Suffixe (linguistique)

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Page d'aide sur l'homonymie Pour les articles homonymes, voir Suffixe.

Un suffixe est un affixe qui est placé après le thème morphologique d'un mot.
Ajouter un suffixe à la fin d'un mot le change en un autre mot, par exemple lorsque le suffixe « -iste » est ajouté au mot social, il crée le mot socialiste.

Suffixes en français[modifier | modifier le code]

Il existe plusieurs suffixes en français, dont certains ne donnent pas le même sens à un nouveau mot.[1]

Suffixes en anglais[modifier | modifier le code]

 Inflectional suffixes do not change the word class of the word after inflection.[1] Inflectional suffixes in modern English include:

-s third person singular present
-ed past tense
-t past tense
-ing progressive/continuous
-en past participle
-s plural
-en plural (irregular)
-er comparative
-est superlative
-n't negative

Derivational suffixes can be divided into two categories, namely class-changing derivation and class-maintaining derivation. Derivational suffixes in modern English include:

-ise/-ize (usually changes nouns into verbs)
-fy (usually changes nouns into verbs)
-ly (usually changes adjectives into adverbs)
-ful (usually changes nouns into adjectives)
-able/-ible (usually changes verbs into adjectives)
-hood (usually class-maintaining, with the word class remaining a noun)
-ess (usually class-maintaining, with the word class remaining a noun)
-ness (usually changes adjectives into nouns)
-less (usually changes nouns into adjectives)
-ism (usually class-maintaining, with the word class remaining a noun)
-ment (usually changes verbs into nouns)
-ist (usually class-maintaining, with the word class remaining a noun)
-al (usually changes nouns into adjectives)
-ish (usually changes nouns into adjectives/ class-maintaining, with the word class remaining an adjective)
-tion (usually changes verbs into noun)
-logy/-ology (usually class-maintaining, with the word class remaining a noun)

Notes et références[modifier | modifier le code]