Structure pyramidale des ligues de football en Angleterre

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La structure pyramidale des ligues de football en Angleterre (English football league system en anglais) désigne le système de classement officiel des ligues et divisions du football anglais (certains clubs gallois évoluant en Angleterre sont également incorporés). Le classement englobe 140 ligues et plus de 480 divisions[1] de football classés sur 22 niveaux selon un système pyramidal.

Structure pyramidale[modifier | modifier le code]

Le tableau ci-dessous montre la structure actuelle des ligues anglaises. La compétition la plus relevée se positionne au sommet, la moins forte en bas. Chaque niveau de la structure est lié aux autres par un système de promotion-relégation permettant ainsi potentiellement au plus petit club d'atteindre après une longue progression l'élite du football anglais. Les quatre premiers niveaux de la pyramide représentent le football professionnel, les autres le non-league football dont les niveaux 5 à 8 dépendent du National League et sont directement gérés par la fédération anglaise tandis que les divisions plus basses sont gérées à un niveau régional. Le nombre exact de clubs représentés varie chaque année mais on peut l'estimer à 7000.

Niveau

Ligues et divisions

1

Premier League
20 clubs – 3 relégations

2

EFL Championship
24 clubs – 3 promotions, 3 relégations

3

EFL League One
24 clubs – 3 promotions, 4 relégations

4

EFL League Two
24 clubs – 4 promotions, 2 relégations

5

National League
24 clubs – 2 promotions, 4 relégations

6

National League North
22 clubs – 2 promotions, 3 relégations

National League South
22 clubs – 2 promotions, 3 relégations

7

Northern Premier League Premier Division
24 clubs – 2 promotions, 4 relégations

Southern Football League Premier Division
24 clubs – 2 promotions, 4 relégations

Isthmian League Premier Division
24 clubs – 2 promotions, 4 relégations

8

Northern Premier League
Division One North

22 clubs – 2 promotions, 2 relégations

Northern Premier League
Division One South

22 clubs – 2 promotions, 2 relégations

Southern Football League
Division One Midlands

22 clubs – 2 promotions, 2 relégations

Southern Football League
Division One South & West

22 clubs – 2 promotions, 2 relégations

Isthmian League
Division One North

24 clubs – 2 promotions, 3 relégations

Isthmian League
Division One South

24 clubs – 2 promotions, 3 relégations

9

Combined Counties League Premier Division | Eastern Counties League Premier Division | Essex Senior League | Hellenic Football League| Hellenic League Premier Division | Midland Football League Premier Division | North West Counties League Premier Division | Northern Counties East League Premier Division | Northern League Division One | Southern Combination Football League Premier Division | Southern Counties East League Premier Division | Spartan South Midlands League Premier Division | United Counties League Premier Division | Wessex League Premier Division | Western League Premier Division |

10

Combined Counties League Division One | East Midlands Counties League | Eastern Counties League Division One | Hellenic League Division One East | Hellenic League Division One West | Midland Football League Division One | North West Counties League First Division | Northern Counties East League Division One | Northern League Division Two | South West Peninsula League Premier Division | Southern Combination Football League Division One | Southern Counties East League Division One | Spartan South Midlands League Division One | United Counties League Division One | Wessex League Division One | West Midlands (Regional) League Premier Division
Western League Division One |

