Liste des étoiles les plus massives

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Cet article contient la liste des étoiles les plus massives actuellement connues par ordre décroissant de masse.

Nom de l'étoile Masse solaire
R136a1 265-320[1]
Étoile de la nébuleuse pivoine 175
HD 269810 150
Eta Carinae 150-300
HD 93129A 125
Étoile du Pistolet 80-150
LBV 1806-20 130-200
HD 93129 A + B[2],[3] A=120, B=80
HD 93250 118
NGC 3603 A1 A=116, B=89
Pismis 24-1 A + B[4],[5] A=100–120, B=100
Amas des Arches[6],[7],[8] Nombreuses étoiles, 100–130
Pismis 24-17[5] 100
S Doradus 100
Cygnus OB2-12 92
WR 20 a + b[9]
Melnick 42[10],[11],[12] 80–100
HD 97950[13],[14] 80
Sk-71 51[15] 80
R 66 70
Compagne de M33 X-7[16] 70
LH54-425 A + B[17] A=62, B=37
Var 83 dans M33[18] 60–85
Sher 25 dans NGC 3603[19] 60
Zeta1 Scorpii[20] 60
Zeta Puppis[21] 59
WR 22[22] 55–74
Plaskett A + B[23],[24] A=43, B=51
AG Carinae 50
WR 102c[25] 45–55
IRS-8*[26] 44.5
HD 5980 A + B[27],[28],[29] A=40–62, B=30
Epsilon Orionis 40
HD 148937[30],[31] 40
IRAS 05423-7120[15] 40
Rho Cassiopeiae 40
Theta1 Orionis C 40
Xi Persei[32] 40
Compagne de NGC 300 X-1[33] 38
Amas R136a 12 étoiles, toutes 37–76
Chi2 Orionis[34] 35–40
Compagne de IC 10 X-1[35] 35
VY Canis Majoris[36],[37] 30–40
Gamma Velorum A 30
P Cygni 30
R 126 30
Zeta Orionis 28
IRS 15[38] 26
VV Cephei 25–40
Alpha Camelopardalis[39],[40] 25–30
6 Cassiopeiae[41],[42] 25
EZ Canis Majoris 25
KY Cygni[43] 25
Mu Cephei 25
V509 Cassiopeiae 25
NGC 7538 S[44] 20–40
Bételgeuse 20
S Monocerotis A[45] 18–30
WR 47 8–48

Liens internes[modifier | modifier le code]

Références[modifier | modifier le code]

  1. Paul A. Crowther et al (2010) "The R136 star cluster hosts several stars whose individual masses greatly exceed the accepted 150 Msun stellar mass limit", accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Available at arXiv:1007.3284v1 [1]. Advertised in ESO Press Release 1030 [2]
  2. HD 93129A
  3. Big and Giant Stars: HD 93129
  4. HDE 319718 (Pis 24-1) and the Pismis 24 Cluster
  5. a et b http://spacespin.org/article.php/hubble-massive-star-system-pismis-24-1
  6. Massive Stars in the Arches Cluster
  7. Hubble Weighs In On The Heaviest Stars In The Galaxy
  8. [0711.0657] The most massive stars in the Arches cluster
  9. http://www.eso.org/public/outreach/press-rel/pr-2008/pr-37-08.html
  10. http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/1991/91-008.txt
  11. Energy Citations Database (ECD) - - Document #5225537
  12. Big and Giant Stars: Melnick 42
  13. Big and Giant Stars: HD 97950
  14. Quantitative spectroscopy of Wolf-Rayet stars in HD97950 and R136a - the cores o
  15. a et b The Blob, the Very Rare Massive Star and the Two Populations - Striking Image of Nebula N214C taken with ESO's NTT at La Silla | SpaceRef - Your Space Reference
  16. NASA - Heaviest Stellar Black Hole Discovered in Nearby Galaxy
  17. Big and Giant Stars: LH54-425
  18. Big and Giant Stars: Var 83
  19. Big and Giant Stars: Sher 25
  20. http://www.astro.uiuc.edu/~kaler/sow/zeta1sco.html
  21. http://www.astro.uiuc.edu/~kaler/sow/naos.html
  22. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1995LIACo..32..463R
  23. Big and Giant Stars: Plaskett's Star
  24. Plaskett's Star
  25. http://www.astro.physik.uni-potsdam.de/abstracts/spitzer-andreas.html
  26. Does IRS-8 contain the youngest and most massive star in the Galactic Center? | Gemini Observatory
  27. Big and Giant Stars: HD 5980
  28. ESA - Space Science - First X-ray detection of a colliding-wind binary beyond the Milky Way
  29. http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMPYIO2UXE_index_0.html
  30. http://www.gemini.edu/node/188
  31. http://jumk.de/astronomie/big-stars/hd-148937.shtml
  32. http://www.astro.uiuc.edu/~kaler/sow/menkib.html
  33. http://arxiv.org/abs/0705.1544
  34. http://www.astro.uiuc.edu/~kaler/sow/chi2ori.html
  35. http://hera.ph1.uni-koeln.de/~heintzma/Spectra/WR_1.htm
  36. http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/V/VY_Canis_Majoris.html
  37. http://jumk.de/astronomie/big-stars/vy-canis-majoris.shtml
  38. A Remnant Disk around a Young Massive Star
  39. http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap061124.html
  40. http://www.astro.uiuc.edu/~kaler/sow/alphacam.html
  41. http://www.astro.uiuc.edu/~kaler/sow/6cas.html
  42. http://jumk.de/astronomie/big-stars/6-cassiopeiae.shtml
  43. http://jumk.de/astronomie/big-stars/ky-cygni.shtml
  44. Witnessing the birth of a massive star
  45. http://www.astro.uiuc.edu/~kaler/sow/15mon.html