Famille Rockefeller

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La famille Rockefeller est une famille d'industriels, de banquiers et de politiciens américains qui constitue une des plus grandes fortunes du monde dans le secteur de l'industrie pétrolière à la fin du XIXe siècle et au début du XXe siècle, notamment avec John Davison Rockefeller, dont la fortune s'élevait à sa mort en 1937, à 340 milliards de dollars (ajusté à l'inflation), soit plus de 1,5% de l'économie nationale, faisant de lui l'une des personnes les plus riches de l'Histoire[1]. De nos jours, la fortune des Rockefeller est éparpillée entre plus de 200 héritiers et aurait une valeur nette d'environ 10 milliards de dollars, les reléguant à la 24e place des familles les plus riches des États-Unis[2].

Ancêtres[modifier | modifier le code]

  • Goddard (Gotthard) Rockenfeller (1590, Neuwied—1684) (m. 1622) Magdalena (1592, Neuwied—1656)
    • Johannes Rockefeller (1634-1684) (m.1678) Elizabeth Margaretha Remagen (1634)
      • Johann Peter Rockefeller (1681 Prusse—1763, Rocktown, NJ) (arrivé aux États-Unis en 1708)
        • Peter Rockefeller (1711-1787) (m. 1740) Mary Bellis (1723-1772)
          • Godfrey Rockefeller (1745-1818)
          • Margaret Rockefeller (1750-1797) (m. fin XVIIIe siècle) George Trumbo (1750-1830)
          • William Rockefeller (1750-1793) (m. au XVIIIe siècle) Christina Rockefeller (1754-1800)

Descendants de John Davison Rockefeller, Sr.[modifier | modifier le code]

  • Elizabeth « Bessie » Rockefeller (1866-1906) (m.1889) Charles Augustus Strong (1862-1940)
    • Margaret Rockefeller Strong (1897-1985) (m.1927) George de Cuevas (1885-1961), (m. 1977) Raimundo de Larrain
  • Alice Rockefeller (1869-1870)
  • Alta Rockefeller (1871-1962) (m.1901) Ezra Parmelee Prentice (1863-1955)
    • John Rockefeller Prentice (1902-1972) (m.1941) Abra Cantrill (1912-1972)
      • Abra Prentice Wilkin (1942)
    • Mary Adeline Prentice Gilbert (1907-1981) (m.1937) Benjamin Davis Gilbert (1907-1992)
    • Spelman Prentice (1911-2000) (m.3rd.1972) Mimi Walters
      • Pamela Prentice (1938)(m.1st. 1960) Frans H. ten Bos
        • Helena ten Bos (1962) (m. 1987) Comte Frédéric de Belloy de Saint-Lienard
        • Joanna ten Bos (1964) (m. 1989) Christopher Booth
        • katrina ten Bos (1967) (m. 1994) Christian Guittat
      • Peter Spelman Prentice (1940)
        • Alexandra Sartell Prentice (1962)
          • Peter Parmalee Bens (1987)
          • Erik Carl Bens (1996)
          • Sarah Prentice Bens (1997)
        • Michael Andrew Prentice (1964)
      • Alta Rockefeller Prentice (1942)
      • Michael Sartell Prentice (1944)
  • Edith Rockefeller (1872-1932) (m. 1895) Harold Fowler McCormick
    • John Rockefeller McCormick (1896-1901)
    • Editha McCormick (1897-1898)
    • Harold Fowler McCormick, Jr. (1898-1973) (m.1931) Anne « Fifi » Potter (1879-1969)
    • Muriel McCormick (1902-1959) (m.1931) Elisha Dyer Hubbard (1906)
    • Mathilde McCormick (1905-1947) (m.1923) Max Oser (1877-1942)
      • Anita Oser Pauling (mort en 2009 à Paris) Peter Max Oser (mort en 1970 à Geneva)
  • John Davison Rockefeller, Jr. (1874-1960) (m. 1901) Abigail Greene « Abby » Aldrich (1874-1948)

Descendants de William Avery Rockefeller, Jr.[modifier | modifier le code]

