Liste des municipalités du Maine

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L'État américain du Maine est divisé en 487 municipalités, qui ont le statut de city, de town ou de plantation[1].

Statut et fonctionnement[modifier | modifier le code]

Le statut d'une municipalité (city, town ou plantation) dépend principalement de ses conditions de création. Par exemple, les cities sont créées par une loi de la Législature du Maine[1].

Les municipalités du Maine sont compétentes pour la construction et l'entretien des routes, le traitement des déchets, l'eau et l'assainissement, la police et la lutte contre les incendies, l'urbanisme, l'aide sociale ainsi que l'école maternelle et primaire[2]. Le pouvoir exécutif est détenu par un board of selectmen dans les towns et par un board of assessors dans les plantations[1].

Environ 40 % du territoire du Maine se trouve en dehors des municipalités[1]. Dans ces territoires non-organisés (Unorganized Territory), les services administratifs sont fournis par le comté en association avec l'État[3]. Depuis les années 2000, face à un vieillissement de leur population, de plus en plus de petites municipalités cherchent à se désincorporer et à rejoindre ces zones, notamment pour réduire les taxes locales[3]. C'est par exemple le cas de Centerville en 2004, Bancroft en 2015[3], ou encore Cary en 2019[4].

Liste[modifier | modifier le code]

