Art Farmer

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Art Farmer
Description de l'image Art Farmer.jpg.
Informations générales
Nom de naissance Arthur Stewart Farmer
Naissance
Council Bluffs (Iowa)
Décès (à 71 ans)
New York
Genre musical Jazz, musique classique
Instruments trompette, bugle, "flumpet"

Art Farmer (1928-1999) est un trompettiste de jazz américain. Il a aussi joué du bugle et de la "flumpet" (un instrument hybride entre la trompette et le bugle fabriqué pour lui par David Monette (en)).

Biographie[modifier | modifier le code]

Art Farmer, dont le frère jumeau Addison Farmer (en), mort en 1963, était un bassiste renommé, a grandi à Phoenix en Arizona et a d'abord appris le violon et le piano. À 15 ans, il a commencé à jouer de la trompette dans un orchestre de bal. Farmer partit ensuite avec son frère à Los Angeles, découvrit alors le jazz et joua avec Benny Carter, Gerald Wilson et Dexter Gordon.

En 1953 il déménage à New York et joue avec l'orchestre de Lionel Hampton et avec Clifford Brown, Lester Young, Quincy Jones et Gigi Gryce puis plus tard avec Coleman Hawkins, Thelonius Monk, Charles Mingus, Art Blakey, Hank Mobley, Sonny Clark, Clifford Jordan et dans le Quartet de Gerry Mulligan. Il explore alors des voies jazziques expérimentales avec Teddy Charles, Teo Macero et George Russell. Dans les années 1960, il acquiert une renommée légendaire avec "The Jazztet", combo formé avec le saxophoniste Benny Golson et le tromboniste Curtis Fuller.

En 1982, il reforme de nouveau "The Jazztet" avec ses anciens complices, gravant pour l'occasion 4 disques sous le nom du groupe.

Art Farmer fait des tournées pendant plusieurs années dans toute l'Europe et s'installe finalement en Autriche en 1994. Il y joue avec l'orchestre de la radio autrichienne ("Österreichisches Rundfunkorchester"). À côté du jazz, il intervient aussi comme trompettiste de musique classique, par exemple comme soliste dans les Concertos brandebourgeois ou le concerto no 1 pour trompette de Joseph Haydn.

Parmi ses partenaires on peut citer Gerry Mulligan,Slide Hampton, Ron Carter, Jerome Richardson, Wynton Marsalis, Geoff Keezer (en), Jim Hall et Lewis Nash.

Farmer a beaucoup enregistré sous son nom vers la fin de sa carrière.

Discographie[modifier | modifier le code]

En tant que leader[modifier | modifier le code]

