Liste des municipalités du Connecticut

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L'État américain du Connecticut est divisé en 169 municipalités, regroupées en huit comtés.

Statut[modifier | modifier le code]

Les municipalités du Connecticut peuvent être des cities, des towns ou des boroughs. Tout le territoire du Connecticut est divisé en towns, à l'exception des cities (sauf Groton) et du borough de Naugatuck, où les gouvernements des deux entités ont fusionnés. Les autres boroughs et la city de Groton disposent d'un gouvernement propre, différent de celui de la town dans laquelle ils se trouvent[1], mais restent dépendant de la town pour un certain nombre de compétences[2]. Au XIXe siècle, les boroughs permettaient au centre des municipalités, souvent plus riches, d'avoir un plus grand contrôle sur les affaires locales[3].

Depuis le , les comtés du Connecticut ne sont plus une collectivité ; leurs pouvoirs ont été transférés à l'État ou aux towns[1].

Liste des municipalités[modifier | modifier le code]

Liste des municipalités de l'État du Connecticut
Nom Type Comté Superficie[4]
(en km²)
Population[4]
(2010)
Forme de
gouvernement
Création
Andover Town Tolland 40,04 3 303 Town meeting 1848
Ansonia City New Haven 15,62 19 249 Mayor-council 1889
Ashford Town Windham 100,47 4 100 Town meeting 1714
Avon Town Hartford 59,88 18 098 Council-manager 1830
Bantam Borough Litchfield 2,62 759 Town de Litchfield 1915
Barkhamsted Town Litchfield 93,81 3 620 Town meeting 1779
Beacon Falls Town New Haven 25,33 6 049 Town meeting 1871
Berlin Town Hartford 68,51 19 866 Council-manager 1785
Bethany Town New Haven 54,31 5 563 Town meeting 1832
Bethel Town Fairfield 43,49 18 584 Town meeting 1855
Bethlehem Town Litchfield 50,14 3 607 Town meeting 1787
Bloomfield Town Hartford 67,37 20 486 Council-manager 1835
Bolton Town Tolland 37,32 4 980 Town meeting 1720
Bozrah Town New London 51,72 2 627 Town meeting 1786
Branford Town New Haven 56,93 28 026 Representative town meeting 1685
Bridgeport City Fairfield 41,44 144 229 Mayor-council 1821
Bridgewater Town Litchfield 42,04 1 727 Town meeting 1856
Bristol City Hartford 68,66 60 477 Mayor-council 1785
Brookfield Town Fairfield 51,28 16 452 Town meeting 1788
Brooklyn Town Windham 75,03 8 210 Town meeting 1786
Burlington Town Hartford 77,18 9 301 Town meeting 1806
Canaan Town Litchfield 85,34 1 234 Town meeting 1739
Canterbury Town Windham 103,34 5 132 Town meeting 1703
Canton Town Hartford 63,64 10 292 Town meeting 1806
Chaplin Town Windham 50,32 2 305 Town meeting 1822
Cheshire Town New Haven 85,24 29 261 Council-manager 1780
Chester Town Middlesex 41,52 3 994 Town meeting 1836
Clinton Town Middlesex 42,17 13 260 Town meeting 1838
Colchester Town New London 127,06 16 068 Town meeting 1698
Colebrook Town Litchfield 81,51 1 485 Town meeting 1779
Columbia Town Tolland 55,32 5 485 Town meeting 1804
Cornwall Town Litchfield 119,17 1 420 Town meeting 1740
Coventry Town Tolland 97,69 12 435 Council-manager 1712
Cromwell Town Middlesex 32,09 14 005 Town meeting 1851
Danbury City Fairfield 109,06 80 893 Mayor-council 1687
Danielson Borough Windham 3,00 4 051 Town de Killingly 1854
Darien Town Fairfield 33,31 20 732 Representative town meeting 1820
Deep River Town Middlesex 35,09 4 629 Town meeting 1635
Derby City New Haven 12,90 12 902 Mayor-council 1675
Durham Town Middlesex 61,12 7 388 Town meeting 1708
East Granby Town Hartford 45,27 5 148 Town meeting 1858
East Haddam Town Middlesex 140,71 9 126 Town meeting 1734
East Hampton Town Middlesex 92,18 12 959 Council-manager 1767
East Hartford Town Hartford 46,67 51 252 Mayor-council 1783
East Haven Town New Haven 31,75 29 257 Mayor-council 1785
East Lyme Town New London 88,14 19 159 Town meeting 1839
East Windsor Town Hartford 68,09 11 162 Town meeting 1768
Eastford Town Windham 74,82 1 749 Town meeting 1847
Easton Town Fairfield 71,02 7 490 Town meeting 1845
Ellington Town Tolland 88,19 15 602 Town meeting 1786
Enfield Town Hartford 86,45 44 654 Council-manager 1683
