Utilisateur:Sswonk/Bac à sable

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I wish I could write French articles about Mass!

I have joined the French language Wikipedia with the goal of providing a Massachusetts resident's insight into articles, drafts, infoboxes and lists about the state. I attempted to write the following history of Quincy, Mass in French but am afraid my memory from school is very poor, « mon rétention de la grammaire depuis mon lycée est très mal ». The "History" section text at the Quincy page was rewritten by Hercule. I did not translate my original text from the text below, I wrote it in French which is really the only way to properly contribute. The text below was actually my translation back into English from the weak French passages I originally posted. I will be adding text in English below the completed section to help complete a full article about Quincy. I'll also be reading a lot of articles at fr.wikipedia.org and slowly rebuilding my knowledge of the language.

I am able to produce detailed maps of most features and areas of Massachusetts using GIS software. Please contact me with any requests for maps and other information, possibly even needed photographs, using French if you like. I am able to understand written French at a passable level, and use online translation aids when I am stuck. I also use http://www.linternaute.com/dictionnaire/fr/.

Quincy (Massachusetts) Anglais:

History[modifier | modifier le code]

Fait - Cela a été réécrit par Utilisateur:Hercule. The coastline of Massachusetts Bay was first settled by Native Americans. They were members of the "Massachuset" tribe belonging to the Algonquian family of people. "Massachuset" means "the people who live near the great hill" in Algonquian. By legend, this refers to the Blue Hills which are located in the southwest of what is now the city of Quincy.

The first description and map of the region was given by Captain John Smith after his second voyage of discovery from England in 1614. Captain Wollaston founded a permanent trading post in 1625. After Wollaston left the following year a settler named Thomas Morton and others took control of the area behaving with some debauchery and renamed it "Merry Mount". This group was later supressed by Puritans from Plymouth Colony and what is now Quincy became part of the town of Braintree when it was formed in 1640. Quincy remained as the North Precinct of Braintree until 1792 when the Massachusetts General Court approved a petition of the residents to become a separate town named after Colonel John Quincy, a prominent early resident.

During the 19th century Quincy became known for the production of granite. In 1826, in order to transport quarried stone from Quincy three miles to the Neponset River, the first commercial railway in the United States was built. The "Granite Railway" carried large blocks used in the construction of the Bunker Hill Monument in Charlestown. The high quality granite was used for the construction of other buildings, including the town hall in 1844, and Quincy is still sometimes called "Granite City".

Thomas Watson, known for assisting Alexander Graham Bell with the development of the telephone, moved his Fore River Shipyard 3 kilometers downstream from Braintree to Quincy Point in 1900. In 1913, Bethlehem Steel Corporation purchased the shipyard for $4.8 million, ensuring for Quincy an important role in naval construction for the next eighty years. The shipyard produced many important vessels for the United States Navy during World War II and the Cold War, employing thousands. General Dynamics corporation acquired the site in 1963 specializing in the construction of LNG tankers before closing in 1986.

Geography (English version)[modifier | modifier le code]

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Map of Quincy showing elevations and features

Quincy shares borders with Boston to the north (separated by the Neponset River), Milton to the west, Randolph and Braintree to the south, and Hull (maritime border) and Weymouth to the east.

Selon le United States Census Bureau, la ville a une région totale de 70 km2, dont 44 km2 sont le terrain et 26 km2 sont de l'eau. La région totale est de l'eau de 37.6 %. Quincy se compose des régions côtières étant basses au nord et à l'est qui deviennent plus hauts dans l'élévation comme on bouge au sud et à l'ouest.[1]

Although Quincy is primarily urban, 10.1 km2 or fully 23 percent of its land area lies within the uninhabited Blue Hills Reservation, a state park managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation.[2] This undeveloped natural area encompasses the southwestern portion of Quincy and includes the city's highest point, 158 meter Chickatawbut Hill.

There are several beaches in Quincy,[3] including Wollaston Beach along Quincy Shore Drive. Located on Quincy Bay, Wollaston Beach is the largest beach in Boston Harbor.[4]

Géographie[modifier | modifier le code]

Carte de Quincy la présentation des élévations et des caractéristiques

Quincy partage des frontières avec Boston au nord (séparé par le fleuve Neponset), Milton à l'ouest, Randolph et Braintree au sud et Hull (la frontière maritime) et Weymouth à l'est.

Bien que Quincy soit essentiellement urbain, 10.1 km2 ou complètement 23 pour cent de ses région de terrain sont trouvés dans l'inhabité Blue Hills Reservation (la Réservation de Collines Bleue), un parc public dirigé par le Département de Massachusetts de Conservation et de Loisirs.[5] Cette région naturelle non développée couvre la portion sud-ouest de Quincy et inclut le plus haut point de la ville, la Colline de Chickatawbut de 158 mètres.

Il y a plusieurs plages dans Quincy,[6] en incluant la Plage de Wollaston le long du Quincy Shore Drive. Trouvé sur la Baie de Quincy, la Plage de Wollaston est la plus grande plage dans le Boston Harbor (Port Bostonien).[7]

Demographics[modifier | modifier le code]

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Education[modifier | modifier le code]

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Recreation[modifier | modifier le code]

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Sources[modifier | modifier le code]

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  1. Houghs Neck: 7 m Wollaston: 7 m Quincy Point: 9 m Quincy Center: 24 m Blue Hills Reservoir: 75 m Chickatawbut Hill: 152 m United States Geographic Names Information Service (GNIS)
  2. MassGIS Protected and Recreational Open Space data, last updated 2008-07-10
  3. About Quincy beaches
  4. Boston Harbor Association
  5. en: MassGIS Protected and Recreational Open Space data, last updated 2008-07-10 (MassGIS les données de Clairière Protégées et de Récréation, dernières actualisé 2008-07-10)
  6. en: About Quincy beaches
  7. en: Boston Harbor Association (Association du Port Bostonien)