Année Titre Label Notes
1953–54 The Art Farmer Septet Prestige Inclus les débuts de Farmer enregistrées comme leader
1954 Early Art Prestige Avec deux groupes: first featuring Sonny Rollins (tenor sax) and Horace Silver (piano); second featuring Wynton Kelly (piano)
1954–55 When Farmer Met Gryce Prestige Avec Gigi Gryce (alto sax) and two bands: first with Horace Silver (piano), Percy Heath (bass), Kenny Clarke (drums); second with Freddie Redd (piano) Addison Farmer (bass) Art Taylor (drums)
1955 Art Farmer Quintet featuring Gigi Gryce Prestige Avec Gigi Gryce (alto sax) Duke Jordan (piano), Addison Farmer (bass), Philly Joe Jones (drums)
1956 2 Trumpets Prestige Avec Donald Byrd (trumpet), Jackie McLean (alto sax), Barry Harris (piano), Doug Watkins (bass), Art Taylor (drums)
1956 Farmer's Market Prestige Avec Hank Mobley (tenor sax), Kenny Drew (piano), Addison Farmer (bass), Elvin Jones (drums)
1957 Three Trumpets Prestige Avec Donald Byrd and Idrees Sulieman (trumpet), Hod O'Brien (piano), Addison Farmer (bass), Ed Thigpen (drums)
1957 Last Night When We Were Young ABC-Paramount Avec the Quincy Jones orchestra; Jones also wrote the arrangements
1958 Portrait of Art Farmer Contemporary Avec Hank Jones (piano), Addison Farmer (bass), Roy Haynes (drums)
1958 Modern Art United Artists Avec Benny Golson (tenor sax), Bill Evans (piano), Addison Farmer (bass), Dave Bailey (drums)
1959 Brass Shout United Artists Avec un big band; arrangements by Benny Golson
1959 The Aztec Suite United Artists Avec un big band; arrangements by Chico O'Farrill
1960 Art Argo Avec Tommy Flanagan (piano), Tommy Williams (bass), Albert Heath (drums)
1961 Perception Argo Avec Harold Mabern (piano), Tommy Williams (bass), Roy McCurdy (drums)
1962 Listen to Art Farmer and the Orchestra Mercury Avec big band; arrangements by Oliver Nelson
1963 Interaction Atlantic Avec Jim Hall (guitar), Steve Swallow (bass), Walter Perkins (drums)
1963 Live at the Half-Note Atlantic Personnel as on Interaction; in concert
1964 To Sweden with Love Atlantic Avec Jim Hall (guitar), Steve Swallow (bass), Pete LaRoca (drums)
1964 The Many Faces of Art Farmer Scepter Avec Charles McPherson (alto sax), Tommy Flanagan (piano), Steve Swallow (bass), Bobby Thomas (drums)
1965 Sing Me Softly of the Blues Atlantic Avec Steve Kuhn (piano), Steve Swallow (bass), Pete LaRoca (drums)
1966 New York Jazz Sextet: Group Therapy Scepter Credited to the New York Jazz Sextet
1966 The Time and the Place: The Lost Concert Mosaic Avec Jimmy Heath (tenor sax), Albert Dailey (piano), Walter Booker (bass), Mickey Roker (drums); in concert
1966 Baroque Sketches Columbia Avec the Baroque Orchestra arranged by Benny Golson
1967 The Time and the Place Columbia Avec Jimmy Heath (tenor sax), Cedar Walton (piano), Walter Booker (bass), Mickey Roker (drums); studio album with overdubbed applause
1967 The Art Farmer Quintet Plays the Great Jazz Hits Columbia Personnel as on The Time and the Place (1967)
1968 Art Worker Moon Avec Ernie Royal (trumpet), Jimmy Cleveland (trombone), Oscar Estelle (alto, tenor, baritone saxes), Harold Mabern (piano), Jimmy Woode (bass), Roy McCurdy (drums)
1968 What Happens? Campi Avec Phil Woods (alto sax), Martial Solal (piano), Henri Texier (bass), Daniel Humair (drums)
1970 In Europe Enja Avec Fritz Pauer (piano), Peter Marshall (bass), Erich Bachtragl (drums); in concert
1970 From Vienna with Art MPS Avec Jimmy Heath (tenor sax), Fritz Pauer (piano), Jimmy Woode (bass), Erich Bachtragl (drums)
1971 Homecoming Mainstream Avec Jimmy Heath (tenor sax), Cedar Walton (piano), Sam Jones (bass), Billy Higgins (drums), James Mtume (congas), Warren Smith (percussion)
1972 Gentle Eyes Mainstream Avec big band; arrangements par Hans Salomon