11

Anglian Combination Premier Division | Bedfordshire County Football League Premier Division | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Premier Division | Central Midlands League North Division | Central Midlands League South Division | Cheshire Football League Premier Division | Dorset Premier League | Essex and Suffolk Border Football League|Essex and Suffolk Border League Premier Division | Essex Olympian League Premier Division | Gloucestershire County League | Hampshire Premier League Senior Division | Hertfordshire Senior County League Premier Division | Humber Premier League Premier Division | Kent County League Premier Division | Leicestershire Senior League Premier Division | Lincolnshire League | Liverpool County Premier League Premier Division | Manchester League Premier Division | Middlesex County Football League Premier Division | Midland Football League Division Two | Northamptonshire Combination Football League Premier Division | Northern Football Alliance Premier Division | Nottinghamshire Senior League Senior Division | Oxfordshire Senior League Premier Division | Peterborough and District Football League Premier Division | Sheffield & Hallamshire County Senior Football League Premier Division | Somerset County League Premier Division | South West Peninsula League Division One East | South West Peninsula League Division One West | Southern Combination Football League Division Two | Spartan South Midlands League Division Two | Staffordshire County Senior League Premier Division | Suffolk and Ipswich League Senior Division | Surrey Elite Intermediate Football League Intermediate Division | Teesside Football League Division One | Thames Valley Premier Football League Premier Division | Wearside League | West Cheshire League Division One | West Lancashire Football League Premier Division | West Midlands (Regional) League Division One | West Riding County Amateur League Premier Division | West Yorkshire League Premier Division | Wiltshire League Premier Division | York League Premier Division |

12

Aldershot & District League Senior Division | Anglian Combination Division One | Aylesbury and District League Premier Division | Bedfordshire County Football League Division One | Brighton, Worthing & District Football League Premier Division | Bristol Premier Combination Premier Division | Bristol and Suburban League Premier Division One | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Senior A Division | Central Midlands League Division One | Cheshire Football League League One | Cornwall Combination | Devon and Exeter Football League Premier Division | Dorset Football League Senior Division | Durham Alliance League | East Berkshire Football League Premier Division | East Cornwall League Premier Division | East Sussex Football League Premier Division | Essex Alliance Football League Premier Division | Essex and Suffolk Border League Division One | Essex Olympian League Senior Division One | Gloucester Northern Senior League Division One | Hampshire Premier League Division One | Hertfordshire Senior County League Division One | Humber Premier League Division One | Kent County League Division One East | Kent County League Division One West | Leicestershire Senior League Championship Division One | Liverpool County Premier League Division One | Manchester League Division One | Mid-Sussex Football League Premier Division | Middlesex County Football League Division One (Central & East) | Middlesex County Football League Division One (West) | Midland Football League Division Three | Midlands Regional Alliance Premier Division | North Berks Football League Division One | North Bucks and District League Premier Division | North Devon League Premier Division | Northamptonshire Combination Football League Division One | Northern Football Alliance Division One | Nottinghamshire Senior League Division One | Oxfordshire Senior League Division One | Peterborough and District Football League Division One | Plymouth and West Devon Football League Premier Division | Portsmouth Saturday Football League Premier Division | Salisbury & District (Saturday) League Premier Division | Sheffield & Hallamshire County Senior Football League Division One | Somerset County League Division One East | Somerset County League Division One West | South Devon League Premier Division | Staffordshire County Senior League Division One | Suffolk and Ipswich League Division One | Surrey County Intermediate League (Western) Premier Division | Surrey South Eastern Combination Intermediate Division One | Swindon & District Football League Premier Division | Thames Valley Premier Football League Division One | Trowbridge & District Football League Division One | West Cheshire League Division Two | West Lancashire Football League Division One | West Midlands (Regional) League Division Two | West Riding County Amateur League Division One | West Sussex League Premier Division | West Yorkshire League Division One | Wycombe and District League Premier Division | York League Senior Section |