Essex Town Middlesex 26,83 6 683 Town meeting 1852
Fairfield Town Fairfield 77,78 59 404 Representative town meeting 1666
Farmington Town Hartford 72,68 25 340 Council-manager 1645
Fenwick Borough Middlesex 1,01 43 Town d'Old Saybrook 1899
Franklin Town New London 50,53 1 922 Town meeting 1786
Glastonbury Town Hartford 133,05 34 427 Council-manager 1690
Goshen Town Litchfield 113,08 2 976 Town meeting 1739
Granby Town Hartford 105,39 11 282 Council-manager 1786
Greenwich Town Fairfield 123,88 61 171 Representative town meeting 1665
Griswold Town New London 90,52 11 951 Town meeting 1815
Groton Town New London 81,07 40 115 Representative town meeting 1705
Groton City New London 17,51 10 389 Town de Groton 1964
Guilford Town New Haven 121,86 22 375 Town meeting 1639
Haddam Town Middlesex 114,04 8 346 Town meeting 1662
Hamden Town New Haven 84,90 60 960 Mayor-council 1786
Hampton Town Windham 64,75 1 863 Town meeting 1786
Hartford City Hartford 44,83 124 775 Mayor-council 1635
Hartland Town Hartford 85,55 2 114 Town meeting 1761
Harwinton Town Litchfield 79,64 5 642 Town meeting 1737
Hebron Town Tolland 95,57 9 686 Town meeting 1708
Jewett City Borough New London 1,92 3 487 Town de Griswold 1895
Kent Town Litchfield 125,54 2 979 Town meeting 1739
Killingly Town Windham 125,67 17 370 Council-manager 1708
Killingworth Town Middlesex 91,50 6 525 Town meeting 1667
Lebanon Town New London 140,14 7 308 Town meeting 1700
Ledyard Town New London 98,78 15 051 Mayor-council 1836
Lisbon Town New London 42,11 4 338 Town meeting 1786
Litchfield Town Litchfield 145,19 8 466 Town meeting 1719
Litchfield Borough Litchfield 3,55 1 258 Town de Litchfield 1879
Lyme Town New London 82,49 2 406 Town meeting 1667
Madison Town New Haven 93,76 18 269 Town meeting 1826
Manchester Town Hartford 70,60 58 241 Council-manager 1823
Mansfield Town Tolland 115,15 26 543 Council-manager 1702
Marlborough Town Hartford 60,29 6 404 Town meeting 1803
Meriden City New Haven 61,51 60 868 Council-manager 1806
Middlebury Town New Haven 45,97 7 575 Town meeting 1807
Middlefield Town Middlesex 32,89 4 425 Town meeting 1866
Middletown City Middlesex 105,93 47 648 Mayor-council 1651
Milford City New Haven 58,43 52 759 Mayor-council 1639
Monroe Town Fairfield 67,68 19 479 Town meeting 1823
Montville Town New London 108,83 19 571 Mayor-council 1786
Morris Town Litchfield 44,52 2 388 Town meeting 1859
Naugatuck Borough New Haven 42,45 31 862 Mayor-council 1844
New Britain City Hartford 34,55 73 206 Mayor-council 1850
New Canaan Town Fairfield 57,32 19 738 Mayor-council 1801
New Fairfield Town Fairfield 52,99 13 881 Town meeting 1740
New Hartford Town Litchfield 95,91 6 970 Town meeting 1738
New Haven City New Haven 48,82 129 779 Mayor-council 1638
New London City New London 14,35 27 620 Mayor-council 1646
New Milford Town Litchfield 159,52 28 142 Mayor-council 1712
Newington Town Hartford 34,14 30 562 Council-manager 1871
Newtown Town Fairfield 149,60 27 560 Town meeting 1711
Newtown Borough Fairfield 5,98 1 941 Town de Newtown 1824
Norfolk Town Litchfield 117,35 1 709 Town meeting 1758
North Branford Town New Haven 64,54 14 407 Council-manager 1831
North Canaan Town Litchfield 50,38 3 315 Town meeting 1858
North Haven Town New Haven 53,79 24 093 Town meeting 1786
North Stonington Town New London 140,66 5 297 Town meeting 1807
Norwalk City Fairfield 59,08 85 603 Mayor-council 1651
Norwich City New London 73,37 40 493 Council-manager 1662
Old Lyme Town New London 59,83 7 603 Town meeting 1855
Old Saybrook Town Middlesex 38,95 10 242 Town meeting 1854
Orange Town New Haven 44,52 13 956 Town meeting 1822
Oxford Town New Haven 85,18 12 683 Town meeting 1798
Plainfield Town Windham 109,48 15 405 Town meeting 1699
Plainville Town Hartford 25,28 17 716 Council-manager 1869
Plymouth Town Litchfield 56,25 12 243 Mayor-council 1795
Pomfret Town Windham 104,38 4 247 Town meeting 1713
Portland Town Middlesex 60,61 9 508 Town meeting 1841
Preston Town New London 80,03 4 726 Town meeting 1687