1974 Talk to Me Pye Avec the ORF [Austrian Broadcasting Corporation] Big Band
1974 A Sleeping Bee Sonet Avec Goran Strandberg (piano), Jan Schaffer (guitar), Red Mitchell (bass), Tony Inzalaco and Island Ostlund (drums; separately), Sabu Martinez (percussion)
1975 Yesterday's Thoughts East Wind Avec Sam Jones (bass), Cedar Walton (piano), Billy Higgins (drums)
1975 To Duke with Love East Wind Avec Cedar Walton (piano), Sam Jones (bass guitar), Billy Higgins (drums)
1976 The Summer Knows East Wind Personnel as on To Duke with Love
1976 Art Farmer Quintet at Boomers East Wind Avec Clifford Jordan (tenor sax), Cedar Walton (piano), Sam Jones (bass) Billy Higgins (drums); in concert
1976 On the Road Contemporary Avec Art Pepper (alto sax), Hampton Hawes (piano), Ray Brown (bass), Steve Ellington and Shelly Manne (drums; separately)
1977 Crawl Space CTI Avec Jeremy Steig (flute), David Grusin (keyboards), Eric Gale (guitar), Will Lee (bass, gong), George Mraz (bass), Steve Gadd (drums)
1977 Something You Got CTI Avec the David Matthews orchestra, featuring Yusef Lateef (tenor sax)
1977 Art Farmer Live in Tokyo CTI Avec Jackie McLean (alto sax), Cedar Walton (piano), Sam Jones (bass), Billy Higgins (drums); in concert
1978 Big Blues CTI Avec Jim Hall (guitar), Mike Mainieri (vibraphone), Mike Moore (bass), Steve Gadd (drums)
1979 Yama CTI Featuring Joe Henderson (tenor sax)
1981 A Work of Art Concord Avec Fred Hersch (piano), Bob Bodley (bass), Billy Hart(drums)
1981 Manhattan Soul Note Avec Sahib Shihab (soprano and baritone saxes), Kenny Drew (piano), Mads Vinding (bass), Ed Thigpen (drums)
1981 Foolish Memories Bellaphon Avec Harry Sokal (tenor sax), Fritz Pauer (piano), Heiri Känzig (bass), Joris Dudli (drums)
1982 Mirage Soul Note Avec Clifford Jordan (tenor sax), Fred Hersch (piano), Ray Drummond (bass), Akira Tana (drums)
1982 Warm Valley Concord Avec Fred Hersch (piano), Ray Drummond (bass), Akira Tana (drums)
1983 Ambrosia Denon Records With strings
1983 Maiden Voyage Denon With strings, Masahiko Satoh (piano)
1984 You Make Me Smile Soul Note Avec Clifford Jordan (tenor sax), Fred Hersch (piano) Rufus Reid (bass), Akira Tana (drums)
1987 Something to Live For: The Music of Billy Strayhorn Contemporary Avec Clifford Jordan (tenor sax), James Williams (piano), Rufus Reid (bass), Marvin "Smitty" Smith (drums)
1987 Azure Soul Note Avec Fritz Pauer (piano)
1988 Blame It on My Youth Contemporary Avec Clifford Jordan (tenor and soprano sax), James Williams (piano), Rufus Reid (bass), Victor Lewis (drums)
1989 Ph.D. Contemporary Avec Clifford Jordan (tenor sax), James Williams (piano), Kenny Burrell (guitar), Rufus Reid (bass), Marvin "Smitty" Smith (drums)
1989 Central Avenue Reunion Contemporary Avec Frank Morgan (alto sax), Lou Levy (piano), Eric Von Essen (bass), Albert Heath (drums)
1991 Soul Eyes Enja Avec Geoff Keezer (piano), Kenny Davis (bass), Lewis Nash (drums); in concert
1994 The Company I Keep Arabesque Avec Tom Harrell (trumpet, flugelhorn), Ron Blake (soprano and tenor saxes), Geoff Keezer (piano), Kenny Davis (bass), Carl Allen (drums)
1995 The Meaning of Art Arabesque Avec Slide Hampton (trombone), Ron Blake (soprano and tenor saxes), Geoff Keezer (piano), Kenny Davis (bass), Carl Allen (drums)
1996 Silk Road Arabesque Avec Don Braden and Ron Blake (soprano and tenor saxes), Geoff Keezer (piano), Kenny Davis (bass), Carl Allen (drums)
1996 Live at Stanford Jazz Workshop Monarch Avec Harold Land (tenor sax), Bill Bell (piano), Rufus Reid (bass), Albet Heath (drums); in concert
1998 Art Farmer Plays Standards PAO Avec Jarek Smietana (guitar), Jacek Niedziela and Antoni Debski (bass; separately), Adam Czerwinski (drums)