13

Aldershot & District League Division One | Altrincham and District Amateur Football League Division One | Andover and District Football League | Anglian Combination Division Two | Aylesbury and District League Division One | Banbury District and Lord Jersey FA Premier Division | Basingstoke and District Football League Division One | Bedfordshire County Football League Division Two | Bournemouth Saturday League Premier Division | Brighton, Worthing & District Football League Division One East | Brighton, Worthing & District Football League Division One West | Bristol Premier Combination Premier Division One | Bristol and Suburban League Premier Division Two | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Senior B Division | Cheshire Football League League Two | Devon and Exeter Football League Division One | Doncaster and District Senior League | Dorset Football League Division One | Driffield and District League Premier Division | East Berkshire Football League Division One | East Cornwall League Division One | East Riding County League Premier Division | East Sussex Football League Division One | Essex Alliance Football League Division One | Essex and Suffolk Border League Division Two | Essex Olympian League Senior Division Two | Gloucester Northern Senior League Division Two | Hertford and District League Premier Division | Kent County League Division Two East | Kent County League Division Two West | Lancashire Amateur League Premier Division | Leicester and District League Premier Division | Liverpool County Premier League Division Two | Mercian Regional Football League Premier Division | Middlesex County Football League Division Two | Mid-Essex League Premier Division | Mid-Sussex Football League Championship | Midlands Regional Alliance Division One | North Berks Football League Division Two | North Bucks and District League Intermediate Division | North Devon League Senior Division | North Leicestershire League Premier Division | Northamptonshire Combination Football League Division Two | Northern Football Alliance Division Two | Nottinghamshire Senior League Division Two | Oxfordshire Senior League Division Two | Peterborough and District Football League Division Two | Plymouth and West Devon Football League Division One | Portsmouth Saturday Football League Division One | Sheffield & Hallamshire County Senior Football League Division Two | Somerset County Football League Division Two East | Somerset County Football League Division Two West | South Devon League Division One | Southampton Saturday Football League Premier Division | Southend Borough Combination Premier Division | Staffordshire County Senior League Division Two North | Staffordshire County Senior League Division Two South | Suffolk and Ipswich League Division Two | Surrey County Intermediate League (Western) Division One | Surrey South Eastern Combination Intermediate Division Two | Swindon & District Football League Division One | Thames Valley Premier Football League Division Two | Trelawny League Premier Division | Trowbridge & District Football League Division Two | West Cheshire League Division Three | West Lancashire Football League Division Two | West Riding County Amateur League Division Two | West Sussex League Division One | West Yorkshire Football League Division Two | Witney and District League Premier Division | Wycombe and District League Division One | York League Division Two |

14

Aldershot & District League Division Two | Altrincham and District Amateur Football League Division Two | Anglian Combination Division Three | Aylesbury and District League Division Two | Banbury District and Lord Jersey FA Division One | Basingstoke and District Football League Division Two | Bedfordshire County Football League Division Three | Bournemouth Saturday League Division One | Brighton, Worthing & District Football League Division Two West | Bristol and District League Senior Division | Bristol and Suburban Association Football League Division One | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Division One A | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Division One B | Cheltenham League Division One | Craven and District League Premier Division | Devon and Exeter Football League Division Two | Dorset Football League Division Two | Driffield and District League Division One | Duchy League Premier Division | East Berkshire Football League Division Two | East Riding County League Division One | East Sussex Football League Division Two | Essex Alliance Football League Division Two | Essex Olympian League Senior Division Three | Furness Premier League Premier Division | Guildford and Woking Alliance League Premier Division | Halifax and District League Premier Division | Harrogate and District League Premier Division | Hertford and District League Division One | Huddersfield and District Association Football League Division One | I Zingari Combination | Kent County League Division Three East | Kent County League Division Three West | Kingston and District Football League Premier Division | Lancashire Amateur League Division One | Leicester and District League Division One | Liverpool Old Boys' Amateur Football League| Liverpool Old Boys' League Division One | Mercian Regional Football League Division One | Mid-Essex League Division One | Mid-Somerset Football League Premier Division | Mid-Sussex Football League Division One | Midlands Regional Alliance Division Two | Newcastle Corinthians League Division One | North Berks Football League Division Three | North Bucks and District League Division One | North Devon League Intermediate Division One | North Gloucestershire League Premier Division | North Leicestershire League Division One | North Northumberland League Division One | Northamptonshire Combination Football League Division Three | Peterborough and District Football League Division Three | Perry Street and District League Premier Division | Redhill and District Football League Premier Division | South Devon League Division Two | Southampton Saturday Football League Senior Division One | Southend Borough Combination Division One | Spen Valley and District Football League Premier Division | Stroud and District League Division One | Suffolk and Ipswich League Division Three | Surrey South Eastern Combination Junior Division One | Taunton & District Saturday League Division One | Thames Valley Premier Football League Division Three | Trelawny League Division One | Tyneside Amateur League Division One | Wakefield and District League Premier Division | West Sussex League Division Two North | West Sussex League Division Two South | Weston-super-Mare and District Football League Division One | Wimbledon & District Football League Premier Division | Witney and District League Division One | Yeovil and District League Premier Division | York League Division Three | Yorkshire Amateur League Premier Division |