Sommaire: haut - 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Liste des municipalités de l'État du Maine
Nom Type[5] Comté[5] Population
(2010)[5]
Abbot Town Piscataquis 698
Acton Town York 2 561
Addison Town Washington 1 234
Albion Town Kennebec 2 032
Alexander Town Washington 486
Alfred Town York 3 055
Allagash Town Aroostook 225
Alna Town Lincoln 715
Alton Town Penobscot 866
Amherst Town Hancock 263
Amity Town Aroostook 227
Andover Town Oxford 804
Anson Town Somerset 2 452
Appleton Town Knox 1 348
Arrowsic Town Sagadahoc 440
Arundel Town York 4 167
Ashland Town Aroostook 1 234
Athens Town Somerset 1 007
Atkinson Town Piscataquis 315
Auburn City Androscoggin 23 055
Augusta City Kennebec 19 136
Aurora Town Hancock 113
Avon Town Franklin 453
Baileyville Town Washington 1 456
Baldwin Town Cumberland 1 587
Bangor City Penobscot 33 039
Bar Harbor Town Hancock 5 321
Baring Plantation Plantation Washington 251
Bath City Sagadahoc 8 514
Beals Town Washington 494
Beaver Cove Town Piscataquis 117
Beddington Town Washington 48
Belfast City Waldo 6 668
Belgrade Town Kennebec 3 115
Belmont Town Waldo 921
Benton Town Kennebec 2 654
Berwick Town York 7 514
Bethel Town Oxford 2 644
Biddeford City York 21 277
Bingham Town Somerset 881
Blaine Town Aroostook 690
Blue Hill Town Hancock 2 664
Boothbay Town Lincoln 3 074
Boothbay Harbor Town Lincoln 2 158
Bowdoin Town Sagadahoc 3 108
Bowdoinham Town Sagadahoc 2 915
Bowerbank Town Piscataquis 113
Bradford Town Penobscot 1 257
Bradley Town Penobscot 1 477
Bremen Town Lincoln 793
Brewer City Penobscot 9 482
Bridgewater Town Aroostook 583
Bridgton Town Cumberland 5 372
Brighton Plantation Plantation Somerset 70
Bristol Town Lincoln 2 714
Brooklin Town Hancock 816
Brooks Town Waldo 1 091
Brooksville Town Hancock 925
Brownfield Town Oxford 1 606
Brownville Town Piscataquis 1 198
Brunswick Town Cumberland 20 495
Buckfield Town Oxford 1 996
Bucksport Town Hancock 4 926
Burlington Town Penobscot 418
Burnham Town Waldo 1 178
Buxton Town York 8 149
Byron Town Oxford 144
Calais City Washington 3 123
Cambridge Town Somerset 447
Camden Town Knox 4 860
Canaan Town Somerset 2 241
Canton Town Oxford 978
Cape Elizabeth Town Cumberland 9 304
Caratunk Town Somerset 67
Caribou City Aroostook 8 189
Carmel Town Penobscot 2 786
Carrabassett Valley Town Franklin 773
Carroll Plantation Plantation Penobscot 153
Carthage Town Franklin 551
Casco Town Cumberland 3 880
Castine Town Hancock 1 373
Castle Hill Town Aroostook 398
Caswell Town Aroostook 287
Chapman Town Aroostook 447
Charleston Town Penobscot 1 388
Charlotte Town Washington 318
Chebeage Island Town Cumberland 349
Chelsea Town Kennebec 2 679
Cherryfield Town Washington 1 172
Chester Town Penobscot 537
Chesterville Town Franklin 1 330
China Town Kennebec 4 227
Clifton Town Penobscot 908
Clinton Town Kennebec 3 322
Codyville Plantation Plantation Washington 24
Columbia Town Washington 466
Columbia Falls Town Washington 537
Cooper Town Washington 148
Coplin Plantation Plantation Franklin 166
Corinna Town Penobscot 2 176
Corinth Town Penobscot 2 828
Cornish Town York 1 412
Cornville Town Somerset 1 326
Cranberry Isles Town Hancock 139
Crawford Town Washington 98
Crystal Town Aroostook 257
Cumberland Town Cumberland 7 714
Cushing Town Knox 1 515
Cutler Town Washington 492
Cyr Plantation Plantation Aroostook 103
Dallas Plantation Plantation Franklin 309
Damariscotta Town Lincoln 2 214
Danforth Town Washington 576
Dayton Town York 2 014
Deblois Town Washington 55
Dedham Town Hancock 1 683
Deer Isle Town Hancock 1 952
Denmark Town Oxford 1 143
Dennistown Plantation Somerset 33
Dennysville Town Washington 328
Detroit Town Somerset 824
Dexter Town Penobscot 3 794
Dixfield Town Oxford 2 476
Dixmont Town Penobscot 1 149
Dover-Foxcroft Town Piscataquis 4 038
Dresden Town Lincoln 1 639