Avec le Jazztet[modifier | modifier le code]

Avec Benny Golson (saxophone ténor)

Année Titre Label Notes
1960 Meet the Jazztet Argo Avec Curtis Fuller (trombone), McCoy Tyner (piano), Addison Farmer (bass), Lex Humphries (drums)
1960 Big City Sounds Argo Avec Tom McIntosh (trombone), Cedar Walton (piano), Tommy Williams (bass), Albert Heath (drums)
1960–61 The Jazztet and John Lewis Argo Personnel as on Big City Sounds; John Lewis (composer, arranger)
1961 The Jazztet at Birdhouse Argo Personnel as on Big City Sounds; in concert
1962 Here and Now Mercury Avec Grachan Moncur III (trombone), Harold Mabern (piano), Herbie Lewis (bass), Roy McCurdy (drums)
1962 Another Git Together Mercury Personnel as on Here and Now
1982 Voices All Eastworld Avec Curtis Fuller, Cedar Walton, Buster Williams (bass), Albert Heath
1982 In Performance at the Playboy Jazz Festival Elektra/Musician Avec Mike Wolff (piano), John B. Williams (bass), Roy McCurdy, Nancy Wilson (vocals); in concert; shared with various bands
1983 Moment to Moment Soul Note Avec Curtis Fuller, Mickey Tucker (piano), Ray Drummond (bass), Albert Heath
1983 Nostalgia Baystate Avec Curtis Fuller, Mickey Tucker, Rufus Reid (bass), Billy Hart (drums)
1986 Back to the City Contemporary Avec Curtis Fuller, Mickey Tucker, Ray Drummond, Marvin 'Smitty' Smith (drums)
1986 Real Time Contemporary Personnel as on Back to the City

Albums en tant que sideman[modifier | modifier le code]