  • Lewis Edward Rockefeller (1865-1866)
  • Emma Rockefeller McAlpin (1868-1934)
  • William Goodsell Rockefeller (1870-1922)
    • William Avery Rockefeller III (1896-1973)
    • Godfrey Stillman Rockefeller (1899-1983)
      • Godfrey A. Rockefeller (v. 1925-2010)
      • Marion Rockefeller
      • Audrey Rockefeller
      • Lucy Ann Rockefeller
      • Anderson Rockefeller
      • Peter Rockefeller
      • Benjamin Rockefeller
    • James Rockefeller (1902-2004)
      • James Stillman Rockefeller, Jr. (1926)
        • Liv Merlin Rockefeller Hessler (1957)
        • Ola Stillman Rockefeller (1959)
      • Nancy Sherlock Carnegie Rockefeller (1927) (m. Barclay McFadden, Jr.)
      • Andrew Carnegie Rockefeller (1929)
      • Georgia Stillman Rockefeller (1933) (m. Harden Rose)
        • James Stillman Rose (1958)
        • Andrew Carnegie Rose (1960)
        • Georgia Rockefeller Rose (1961)
    • John Sterling Rockefeller (1904-1988) (m. 1931) Paula Watjen
      • Christina Rockefeller
    • Almira Geraldine Rockefeller (1907-1997) (m.) MacRoy Jackson (m.) Samuel Weston Scott (m.) Hardie Scott
      • MacRoy Jackson
  • John Davison Rockefeller II (1872-1877)
  • Percy Avery Rockefeller (1878-1934) m. Isabel Goodrich Stillman
    • Isabel Rockefeller Lincoln (1902-1980) m. Frederic Walker Lincoln IV
    • Avery Rockefeller (1903-1986) m. 1923 Anna Griffith Mark
      • Avery Rockefeller, Jr. (1924)
      • Ann Rockefeller (1926)
      • Joan Rockefeller
    • Winifred Rockefeller Emeny (1904-1951)
    • Faith Rockefeller Model (1909-1960)
      • Robert Model (1942)
    • Gladys Rockefeller Underhill (1910)
  • Geraldine Rockefeller Dodge (1882-1973) m. Marcellus Hartley Dodge, Sr.
    • Marcellus Hartley Dodge, Jr. (1908-1930)

Notes et références[modifier | modifier le code]

Voir aussi[modifier | modifier le code]

Sources[modifier | modifier le code]

Bibliographie[modifier | modifier le code]