Drew Plantation Plantation Penobscot 46
Durham Town Androscoggin 3 920
Dyer Brook Town Aroostook 200
Eagle Lake Town Aroostook 826
East Machias Town Washington 1 309
East Millinocket Town Penobscot 1 673
Eastbrook Town Hancock 421
Easton Town Aroostook 1 221
Eastport City Washington 1 331
Eddington Town Penobscot 2 225
Edgecomb Town Lincoln 1 230
Edinburg Town Penobscot 129
Eliot Town York 6 335
Ellsworth City Hancock 7 741
Embden Town Somerset 938
Enfield Town Penobscot 1 571
Etna Town Penobscot 1 222
Eustis Town Franklin 608
Exeter Town Penobscot 1 076
Fairfield Town Somerset 6 542
Falmouth Town Cumberland 11 988
Farmingdale Town Kennebec 2 877
Farmington Town Franklin 7 456
Fayette Town Kennebec 1 124
Fort Fairfield Town Aroostook 3 356
Fort Kent Town Aroostook 3 965
Frankfort Town Waldo 1 141
Franklin Town Hancock 1 505
Freedom Town Waldo 729
Freeport Town Cumberland 8 316
Frenchboro Town Hancock 61
Frenchville Town Aroostook 1 037
Friendship Town Knox 1 144
Frye Island Town Cumberland 5
Fryeburg Town Oxford 3 395
Gardiner City Kennebec 5 800
Garfield Plantation Plantation Aroostook 81
Garland Town Penobscot 1 079
Georgetown Town Sagadahoc 1 045
Gilead Town Oxford 206
Glenburn Town Penobscot 4 590
Glenwood Plantation Aroostook 3
Gorham Town Cumberland 17 181
Gouldsboro Town Hancock 1 739
Grand Isle Town Aroostook 446
Grand Lake Stream Plantation Washington 109
Gray Town Cumberland 8 044
Great Pond Town Hancock 58
Greenbush Town Penobscot 1 500
Greene Town Androscoggin 4 356
Greenville Town Piscataquis 1 593
Greenwood Town Oxford 833
Guilford Town Piscataquis 1 489
Hallowell City Kennebec 2 381
Hamlin Town Aroostook 210
Hammond Town Aroostook 113
Hampden Town Penobscot 7 388
Hancock Town Hancock 2 382
Hanover Town Oxford 252
Harmony Town Somerset 928
Harpswell Town Cumberland 4 872
Harrington Town Washington 963
Harrison Town Cumberland 2 804
Hartford Town Oxford 1 192
Hartland Town Somerset 1 719
Haynesville Town Aroostook 116
Hebron Town Oxford 1 401
Hermon Town Penobscot 5 799
Hersey Town Aroostook 79
Highland Plantation Plantation Somerset 73
Hiram Town Oxford 1 606
Hodgdon Town Aroostook 1 286
Holden Town Penobscot 3 077
Hollis Town York 4 454
Hope Town Knox 1 671
Houlton Town Aroostook 5 882
Howland Town Penobscot 1 204
Hudson Town Penobscot 1 520
Industry Town Franklin 910
Island Falls Town Aroostook 805
Isle Au Haut Town Knox 72
Islesboro Town Waldo 567
Jackman Town Somerset 853
Jackson Town Waldo 556
Jay Town Franklin 4 766
Jefferson Town Lincoln 2 384
Jonesboro Town Washington 573
Jonesport Town Washington 1 324
Kenduskeag Town Penobscot 1 339
Kennebunk Town York 11 209
Kennebunkport Town York 3 567
Kingfield Town Franklin 963
Kingsbury Plantation Plantation Piscataquis 28
Kittery Town York 9 653
Knox Town Waldo 805
Lagrange Town Penobscot 689
Lake View Plantation Plantation Piscataquis 89
Lakeville Town Penobscot 103
Lamoine Town Hancock 1 647
Lebanon Town York 6 120
Lee Town Penobscot 899
Leeds Town Androscoggin 2 299
Levant Town Penobscot 2 975
Lewiston City Androscoggin 36 592
Liberty Town Waldo 929
Limerick Town York 2 913
Limestone Town Aroostook 2 219
Limington Town York 3 752
Lincoln Town Penobscot 5 031
Lincoln Plantation Plantation Oxford 45
Lincolnville Town Waldo 2 223
Linneus Town Aroostook 933
Lisbon Town Androscoggin 8 853
Litchfield Town Kennebec 3 567
Littleton Town Aroostook 1 014
Livermore Town Androscoggin 2 108
Livermore Falls Town Androscoggin 3 129
Long Island Town Cumberland 238
Lovell Town Oxford 1 133
Lowell Town Penobscot 362
Lubec Town Washington 1 296
Ludlow Town Aroostook 379
Lyman Town York 4 384
Machias Town Washington 2 116
Machiasport Town Washington 1 079
Macwahoc Plantation Aroostook 79
Madawaska Town Aroostook 3 839
Madison Town Somerset 4 680
Magalloway Plantation Plantation Oxford 46
