credited[11]
Black Widow Mystic Comics #4 (Aug. 1940) Marvels #1 (Jan. 1994) George Kapitan (writer), Harry Sahle (penciller-inker)
Blazing Skull Mystic Comics #5 (March 1941) The Avengers #97 (March 1972)[8]; Invaders #2 (1993) Bob Davis (writer-artist)[12]
Blonde Phantom All Select Comics #11 (Fall 1946) The Sensational She-Hulk #4 (July 1989) Stan Lee (writer), Syd Shores (penciller), Charles Nicholas (inker)
Blue Blade U.S.A. Comics #5 (Summer 1942) The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Syd Shores (penciller), Charles Nicholas (inker)
Blue Blaze Mystic Comics #1 (March 1940) Harry Douglas (writer-penciler-inker), signed "Harry / Douglas", leading to numerous theories of two creators or other pseudonym situations which have proven incorrect[13]
Bucky Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941) As Winter Soldier:
Captain America vol. 5, #1 (Jan. 2005)
Joe Simon (writer), Jack Kirby (penciller),
Joe Simon and Al Liederman (inkers)
Blue Diamond Daring Mystery Comics #7 (April 1941) Marvel Premiere #29 (April 1976) Ben Thompson (penciller-inker)
Captain America Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941) The Avengers #4 (March 1964) Joe Simon (writer), Jack Kirby (penciller),
Joe Simon and Al Liederman (inkers)
Captain Terror U.S.A. Comics #2 (Nov. 1941) Captain America #442 (Aug. 1995) Mike Suchorsky (penciller-inker)[14]
Captain Wonder Kid Komics #1 (Feb. 1943) The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Otto Binder (writer), Frank Giacoia (penciller-inker)[15]
Challenger Daring Mystery Comics #7 (April 1941) Marvel Knights Spider-Man #9 (Feb. 2005) Charles Nicholas (penciller, possible inker)[16]
Citizen V Daring Mystery Comics #8 (Jan. 1942) Thunderbolts −1 (July 1997) Ben Thompson (penciler-inker)
Comet Pierce Red Raven Comics #1 (Aug. 1940) Jack Kirby (writer-artist)[17]
Davey Drew (Davey and the Demon) Mystic Comics #7 (1941) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #3 (Oct. 2011) Howard James
Defender U.S.A. Comics #1 (1941) Daredevil #66 (Dec. 2004)
Destroyer Mystic Comics #6 (Oct. 1941) Invaders #26 (March 1978) Stan Lee (writer), Jack Binder (penciler-inker)
Dynamic Man Mystic Comics #1 (1940) The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Daniel Peters
Electro Marvel Mystery #4 (Feb. 1940) The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Steve Dahlman (writer-artist)
Falcon Human Torch Comics #2 (Fall 1940) Marvel Knights Spider-Man #9 (Feb. 2005)
Father Time Captain America Comics #6 (Sep. 1941) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #2 (Sep. 2011)
Ferret Marvel Mystery Comics #4 (Feb. 1940) The Marvels Project #3 (Dec. 2009)
Fiery Mask Daring Mystery Comics #1 (Jan. 1940) The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Joe Simon (writer-penciller-inker)
Fighting Yank Captain America Comics #17 (Aug. 1942) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #2 (Sep. 2011)
Fin Daring Mystery Comics #7 (April 1941) The Avengers #97 (March 1972)[8]; Invaders #5 (March 1976) Bill Everett (writer-penciller-inker)
Flash Foster Daring Mystery Comics #1 (Jan. 1940) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Flexo the Rubber Man
(Rubber robot, not stretching hero)
Mystic Comics #1 (April 1940) Jack Binder (penciller-inker)