15

Anglian Combination Division Four | Aylesbury and District League Division Three | Banbury District and Lord Jersey FA Division Two | Bedfordshire County Football League Division Four | Bournemouth Saturday League Division Two | Bristol and District League Division One | Bristol and Suburban Association Football League Division Two | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Division Two A | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Division Two B | Cheltenham League Division Two | Cirencester and District League Division One | Colchester and East Essex Football League Premier Division | Craven and District League Division One | Devon and Exeter Football League Division Three | Dorset Football League Division Three | Duchy League Division One | East Berkshire Football League Division Three | East Riding County League Division Two | East Sussex Football League Division Three | Essex Alliance Football League Division Three | Essex Olympian League Senior Division Four | Furness Premier League Division One | Guildford and Woking Alliance League Division One | Halifax and District League Division One | Harrogate and District League Division One | Hertford and District League Division Two | Huddersfield and District Association Football League Division Two | Isle of Wight Saturday League Division One | Kingston and District Football League Division One | Lancashire Amateur League Division Two | Leicester and District League Division Two | Liverpool Old Boys' League Division Two | Mercian Regional Football League Division Two | Mid-Essex League Division Two | Mid-Somerset Football League Division One | Mid-Sussex Football League Division Two | Newcastle Corinthians League Division Two | North Berks Football League Division Four | North Bucks and District League Division Two | North Devon League Intermediate Division Two | North Gloucestershire League Division One | North Leicestershire League Division Two | North Northumberland League Division Two | Northampton Town and District Football League Premier Division | Northamptonshire Combination Football League Division Four | Plymouth and West Devon Football League Division Three | Perry Street and District League Division One | Peterborough and District Football League Division Four | Plymouth and West Devon Combination Football League Division Three | Redhill and District Football League Division One | Sevenoaks and District Football League Premier Division | South Devon League Division Three | Southampton Saturday Football League Junior Division One | Southend Borough Combination Division Two | Spen Valley and District Football League Division One | Stroud and District League Division Two | Suffolk and Ipswich League Division Four | Surrey South Eastern Combination Junior Division Two | Taunton & District Saturday League Division Two | Thames Valley Premier Football League Division Four | Trelawny League Division Two | Wakefield and District League Division One | West Sussex League Division Three North | West Sussex League Division Three South | Weston-super-Mare and District Football League Division Two | Wimbledon & District Football League Division One | Witney and District League Division Two | Yeovil and District League Division One | York League Division Four | Yorkshire Amateur League Championship Division |

16

Anglian Combination Division Five North | Anglian Combination Division Five South | Banbury District and Lord Jersey FA Division Three | Bournemouth Saturday League Division Three | Bristol and District League Division Two | Bristol and Suburban Association Football League Division Three | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Division Three A | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Division Three B | Cheltenham League Division Three | Cirencester and District League Division Two | Colchester and East Essex Football League Division One | Craven and District League Division Two | Devon and Exeter Football League Division Four | Dorset Football League Division Four | Duchy League Division Two | East Berkshire Football League Division Four | East Riding County League Division Three | East Sussex Football League Division Four | Essex Olympian League Senior Division Five | Furness Premier League Division Two | Guildford and Woking Alliance League Division Two | Halifax and District League Division Two | Harrogate and District League Division Two | Hertford and District League Division Three | Huddersfield and District Association Football League Division Three | Isle of Wight Saturday League Division Two | Kingston and District Football League Division Two | Lancashire Amateur League Division Three | Leicester and District League Division Three | Liverpool Old Boys' League Division Three | Mid-Essex League Division Three | Mid-Somerset Football League Division Two | Mid-Sussex Football League Division Three | North Berks Football League Division Five | North Gloucestershire League Division Two | North Leicestershire League Division Three | Northampton Town and District Football League Division One | Northamptonshire Combination Football League Division Five | Perry Street and District League Division Two | Peterborough and District Football League Division Five | Redhill and District Football League Division Two | South Devon League Division Four | Southampton Saturday Football League Junior Division Two | Southend Borough Combination Division Three | Stroud and District League Division Three | Suffolk and Ipswich League Division Five | Surrey South Eastern Combination Junior Division Three | Taunton & District Saturday League Division Three | Thames Valley Premier Football League Division Five | Trelawny League Division Three | Wakefield and District League Division Two | West Sussex League Division Four North | West Sussex League Division Four South | Weston-super-Mare and District Football League Division Three | Wimbledon & District Football League Division Two | Witney and District League Division Three | Yeovil and District League Division Two | Yorkshire Amateur League Division One |