Manchester Town Kennebec 2 528
Mapleton Town Aroostook 1 870
Mariaville Town Hancock 524
Mars Hill Town Aroostook 1 432
Marshfield Town Washington 508
Masardis Town Aroostook 238
Matinicus Isle Plantation Knox 74
Mattawamkeag Town Penobscot 667
Maxfield Town Penobscot 102
Mechanic Falls Town Androscoggin 2 997
Meddybemps Town Washington 151
Medford Town Piscataquis 255
Medway Town Penobscot 1 326
Mercer Town Somerset 659
Merrill Town Aroostook 263
Mexico Town Oxford 2 604
Milbridge Town Washington 1 294
Milford Town Penobscot 3 007
Millinocket Town Penobscot 4 359
Milo Town Piscataquis 2 257
Minot Town Androscoggin 2 586
Monhegan Plantation Lincoln 69
Monmouth Town Kennebec 4 025
Monroe Town Waldo 902
Monson Town Piscataquis 659
Monticello Town Aroostook 753
Montville Town Waldo 1 047
Moose River Town Somerset 216
Moro Plantation Aroostook 38
Morrill Town Waldo 888
Moscow Town Somerset 506
Mount Chase Town Penobscot 198
Mount Desert Town Hancock 2 070
Mount Vernon Town Kennebec 1 635
Naples Town Cumberland 3 976
Nashville Plantation Plantation Aroostook 46
New Canada Town Aroostook 313
New Gloucester Town Cumberland 5 679
New Limerick Town Aroostook 484
New Portland Town Somerset 710
New Sharon Town Franklin 1 397
New Sweden Town Aroostook 584
New Vineyard Town Franklin 775
Newburgh Town Penobscot 1 520
Newcastle Town Lincoln 1 714
Newfield Town York 1 568
Newport Town Penobscot 3 232
Newry Town Oxford 348
Nobleboro Town Lincoln 1 614
Norridgewock Town Somerset 3 324
North Berwick Town York 4 656
North Haven Town Knox 353
North Yarmouth Town Cumberland 3 740
Northfield Town Washington 142
Northport Town Waldo 1 554
Norway Town Oxford 4 927
Oakfield Town Aroostook 701
Oakland Town Kennebec 6 138
Ogunquit Town York 912
Old Orchard Beach Town York 8 776
Old Town City Penobscot 7 840
Orient Town Aroostook 141
Orland Town Hancock 2 205
Orono Town Penobscot 10 700
Orrington Town Penobscot 3 692
Osborn Town Hancock 67
Otis Town Hancock 668
Otisfield Town Oxford 1 762
Owls Head Town Knox 1 598
Oxbow Plantation Aroostook 66
Oxford Town Oxford 4 046
Palermo Town Waldo 1 542
Palmyra Town Somerset 1 929
Paris Town Oxford 5 100
Parkman Town Piscataquis 825
Parsonsfield Town York 1 921
Passadumkeag Town Penobscot 360
Patten Town Penobscot 994
Pembroke Town Washington 792
Penobscot Town Hancock 1 251
Perham Town Aroostook 367
Perry Town Washington 935
Peru Town Oxford 1 509
Phillips Town Franklin 1 008
Phippsburg Town Sagadahoc 2 231
Pittsfield Town Somerset 4 077
Pittston Town Kennebec 2 604
Pleasant Ridge Plantation Plantation Somerset 93
Plymouth Town Penobscot 1 361
Poland Town Androscoggin 5 523
Portage Lake Town Aroostook 376
Porter Town Oxford 1 490
Portland City Cumberland 66 194
Pownal Town Cumberland 1 522
Presque Isle City Aroostook 9 692
Princeton Town Washington 792
Prospect Town Waldo 719
Randolph Town Kennebec 1 699
Rangeley Town Franklin 1 153
Rangeley Plantation Plantation Franklin 189
Raymond Town Cumberland 4 526
Readfield Town Kennebec 2 520
Reed Plantation (Wytopitlock) Plantation Aroostook 161
Richmond Town Sagadahoc 3 396
Ripley Town Somerset 476
Robbinston Town Washington 551
Rockland City Knox 7 297
Rockport Town Knox 3 381
Rome Town Kennebec 991
Roque Bluffs Town Washington 290
Roxbury Town Oxford 360
Rumford Town Oxford 5 676
Sabattus Town Androscoggin 5 011
Saco City York 18 482
Saint Agatha Town Aroostook 719
Saint Albans Town Somerset 1 973
Saint Francis Town Aroostook 456
Saint George Town Knox 2 593
Saint John Plantation Plantation Aroostook 267
Sandy River Plantation Plantation Franklin 133
Sanford Town York 20 798
Sangerville Town Piscataquis 1 285
Scarborough Town Cumberland 19 691
Searsmont Town Waldo 1 406
Searsport Town Waldo 2 626
Sebago Town Cumberland 1 781
Sebec Town Piscataquis 603
Seboeis Plantation Plantation Penobscot 35