Human Torch Marvel Comics #1 (Nov. 1939) Fantastic Four Annual #4 (Nov. 1966) Carl Burgos (writer-penciller-inker)
Hurricane[18] Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941) Marvel Universe #7 (Dec. 1998) Jack Kirby (penciller), Joe Simon (inker)
Invisible Man Mystic Comics #2 (Apr. 1940) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Jack Frost U.S.A. Comics #1 (Aug. 1941) Marvel Premiere #29 (April 1976) Stan Lee (writer)[19], Charles Nicholas (artist)[20]
Jap Buster Johnson U.S.A Comics #6 (Dec. 1942) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #2 (Sept. 2011)
Jimmy Jupiter Marvel Mystery Comics #28 (Feb. 1942) Captain America #1 (Sept. 2011)
John Steele Daring Mystery Comics #1 The Marvels Project #1 (Oct. 2009) Dean Carr
Laughing Mask Daring Mystery Comics #2 The Twelve #1 (March 2008)
Major Liberty U.S.A. Comics #1 (Aug. 1941)
Marvel Boy (first) Daring Mystery Comics #6 (Sept. 1940) Jack Kirby (penciller), Joe Simon and Al Avison (inkers)
Marvel Boy (second) U.S.A. Comics #7 (Feb. 1943) Bob Oksner (writer-penciller-inker)
Marvex the Super-Robot Daring Mystery Comics #3 (April 1940) All Select Comics 70th Anniversary Special #1 (Sept. 2009)
Master Mind Excello Mystic Comics #2 The Twelve #1 (March 2008)
Mercury[18] Red Raven Comics #1 (Aug. 1940) Marvel Universe #7 (Dec. 1998)
Merzah the Mystic Mystic Comics #4 (Aug. 1940) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Millie the Model Millie the Model #1 (fin 1945) The Defenders (vol.1) #65 Ruth Atkinson
Miss America Marvel Mystery Comics #49 (Nov. 1943) Giant-Size Avengers #1 (Aug. 1974) Otto Binder (writer), Al Gabriele (penciller)
Miss Patriot Marvel Mystery Comics #29 (Mar. 1942) (as Mary Morgan); Marvel Mystery Comics #50 (Dec. 1943) (as Miss Patriot) Captain America: Patriot #1 (Nov. 2010)
Mister E Daring Mystery Comics #2 The Twelve #1 (March 2008)
Monako the Magician Daring Mystery Comics #1 The Marvels Project #1 (Oct. 2009)
Moon Man Mystic Comics #5 All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #2 (Sep. 2011)
Namora Marvel Mystery Comics #82 (May 1947) Sub-Mariner #33 (January 1971)
Patriot Human Torch Comics #4 (Spring 1941) The Avengers #97 (March 1972)[8]; The Invaders #5 (March 1976)
Patsy Walker Miss America #2 (nov. 1944) Amazing Adventures (vol.2) #13 Ruth Atkinson
Phantom Bullet Daring Comics #2 (Feb. 1940) The Marvels Project #2 (Nov. 2009)
Phantom Reporter Daring Mystery Comics #3 The Twelve #1 (March 2008)
Red Raven Red Raven Comics #1 (Aug. 1940) X-Men #44 (May 1968) Joe Simon (writer), Louis Cazeneuve (penciller)
Rockman U.S.A. Comics #1 (Aug. 1941) The Twelve #1 (March 2008)
Silver Scorpion Daring Mystery Comics #7 (Jan. 1941) Invaders #2 (June 1993) Henry Sahle
Slow-Motion Jones U.S.A. Comics #6 (Dec. 1942) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Sub-Mariner Marvel Comics #1 (Nov. 1939) Fantastic Four #4 (May 1962) Bill Everett (writer-penciller-inker)
Sun Girl Sun Girl #1 (Aug. 1948)
Taxi Taylor Mystic Comics #2 (Apr. 1940) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Terror Mystic Comics #5 (March 1941) Sensational She-Hulk #15 (May 1990) Phil Sturm (writer); Syd Shores (penciler). George Klein may have added background pencils, but that would not be a creator role[21].