Année Leader Titre Label
1949 (Various), (Various) Black California Savoy
1953 Brown, CliffordClifford Brown The Clifford Brown Big Band In Paris Prestige
1953 Brown, CliffordClifford Brown Memorial Prestige
1953 Hampton, LionelLionel Hampton European Concert 1953 IAJRC
1953 Brown, CliffordClifford Brown The Complete Paris Collection, Vol. 3 Jazz Legacy
1955 Ammons, GeneGene Ammons All Star Sessions Prestige
1956 Ammons, GeneGene Ammons The Happy Blues Prestige
1956 Ammons, GeneGene Ammons Jammin' with Gene Prestige
1956 Jones, QuincyQuincy Jones This Is How I Feel About Jazz ABC
1956 Mathis, JohnnyJohnny Mathis Johnny Mathis Columbia
1956 Charles, TeddyTeddy Charles The Teddy Charles Tentet Atlantic
1956 Charles, TeddyTeddy Charles Word from Bird Atlantic
1956 Green, BennieBennie Green Bennie Green with Art Farmer Prestige
1956 McKusick, HalHal McKusick The Jazz Workshop RCA Victor
1956 Mellé, GilGil Mellé Gil's Guests Prestige
1956 Russell, GeorgeGeorge Russell The Jazz Workshop RCA Victor
1957 Albam, MannyManny Albam The Jazz Greats of Our Time, Vol. 1 Coral
1957 Ammons, GeneGene Ammons Funky Prestige
1957 Burrell, KennyKenny Burrell Earthy Prestige
1957 Cleveland, JimmyJimmy Cleveland Cleveland Style EmArcy
1957 Costa, EddieEddie Costa Eddie Costa Quintet Interlude
1957 Clark, SonnySonny Clark Dial "S" for Sonny Blue Note
1957 Fuller, CurtisCurtis Fuller Curtis Fuller Volume 3 Blue Note
1957 Golson, BennyBenny Golson Benny Golson's New York Scene Contemporary
1957 Jordan, CliffordClifford Jordan Cliff Craft Blue Note
1957 Holiday, JoeJoe Holiday (en) Holiday for Jazz Decca
1957 Prestige All Stars, Prestige All Stars Earthy Prestige
1957 Prestige All Stars, Prestige All Stars Three Trumpets Prestige
1957 Prestige All Stars, Prestige All Stars Coolin' New Jazz
1957 (Various), (Various) Modern Jazz Concert Columbia
1957 Silver, HoraceHorace Silver The Stylings of Silver Blue Note
1957 McKusick, HalHal McKusick Hal McKusick Quintet Coral
1957 Mobley, HankHank Mobley Hank Mobley Quintet Blue Note
1958 Giuffre, JimmyJimmy Giuffre The Music Man Atlantic
1958 Waldron, MalMal Waldron Mal/3: Sounds Prestige
1958 Webster, BenBen Webster The Soul of Ben Webster Verve
1958 Mulligan, GerryGerry Mulligan The Jazz Combo from I Want to Live! United Artists
1958 Prestige Blues-Swingers, Prestige Blues-Swingers Outskirts Of Town Prestige
1958 Ross, AnnieAnnie Ross Annie Ross Sings a Song with Mulligan! World Pacific
1958 Silver, HoraceHorace Silver Further Explorations Blue Note
1958 McKusick, HalHal McKusick Cross Section – Saxes Decca
1958 Clark, SonnySonny Clark Cool Struttin' Blue Note
1958 Benson Brooks, JohnJohn Benson Brooks (en) Alabama Concerto Riverside
1958 Jackson, MiltMilt Jackson Bags' Opus United Artists
1958 Legrand, MichelMichel Legrand Legrand Jazz Columbia
1958 Lincoln, AbbeyAbbey Lincoln It's Magic Riverside
1958 Lowe, MundellMundell Lowe (en) Porgy & Bess RCA Camden
1958–59 Mulligan, GerryGerry Mulligan What Is There to Say? Columbia
1958–59 Russell, GeorgeGeorge Russell New York, N.Y. Decca
1958-59 Ortega, TonyTony Ortega Jazz For Young Moderns Bethlehem
1959 Potts, BillBill Potts The Jazz Soul Of Porgy & Bess United Artists
1960–61 Golson, BennyBenny Golson Take a Number from 1 to 10 Argo
1963 Mulligan, GerryGerry Mulligan Night Lights Philips
1964 Mendes, SergioSergio Mendes Bossa Nova York Elenco
1966 O'Farrill, ChicoChico O'Farrill Nine Flags Impulse!
1967 Golson, BennyBenny Golson Tune In, Turn On Verve
1969 Kenny Clarke/Francy Boland Big Band,Kenny Clarke/Francy Boland Big Band (en) TNP Delta Music
1969 Sarmanto, HeikkiHeikki Sarmanto (en) Many Moons – July '69 Louhi Productions
1970 Kenny Clarke/Francy Boland Big Band, Kenny Clarke/Francy Boland Big Band November Girl Black Lion
1970 Kenny Clarke/Francy Boland Big Band, Kenny Clarke/Francy Boland Big Band Off Limits Polydor
1971 Kenny Clarke/Francy Boland Big Band, Kenny Clarke/Francy Boland Big Band Change Of Scenes Verve
1974 Herbolzheimer, PeterPeter Herbolzheimer (en) Scenes MPS
1975 BP Convention Big Band, BP Convention Big Band Blue Sunset Jugoton
1976 (Various), (Various) Jazz Gala Concert Atlantic
1977 Lateef, YusefYusef Lateef Autophysiopsychic CTI
1978 Jordan, DukeDuke Jordan Duke's Artistry SteepleChase
1979 Flanagan, TommyTommy Flanagan Something Tasty Baystate
1980 Pieranunzi, EnricoEnrico Pieranunzi Isis Soul Note
1983 Carter, JoeJoe Carter My Foolish Heart Empathy
1987 Dorough, BobBob Dorough (en) Songs of Love
1987 Murphy, MarkMark Murphy (en) September Ballads Milestone
1987 Taina, Taina Scene from a Trance CBS
1987–88 Wentzel, MagniMagni Wentzel (en) My Wonderful One Gemini
1990 (Various), (Various) Rhythmstick CTI
1993 Carroll, BarbaraBarbara Carroll (en) This Heart of Mine DRG
1996 Golson, BennyBenny Golson One Day, Forever Arkadia
1996 Hall, JimJim Hall Panorama: Live at The Village Vanguard Telarc

