Discussion:Semion Kirlian

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Le concept de "pseudo-science" implique un jugement de valeur qui ne devrait pas avoir cours ici...ensuite libre a chacun de penser ce qu'il veut ! La Science est Une et la verité n'appartient a personne en particulier.. SoCreate

Catégorie : Parapsychologie[modifier le code]

Pas de rapport apparent entre l'effet Kirlian et les recherches parapsychologiques. Les recherches antérieures ont abouti à des conclusions naturelles. Je dis cela sans jugement de valeur, mais en toute objectivité, il ne faut pas confondre l'effet Kirlian et les auras avec les objets de recherche de la parapsychologie. Je pense que cet article rentre plus dans des catégories comme Esotérisme. Je le décatégorise.

Je ne suis pas tout à fait d'accord, l'ésotérisme concerne des connaissances, des rites transmis de manière initiatiques. La parapsychologie, elle, concerne l'étude au grand jour de phénomènes censé avoir une existence physique. Les partisants de l'effet Kirlian pensent qu'il est une manifestation de l'interaction entre le "psychisme" et son environnement, et que cette manifestation est inexplicable en l'état actuel de nos connaissances.
Bien que des scientifiques aient prouvé le contraire, leur point de vue se maintiens. En toute neutralité, il serait donc plutôt nécessaire de laisser la catégorie parapsychologie.
Comme vous êtes une IP qui ne signe pas et que je ne sais pas si vous repasserez, je préfère recatégoriser, au cas où j'oublierais de repasser plus tard, ne m'en veuillez pas. nojhan 16 septembre 2006 à 10:21 (CEST)

Article anglais :à traduire et ajouter[modifier le code]

  • Semyon Davidovich Kirlian (February 20, 1898 – April 4, 1978) was a Russian inventor and researcher, who along with his wife Valentina Khrisanovna Kirliana (d. 1972), a teacher and journalist, discovered and developed Kirlian photography.

Kirlian was born in Yekaterinodar, now Krasnodar, Russia of Armenian descent. He possessed an early interest in, and aptitute for, work with electricity. Just before the Russian Revolution of 1917, Kirlian attended a conference in his home city at which Nikola Tesla gave talks and demonstrations; Tesla was one of Kirlian's predecessors in the field of corona discharge photography. In the 1930s Kirlian earned his living as an electrician in Krasnodar, near the eastern coast of the Black Sea in southern Russia—then the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR) (RSFSR), part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union) (USSR). He married Valentina Khrisanovna in 1930.

By 1939 Kirlian had acquired a reputation as the best local resource for repairing electrical equipment, and was regularly called upon to fix the apparatus of scientists and laboratories in the area. In that year, he happened to witness a demonstration of a high-frequency d'Arsonval electrotherapy device. He noticed that there was a small flash of light between the machine's electrodes and the patient's skin, and wondered if he would be able to photograph it. (Kirlian was not the first person to witness this phenomenon, though the urge to photograph and investigate it seems to have been original with him.) Experimenting with similar equipment, he replaced glass electrodes with metal substitues to take photographs in visible light; at the price of a severe electrical burn, he was able to take an unusual and striking photograph of an apparent energy discharge around his own hand.

Over the next ten years he and his wife developed and perfected apparatus for what we now called Kirlian photography. They employed a high-frequency oscillator or spark generator that operated at 75,000 to 200,000 cycles per second. They took photographs with no camera, merely with electric current and photographic film. The Kirlians then moved beyond static photography, to develop an optical filter that allowed them to witness the phenomenon in real time; they saw miniature fireworks displays of light and color playing around their hands.

Gradually the Kirlians' activity began to attract attention from professional scientists. The Kirlians made many photographs of the leaves of various plants; by 1949, it was determined that Kirlian photography could detect incipient plant disease that was not otherwise detectable. In the same year, the Kirlians received a Soviet patent on their basic device, "a method of photographing by means of high-frequency currents." Experimenting further upon themselves, the Kirlians acquired the first results showing that Kirlian photography could provide an index of a person's physical health, and could illuminate the acupuncture points of the human body..

It was not until the early 1960s, however, that the Kirlians' efforts attracted widespread recognition and official support, once popular journalists wrote a series of newspaper and magazine articles about Kirlian photography. The Kirlians were awarded a pension and were provided with a pleasant new apartment and a well-equipped laboratory in Krasnodar. Their first scientific paper on Kirlian photography was published in 1961, in the (Russian) Journal of Scientific and Applied Photography. Scientific institutions around the Soviet Union were set to work on Kirlian photography in 1962.SoCreate