Sedgwick Town Hancock 1 182
Shapleigh Town York 2 700
Sherman Town Aroostook 805
Shirley Town Piscataquis 224
Sidney Town Kennebec 4 216
Skowhegan Town Somerset 8 478
Smithfield Town Somerset 999
Smyrna Town Aroostook 427
Solon Town Somerset 1 045
Somerville Town Lincoln 553
Sorrento Town Hancock 272
South Berwick Town York 7 415
South Bristol Town Lincoln 888
South Portland City Cumberland 25 002
Southport Town Lincoln 589
South Thomaston Town Knox 1 610
Southwest Harbor Town Hancock 1 772
Springfield Town Penobscot 419
Stacyville Town Penobscot 389
Standish Town Cumberland 10 139
Starks Town Somerset 629
Stetson Town Penobscot 1 203
Steuben Town Washington 1 104
Stockholm Town Aroostook 242
Stockton Springs Town Waldo 1 608
Stoneham Town Oxford 236
Stonington Town Hancock 1 031
Stow Town Oxford 418
Strong Town Franklin 1 191
Sullivan Town Hancock 1 249
Sumner Town Oxford 940
Surry Town Hancock 1 459
Swans Island Town Hancock 330
Swanville Town Waldo 1 373
Sweden Town Oxford 394
Talmadge Town Washington 61
Temple Town Franklin 516
The Forks Plantation Plantation Somerset 37
Thomaston Town Knox 2 776
Thorndike Town Waldo 892
Topsfield Town Washington 227
Topsham Town Sagadahoc 8 751
Tremont Town Hancock 1 596
Trenton Town Hancock 1 529
Troy Town Waldo 1 037
Turner Town Androscoggin 5 748
Union Town Knox 2 239
Unity Town Waldo 2 086
Upton Town Oxford 111
Van Buren Town Aroostook 2 058
Vanceboro Town Washington 134
Vassalboro Town Kennebec 4 247
Veazie Town Penobscot 1 865
Verona Island Town Hancock 540
Vienna Town Kennebec 569
Vinalhaven Town Knox 1 151
Wade Town Aroostook 270
Waite Town Washington 97
Waldo Town Waldo 842
Waldoboro Town Lincoln 4 972
Wales Town Androscoggin 1 630
Wallagrass Town Aroostook 527
Waltham Town Hancock 344
Warren Town Knox 4 704
Washburn Town Aroostook 1 595
Washington Town Knox 1 523
Waterboro Town York 7 774
Waterford Town Oxford 1 552
Waterville City Kennebec 15 722
Wayne Town Kennebec 1 150
Webster Plantation Plantation Penobscot 85
Weld Town Franklin 411
Wellington Town Piscataquis 245
Wells Town York 10 073
Wesley Town Washington 94
West Bath Town Sagadahoc 1 893
West Forks Plantation Somerset 60
West Gardiner Town Kennebec 3 365
West Paris Town Oxford 1 817
Westbrook City Cumberland 17 494
Westfield Town Aroostook 520
Westmanland Town Aroostook 59
Weston Town Aroostook 218
Westport Island Town Lincoln 716
Whitefield Town Lincoln 2 281
Whiting Town Washington 478
Whitneyville Town Washington 211
Willimantic Town Piscataquis 142
Wilton Town Franklin 3 952
Windham Town Cumberland 17 816
Windsor Town Kennebec 2 538
Winn Town Penobscot 408
Winslow Town Kennebec 7 551
Winter Harbor Town Hancock 515
Winterport Town Waldo 3 811
Winterville Plantation Plantation Aroostook 224
Winthrop Town Kennebec 5 921
Wiscasset Town Lincoln 3 652
Woodland Town Aroostook 1 157
Woodstock Town Oxford 1 263
Woodville Town Penobscot 246
Woolwich Town Sagadahoc 3 065
Yarmouth Town Cumberland 8 543
York Town York 12 862

Notes et références[modifier | modifier le code]

  1. a b c et d (en) Bureau du recensement des États-Unis, « Governments --Individual State Descriptions » [PDF], sur census.gov (consulté le 19 décembre 2017), p. 185. Note : le document indique 488 municipalité, puisqu'il date d'avant la désincorporation de Cary en 2019.
  2. (en) « Local », sur maine.gov (consulté le 19 décembre 2017).
  3. a b et c (en) Jess Bidgood, « In Maine, Local Control Is a Luxury Fewer Towns Can Afford », sur nytimes.com, (consulté le 19 décembre 2017).
  4. (en) « Cary Plantation to de-organize », sur wagmtv.com, (consulté le 21 août 2019).
  5. a b et c (en) Bureau du recensement des États-Unis, « Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision 2010 Census Summary File 1 », sur factfinder.census.gov (consulté le 19 décembre 2017).