17

Bournemouth Saturday League Division Four | Bristol and District League Division Three | Bristol and Suburban Association Football League Division Four | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Division Four A | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Division Four B | Cheltenham League Division Four | Colchester and East Essex Football League Division Two | Craven and District League Division Three | Devon and Exeter Football League Division Five | Dorset Football League Division Five | Duchy League Division Three | East Riding County League Division Four | East Sussex Football League Division Five | Guildford and Woking Alliance League Division Three | Huddersfield and District Association Football League Division Four | Isle of Wight Saturday League Division Three | Kingston and District Football League Division Three | Lancashire Amateur League Division Four | Liverpool Old Boys' League Division Four | Mid-Essex League Division Four | Mid-Somerset Football League Division Three | Mid-Sussex Football League Division Four | North Gloucestershire League Division Three | Northampton Town and District Football League Division Two | Perry Street and District League Division Three | Redhill and District Football League Division Three | South Devon League Division Five | Southampton Saturday Football League Junior Division Three | Stroud and District League Division Four | Suffolk and Ipswich League Division Six | Surrey South Eastern Combination Junior Division Four | Taunton & District Saturday League Division Four | Trelawny League Division Four | Wakefield and District League Division Three | West Sussex League Division Five North | West Sussex League Division Five South | Weston-super-Mare and District Football League Division Four | Wimbledon & District Football League Division Three | Witney and District League Division Four | Yeovil and District League Division Three | Yorkshire Amateur League Division Two |

18

Bristol and District League Division Four | Bristol and Suburban Association Football League Division Five | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Division Five A | Cambridgeshire Football Association County League Division Five B | Central and South Norfolk League Division One | Cheltenham League Division Five | Devon and Exeter Football League Division Six | Duchy League Division Four | East Riding County League Division Five | Guildford and Woking Alliance League Division Four | Lancashire Amateur League Division Five | Mid-Essex League Division Five | Mid-Sussex Football League Division Five | North Gloucestershire League Division Four | Redhill and District Football League Division Four | Southampton Saturday Football League Junior Division Four | St. Edmundsbury Football League Division One | Stroud and District League Division Five | Taunton & District Saturday League Division Five | Trelawny League Division Five | Weston-super-Mare and District Football League Division Five | Yorkshire Amateur League Division Three |

19

Bristol and District League Division Five | Central and South Norfolk League Division Two | Devon and Exeter Football League Division Seven | Duchy League Division Five | East Riding County League Division Six | Guildford and Woking Alliance League Division Five | Lancashire Amateur League Division Six | Mid-Sussex Football League Division Six | St. Edmundsbury Football League Division Two | Stroud and District League Division Six | Yorkshire Amateur League Division Four |

20

Bristol and Avon League | Central and South Norfolk League Division Three | Devon and Exeter Football League Division Eight | Mid-Sussex Football League Division Seven | St. Edmundsbury Football League Division Three | Stroud and District League Division Seven | Yorkshire Amateur League Division Five

21

Central and South Norfolk League Division Four | Devon and Exeter Football League Division Nine | Mid-Sussex Football League Division Eight | Yorkshire Amateur League Division Six

22

Mid-Sussex Football League Division Nine

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