  • (en) Abels, Jules. The Rockefeller Billions: The Story of the World's Most Stupendous Fortune. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1965.
  • (en) Aldrich, Nelson W. Jr. Old Money: The Mythology of America's Upper Class. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1988.
  • (en) Allen, Gary The Rockefeller File. Seal Beach, California: 1976 Press, 1976.
  • (en) Boorstin, Daniel J. The Americans: The Democratic Experience. New York: Vintage Books, 1974.
  • (en) Brown, E. Richard. Rockefeller Medicine Men: Medicine and Capitalism in America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979.
  • (en) Caro, Robert A. The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York. New York: Vintage, 1975.
  • (en) Chernow, Ron. Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr. London: Warner Books, 1998.
  • (en) Collier, Peter, and David Horowitz. The Rockefellers: An American Dynasty. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1976.
  • (en) Elmer, Isabel Lincoln. Cinderella Rockefeller: A Life of Wealth Beyond All Knowing. New York: Freundlich Books, 1987.
  • (en) Ernst, Joseph W., editor. "Dear Father"/"Dear Son:" Correspondence of John D. Rockefeller and John D. Rockefeller, Jr. New York: Fordham University Press, with the Rockefeller Archive Center, 1994.
  • (en) Flynn, John T. God's Gold: The Story of Rockefeller and His Times. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1932.
  • (en) Fosdick, Raymond B. John D. Rockefeller, Jr.: A Portrait. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1956.
  • (en) Fosdick, Raymond B. The Story of the Rockefeller Foundation. New York: Transaction Publishers, Reprint, 1989.
  • (en) Gates, Frederick Taylor. Chapters in My Life. New York: The Free Press, 1977.
  • (en) Gitelman, Howard M. Legacy of the Ludlow Massacre: A Chapter in American Industrial Relations. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988.
  • (en) Gonzales, Donald J., Chronicled by. The Rockefellers at Williamsburg: Backstage with the Founders, Restorers and World-Renowned Guests. McLean, Virginia: EPM Publications, Inc., 1991.
  • (en) Hanson, Elizabeth. The Rockefeller University Achievements: A Century of Science for the Benefit of Humankind, 1901-2001. New York: The Rockefeller University Press, 2000.
  • (en) Harr, John Ensor, and Peter J. Johnson. The Rockefeller Century: Three Generations of America's Greatest Family. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988.
  • (en) Harr, John Ensor, and Peter J. Johnson. The Rockefeller Conscience: An American Family in Public and in Private. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1991.
  • (en) Hawke, David Freeman. John D.: The Founding Father of the Rockefellers. New York: Harper & Row, 1980.
  • (en) Hidy, Ralph W. and Muriel E. Hidy. Pioneering in Big Business: History of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey), 1882-1911. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1955.
  • (en) Jonas, Gerald. The Circuit Riders: Rockefeller Money and the Rise of Modern Science. New York: W.W.Norton and Co., 1989.
  • (en) Josephson, Emanuel M. The Federal Reserve Conspiracy and the Rockefellers: Their Gold Corner. New York: Chedney Press, 1968.
  • (en) Josephson, Matthew. The Robber Barons. London: Harcourt, 1962.
  • (en) Kert, Bernice. Abby Aldrich Rockefeller: The Woman in the Family. New York: Random House, 2003.[réf. nécessaire]
  • (en) Klein, Henry H. Dynastic America and Those Who Own It. New York: Kessinger Publishing, [1921] Reprint, 2003.
  • Kutz, Myer. Rockefeller Power: America's Chosen Family. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1974.
  • (en) Lundberg, Ferdinand. America's Sixty Families. New York: Vanguard Press, 1937.
  • (en) Lundberg, Ferdinand. The Rich and the Super-Rich: A Study in the Power of Money Today. New York: Lyle Stuart, 1968.
  • (en) Lundberg, Ferdinand. The Rockefeller Syndrome. Secaucus, New Jersey: Lyle Stuart, Inc., 1975.
  • (en) Manchester, William R. A Rockefeller Family Portrait: From John D. to Nelson. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1959.
  • (en) Moscow, Alvin. The Rockefeller Inheritance. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1977.
  • (en) Nevins, Allan. John D. Rockefeller: The Heroic Age of American Enterprise. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1940.
  • (en) Nevins, Allan. Study In Power: John D. Rockefeller, Industrialist and Philanthropist. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1953.
  • (en) Okrent, Daniel. Great Fortune: The Epic of Rockefeller Center. New York: Viking Press, 2003.
  • (fr) Ratto, Pietro. Warburg et Rockefeller, les grand alliés des Rothschild. Cesena: Macro édition, 2019, (ISBN 978-8828501992)
  • (en) Reich, Cary. The Life of Nelson A. Rockefeller: Worlds to Conquer 1908-1958. New York : Doubleday, 1996.
  • (en) Roberts, Ann Rockefeller. The Rockefeller Family Home: Kykuit. New York : Abbeville Publishing Group, 1998.
  • (en) Rockefeller, David. Memoirs. New York: Random House, 2002.
  • (en) Rockefeller, Henry Oscar, ed. Rockefeller Genealogy. 4 vols. 1910 - ca.1950.
  • (en) Rockefeller, John D. Random Reminiscences of Men and Events. New York: Doubleday, 1908; London: W. Heinemann. 1909; Sleepy Hollow Press and Rockefeller Archive Center, (Reprint) 1984.
  • (en) Roussel, Christine. The Art of Rockefeller Center. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 2006.
  • Scheiffarth, Engelbert. Der New Yorker Gouverneur Nelson A. Rockefeller und die Rockenfeller im Neuwieder Raum Genealogisches Jahrbuch, Vol 9, 1969, p16-41.
  • (en) Sealander, Judith. Private Wealth and Public Life: Foundation Philanthropy and the Reshaping of American Social Policy, from the Progressive Era to the New Deal. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.
  • (en) Siegmund-Schultze, Reinhard. Rockefeller and the Internationalization of Mathematics Between the Two World Wars: Documents and Studies for the Social History of Mathematics in the 20th Century. Boston: Birkhauser Verlag, 2001.
  • (en) Stasz, Clarice. The Rockefeller Women: Dynasty of Piety, Privacy, and Service. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.
  • (en) Tarbell, Ida M. The History of the Standard Oil Company. New York: Phillips & Company, 1904.
  • (en) Winks, Robin W. Laurance S. Rockefeller: Catalyst for Conservation, Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1997.
  • (en) Yergin, Daniel. The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991.
  • (en) Young, Edgar B. Lincoln Center: The Building of an Institution. New York: New York University Press, 1980.

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