Singles en tant que sideman[modifier | modifier le code]

Année Leader Titre Label
1948 Turner, Big JoeBig Joe Turner Radar Blues / Trouble Blues Swing Time
1948 Turner, Big JoeBig Joe Turner Wine-O-Baby / B & O Blues Swing Time
1948 Turner, Big JoeBig Joe Turner Christmas Date Boogie / Tell Me Pretty Baby Swing Time
1948 Turner, Big JoeBig Joe Turner Old Piney Brown is Gone / Baby Won't You Marry Me Swing Time
1949 Porter, RoyRoy Porter (en) Little Wig / Gassin' The Wig Savoy
1949 Porter, RoyRoy Porter Don't Blame Me Rex Hollywood
1949 Porter, RoyRoy Porter Frantic Dream / Everything's Cool Rex Hollywood
1952 Gray, WardellWardell Gray April Skies / Bright Boy Prestige
1952 Gray, WardellWardell Gray Jackie / Sweet and Lovely Prestige
1952 Gray, WardellWardell Gray Farmer's Market / Lover Man Prestige
1959 Charles, TeddyTeddy Charles Air Mail Special / Flying Home Bethlehem

Filmographie[modifier | modifier le code]

Année Titre Notes
1958 I Want to Live! Holywood film; Farmer appears as himself[1]
1958 Jazz on a Summer's Day Filmed at the Newport Jazz Festival; Farmer is part of the Gerry Mulligan band[1]
1959 Gerry Mulligan & Art Farmer – Live in Rome 1959 With Bill Crow (bass), Dave Bailey (drums)
1960 The Subterraneans Hollywood film, based on the Jack Kerouac novella; Farmer appears as himself[1]
1964 Ralph J. Gleason's Jazz Casual: Art Farmer TV recording, later released on DVD[2]
1981–82 Jazz Masters Series: Art Farmer At the Smithsonian Institution
1982 Jazz in Exile About American jazz musicians living in Europe[1],[3]
1986 Jacksonville Jazz Festival VI TV broadcast of the Jacksonville Jazz Festival
1990 Ron Carter & Art Farmer: Live at Sweet Basil With Cedar Walton and Billy Higgins[4]
1992 The Creative Spirit PBS broadcast[1]
1994 A Great Day in Harlem About the 1958 photograph of 57 jazz musicians[1]
1994 Jazz at Lincoln Center With Wynton Marsalis PBS broadcast[1]
2007 Benny Golson: The Whisper Not Tour Concert recordings of the Jazztet[5]

Références[modifier | modifier le code]

  1. a, b, c, d, e, f et g "Art Farmer: Complete Filmography with Synopsis" TCM.
  2. Appelbaum, Larry (May 2001) JazzTimes.
  3. "Jazz in Exile" Timeout London.
  4. "Ron Carter and Art Farmer: Live at Sweet Basil (1991)" New York Times review summary.
  5. Joyce, Mike (November 2007) "Benny Golson: The Whisper Not Tour" JazzTimes.

Lien externe[modifier | modifier le code]