Thin Man Mystic Comics #4 (July 1940) Marvel Premiere #29 (April 1976) Klaus Nordling (penciller-inker)
Thunderer Daring Mystery Comics #7 (April 1941) Marvel Premiere #29 (April 1976)
Toro Human Torch Comics #2 (1940) Sub-Mariner #14 (1969) Carl Burgos
Vagabond U.S.A. Comics #2 (Nov. 1941) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #3 (Oct. 2011)
Vision Marvel Mystery Comics #13 (Nov. 1940) The Avengers #97 (March 1972)[8] Jack Kirby & Joe Simon (writers); Jack Kirby (penciller-inker)[22]
Whizzer U.S.A. Comics #1 (Aug. 1941) Giant-Size Avengers #1 (Aug. 1974) Stan Lee? (writer)[23] Al Avison (penciller), Al Gabriele (inker)
The Witness Mystic Comics #6 (Dec. 1941) The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Stan Lee (writer)[23]
Young Allies Young Allies Comics #1 (July 1941) Young Allies Comics 70th Anniversary Special (2009) Jack Kirby (penciller), Syd Shores (inker)
Young Avenger U.S.A. Comics #1 (Aug. 1941) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Victory Boys U.S.A. Comics #5 (Summer 1942) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)

Références[modifier | modifier le code]

  1. Martin Goodman publia des titres comme Ka-Zar (1936), Marvel Science Stories (août 1938), Marvel Tales, Marvel Stories (1941), Complete Western Books
  2. a et b Mention dans l'ours du premier numéro "Vol.1, No.1, MARVEL COMICS, Oct., 1939 Published monthly by Timely Publications, ... Art and editorial by Funnies Incorporated..."
  3. Selon une déclaration datée du 2 octobre 1939 publiée page 40 de Marvel Mystery Comics #4 (daté de février 1940), et réimprimée à la page 239 de Marvel Masterworks: Golden Age Marvel Comics Volume 1 (Marvel Comics, 2004).
  4. (en) « Marvel : Timely Publications (Indicia Publisher) », sur Grand Comics Database
  5. (en) Peter Sanderson, The Marvel Comics Guide to New York City, New York City, Pocket Books, , 52–61 p. (ISBN 1-4165-3141-6)
  6. « International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 10 » [archive du ], Farmington Hills, Michigan, Gale / St. James Press, via FundingUniverse.com, (consulté le 28 septembre 2011)
  7. Marvel : Atlas [wireframe globe] (Brand) at the Grand Comics Database
  8. a b c d et e Simulacrum only
  9. Jerry Bails, « Who's Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999: Paul Gustavson » (consulté le 14 avril 2013)
  10. The writer-creator credit is unconfirmed. Historian Don Markstein in the « character's entry »(ArchiveWikiwixArchive.isGoogleQue faire ?) (consulté le 27 janvier 2015) at Don Markstein's Toonopedia (Archived from the original on April 4, 2012) writes, "The character was created by cartoonist Paul Gustavson, who wrote and drew his first adventure as well as many later ones." The Grand Comics Database's entry for Marvel Comics #1 gives credit as "Ray Gill ?"
  11. Mystic Comics #5 at the Grand Comics Database
  12. Mystic Comics #5 at the Grand Comics Database]
  13. Mystic Comics #1 at the Grand Comics Database
  14. U.S.A. Comics #2 at the Grand Comics Database
  15. Kid Komics #1 at the Grand Comics Database
  16. Daring Mystery Comics #7 at the Grand Comics Database
  17. Jerry Bails, « Who's Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999: Jack Kirby » (consulté le 14 avril 2013)
  18. a et b In 1998, the Hurricane and Mercury were revealed in retcon to be the same character, the Eternal named Makkari.
  19. Stan Lee at the Lambiek Comiclopedia
  20. USA Comics #1 at the Grand Comics Database
  21. Mystic Comics #5 at the Grand Comics Database
  22. Theakston, Greg, at Marvel Mystery Comics #13 in the Grand Comics Database
  23. a et b Lee at Lambiek. No independent secondary source confirms this, however, so credit is tentative.