Prospect Town New Haven 37,09 9 405 Mayor-council 1827
Putnam Town Windham 52,55 9 584 Town meeting 1855
Redding Town Fairfield 81,58 9 158 Town meeting 1767
Ridgefield Town Fairfield 89,17 24 638 Town meeting 1709
Rocky Hill Town Hartford 34,84 19 709 Representative town meeting 1843
Roxbury Town Litchfield 67,94 2 262 Town meeting 1796
Salem Town New London 74,98 4 151 Town meeting 1819
Salisbury Town Litchfield 148,46 3 741 Town meeting 1741
Scotland Town Windham 48,20 1 726 Town meeting 1857
Seymour Town New Haven 37,74 16 540 Town meeting 1850
Sharon Town Litchfield 152,03 2 782 Town meeting 1739
Shelton City Fairfield 79,18 39 559 Mayor-council 1789
Sherman Town Fairfield 56,46 3 581 Town meeting 1802
Simsbury Town Hartford 87,75 23 511 Town meeting 1670
Somers Town Tolland 73,40 11 444 Town meeting 1734
South Windsor Town Hartford 72,42 25 709 Council-manager 1845
Southbury Town New Haven 101,17 19 904 Town meeting 1787
Southington Town Hartford 93,21 43 069 Council-manager 1779
Sprague Town New London 34,21 2 984 Town meeting 1861
Stafford Town Tolland 150,12 12 087 Town meeting 1719
Stamford City Fairfield 97,77 122 643 Mayor-council 1641
Sterling Town Windham 70,53 3 830 Town meeting 1794
Stonington Town New London 100,21 18 545 Town meeting 1662
Stonington Borough New London 1,92 929 Town de Stonington 1801
Stratford Town Fairfield 45,56 51 384 Mayor-council 1639
Suffield Town Hartford 109,32 15 735 Town meeting 1674
Thomaston Town Litchfield 31,11 7 887 Town meeting 1875
Thompson Town Windham 121,57 9 458 Town meeting 1785
Tolland Town Tolland 102,85 15 052 Council-manager 1715
Torrington City Litchfield 103,06 36 383 Mayor-council 1740
Trumbull Town Fairfield 60,32 36 018 Mayor-council 1797
Union Town Tolland 74,36 854 Town meeting 1734
Vernon Town Tolland 45,92 29 179 Mayor-council 1808
Voluntown Town New London 100,80 2 603 Town meeting 1721
Wallingford Town New Haven 101,06 45 135 Mayor-council 1670
Warren Town Litchfield 68,14 1 461 Town meeting 1786
Washington Town Litchfield 98,91 3 578 Town meeting 1779
Waterbury City New Haven 74,00 110 366 Mayor-council 1686
Waterford Town New London 84,82 19 517 Representative town meeting 1801
Watertown Town Litchfield 75,50 22 514 Council-manager 1780
West Hartford Town Hartford 56,93 63 268 Council-manager 1854
West Haven City New Haven 28,08 55 564 Mayor-council 1921
Westbrook Town Middlesex 40,71 6 938 Town meeting 1840
Weston Town Fairfield 51,28 10 179 Town meeting 1787
Westport Town Fairfield 51,83 26 391 Representative town meeting 1835
Wethersfield Town Hartford 32,09 26 668 Council-manager 1634
Willington Town Tolland 86,17 6 041 Town meeting 1727
Wilton Town Fairfield 69,80 18 062 Town meeting 1802
Winchester Town Litchfield 83,60 11 242 Council-manager 1771
Windham Town Windham 70,11 25 268 Town meeting 1692
Windsor Town Hartford 76,74 29 044 Council-manager 1633
Windsor Locks Town Hartford 23,39 12 498 Town meeting 1854
Wolcott Town New Haven 52,91 16 680 Mayor-council 1796
Woodbridge Town New Haven 48,77 8 990 Town meeting 1784
Woodbury Town Litchfield 94,46 9 975 Town meeting 1673
Woodmont Borough New Haven 2,56 1 488 City de Milford 1903
Woodstock Town Windham 156,80 7 964 Town meeting 1686

Notes et références[modifier | modifier le code]

  1. a et b (en) Bureau du recensement des États-Unis, « Governments --Individual State Descriptions » [PDF], sur census.gov (consulté le 4 août 2017), p. 65.
  2. (en) John Penney, « Danielson borough may be on last legs », sur norwichbulletin.com, (consulté le 6 novembre 2017).
  3. (en) Daniela Altimari, « In Eastern Connecticut, Debate Over Town's Identity », sur courant.com, (consulté le 6 novembre 2017).
  4. a et b (en) Bureau du recensement des États-Unis, « Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision 2010 Census Summary File 1 », sur factfinder.census.gov (consulté le 4 août 2017).

Voir aussi[modifier | modifier le code]

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