Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
Sauter à la navigation Sauter à la recherche

Carte des AONB des îles Britanniques.

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty ou AONB (littéralement, « Espace de remarquable beauté naturelle »), est en Angleterre, au pays de Galles et en Irlande du Nord, un espace reconnu pour la beauté de ses paysages, et protégé par des dispositions spécifiques.

Toutefois, les réglementations en vigueur dans les AONB sont nettement moins contraignantes que celles établies pour les Parcs nationaux d'Angleterre et du Pays de Galles, créés par la même loi, le National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act de 1949. L'équivalent écossais des AONB sont les National Scenic Areas.

En 2008, il existait quarante-neuf Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty de superficie très variable. Le plus grand est celui des Cotswolds et fait 2 038 km2.

Liste des Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty[modifier | modifier le code]

Angleterre[modifier | modifier le code]

AONB Création Superficie (km2) Comté
Arnside and Silverdale 1972 75 Cumbria (South Lakeland), Lancashire (Lancaster)
Blackdown Hills 1991 370 Devon (East Devon, Mid Devon), Somerset (South Somerset, Somerset West and Taunton)
Cannock Chase 1958 68 Staffordshire (Cannock Chase, Lichfield)
Chichester Harbour 1970 37 Hampshire (Havant), West Sussex (Chichester)
Chilterns 1965 833 Buckinghamshire (Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks, Wycombe), Central Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire (Dacorum, North Hertfordshire, Three Rivers), Luton, Oxfordshire (South Oxfordshire)
Cornwall 1959 958 Cornouailles
Cotswolds 1966 2038 Bath and North East Somerset, Gloucestershire (Cheltenham, Cotswold, Stroud, Tewkesbury), Oxfordshire (Cherwell, West Oxfordshire), South Gloucestershire, Warwickshire (Stratford-on-Avon), Wiltshire, Worcestershire (Wychavon)
Cranborne Chase and the West Wiltshire Downs 1981 983 Dorset, Hampshire (New Forest), Somerset (Mendip, South Somerset), Wiltshire
Vallée de Dedham 1970 90 Essex (Colchester, Tendring), Suffolk (Babergh)
Dorset 1959 1129 Dorset
East Devon 1963 268 Devon (East Devon)
Forest of Bowland 1964 803 Lancashire (Lancaster, Pendle, Ribble Valley, Wyre), North Yorkshire (Craven)
High Weald 1983 1460 East Sussex (Hastings, Rother, Wealden), Kent (Ashford, Sevenoaks, Tonbridge and Malling, Tunbridge Wells), Surrey (Tandridge), West Sussex (Crawley, Horsham, Mid Sussex)
Howardian Hills 1987 204 North Yorkshire (Hambleton, Ryedale)
Isle of Wight 1963 189 Isle of Wight
Isles of Scilly 1975 16 Isles of Scilly
Kent Downs 1968 878 Greater London (Bromley), Kent (Ashford, Canterbury, Dover, Folkestone & Hythe, Gravesham, Maidstone, Sevenoaks, Swale, Tonbridge and Malling), Medway
Lincolnshire Wolds 1973 560 Lincolnshire (East Lindsey, West Lindsey), North East Lincolnshire
Malvern Hills 1959 105 Gloucestershire (Forest of Dean), Herefordshire, Worcestershire (Malvern Hills)
Mendip Hills 1972 200 Bath and North East Somerset, North Somerset, Somerset (Mendip, Sedgemoor)
Nidderdale 1994 603 North Yorkshire (Hambleton, Harrogate, Richmondshire)
Norfolk Coast 1968 453 Norfolk (Great Yarmouth, King's Lynn and West Norfolk, North Norfolk)
North Devon Coast 1959 171 Devon (North Devon, Torridge)
North Pennines 1988 1983 County Durham, Cumbria (Carlisle, Eden), Northumberland, North Yorkshire (Richmondshire)
Northumberland Coast 1958 138 Northumberland
North Wessex Downs 1972 1730 Hampshire (Basingstoke and Deane, Test Valley), Oxfordshire (South Oxfordshire, Vale of White Horse), Swindon, West Berkshire, Wiltshire
Quantock Hills 1956 98 Somerset (Sedgemoor, Somerset West and Taunton)
Shropshire Hills 1958 802 Shropshire, Telford and Wrekin
Solway Coast 1964 115 Cumbria (Allerdale, Carlisle)
South Devon 1960 337 Devon (South Hams), Torbay
Suffolk Coast and Heaths 1970 403 Suffolk (Babergh, East Suffolk)
Surrey Hills 1958 422 Surrey (Guildford, Mole Valley, Reigate and Banstead, Tandridge, Waverley)
Tamar Valley 1995 190 Cornouailles, Devon (South Hams, West Devon)
Wye Valley (partly in Wales) 1971 326 Gloucestershire (Forest of Dean), Herefordshire, Monmouthshire

Pays de Galles[modifier | modifier le code]

AONB Création Superficie (km2) Comté
Anglesey 1967 221 Anglesey
Clwydian Range et Dee 1985 389 Denbighshire, Flintshire, Wrexham
Péninsule de Gower 1956 188 Swansea
Llŷn 1956 155 Gwynedd
Wye Valley (partiellement en Angleterre) 1971 326 Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Monmouthshire

Irlande du Nord[modifier | modifier le code]

AONB Création Superficie (km2) Comté
Antrim Coast and Glens 1989 724 Causeway Coast and Glens, Mid and East Antrim
Binevenagh 1966[1] 138 Causeway Coast and Glens
Chaussée des Géants 1989 42 Causeway Coast and Glens
Lagan Valley 1965 39 Belfast, Lisburn and Castlereagh
Montagnes de Mourne 1986 570 Armagh, Banbridge and Craigavon, Newry, Mourne and Down
Ring of Gullion 1966[2] 154 Newry, Mourne and Down
Sperrins 1968 1181 Causeway Coast and Glens, Derry and Strabane, Fermanagh and Omagh, Mid Ulster
Strangford Lough and Lecale 1967[3] 525 Ards and North Down, Newry, Mourne and Down


Notes et références[modifier | modifier le code]

  1. Sous le nom de North Derry AONB, étendu et redésigné sous le nom de Binevenagh AONB en 2006.
  2. Redésigné en Ring of Gullion en 1991.
  3. Lecale Coast AONB. Strangford Lough AONB désigné 1972 puis redésigné comme un seul AONB en 2010.