Langues tani

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Pays Chine, Inde
Typologie SOV
Classification par famille
Statut officiel
Langue officielle Drapeau de la République populaire de Chine Chine

Les langues tani, ou miriques, ou encore adi–galo–mishing–nishi (Bradley, 1997) ou abor–miri–dafla (Matisoff), sont un groupe de langues tibéto-birmanes parlée dans la partie orientale de l'Himalaya, dans une aire bordée par l'État indien de l'Assam, le Bhoutan la Birmanie et le Tibet.

Les langues tani sont parlées par quelque 600 000 personnes dans l'État indien de l'Arunachal Pradesh like the Adi (many tribes), Nyishi-Bangni, Hill Miri, Tagin, and Apatani peoples of East Kameng, Lower Subansiri, Upper Subansiri, West Siang, East Siang, and the Dibang Valley districts of Arunachal Pradesh. In Arunachal Pradesh alone the Tani-speaking area covers some 40,000 square kilometers, or roughly half the size of the state. Scattered Tani communities spill over the Sino-Indian border into adjacent areas in Mêdog (Miguba and Mising peoples), Mainling (Bokar and Tagin peoples), and Lhünzê (Bangni, Na, Bayi, Dazu, and Mara peoples) counties of Tibet, where together with the non-Tani Idu they form the Lhoba nationality.

Classification[modifier | modifier le code]

The Tani languages are conservatively classified as a distinct branch in Tibeto-Burman. Their closest relatives may be to be their eastern neighbors the Digarish languages, Taraon and Idu.[réf. nécessaire] The names "Adi", "Abor", and "Miri" are common to several of the peoples and their languages.

According to a semi-ethnic classification (Van Driem 2001), the languages are as follows. It is not clear which are actually separate languages at this point, since some are undocumented. Ethnologue, for example, counts Milang, the Gallong languages, and all of the Padam languages apart from Mishing as dialects of "Adi", though they acknowledge that Bokar, Milang, Pailibo, and Ramo may be distinct languages, and have assigned a separate ISO code to Gallong, as it is sociolinguistically distinct.

Références[modifier | modifier le code]

  • George van Driem (2001) Languages of the Himalayas: An Ethnolinguistic Handbook of the Greater Himalayan Region. Brill.