Amendement Bricker

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Image illustrative de l'article Amendement Bricker
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Amendement Bricker
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Le sénateur John W. Bricker

L’Amendement Bricker est le nom collectif d'une série d'amendements proposés à la Constitution américaine et examinés par le Sénat américain dans les années 1950. Il visait à limiter les pouvoirs du président, notamment en ce qui concerne les sole executive agreements.

Passage devant le congrès[modifier | modifier le code]

Sans cesse repoussé par Eisenhower, l'amendement obtint 60 voix contre 31 au sénat, à une voix des deux tiers nécessaires pour être adopté.

Bibliographie[modifier | modifier le code]

  • (en) John W. Bricker. John W. Bricker Reflects Upon the Fight for the Bricker Amendment. Edited by Marvin R. Zahniser. Ohio History. Vol. 87, no. 4. Autumn 1978. 322–333.
  • (en) Robert A. Caro. The Years of Lyndon Johnson : Master of the Senate. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 2002. (ISBN 0394528360).
  • (en) Richard O. Davies. Defender of the Old Guard : John Bricker and American Politics. Columbus, Ohio : The Ohio State University Press, 1993.
  • (en) Frank E. Holman. The Life and Career of a Western Lawyer, 1886–1961. Baltimore, Maryland : Port City Press, 1963.
  • (en) Frank E. Holman. The Story of the “Bricker Amendment”. New York City : Fund for Constitutional Government, 1954.
  • (en) Nelson Richards. The Bricker Amendment and Congress's Failure to Check the Inflation of the Executive's Foreign Affairs Powers, 1951-1954, 94 Cal. L. Rev. 175 (2006).
  • (en) Duane Tananbaum. The Bricker Amendment Controversy : A Test of Eisenhower's Political Leadership. Ithaca, New York : Cornell University Press, 1988.
  • (en) United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Treaties and Executive Agreements : Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary, Eighty-second Congress, Second Session, on S. J. Res 130, Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution of the United States Relating to the Making of Treaties and Executive Agreements. Washington, D. C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1952.
  • (en) United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments. Treaties and Executive Agreements : Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary, Eighty-third Congress, Second Session, on S. J. Res 1, Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution of the United States Relating to the Making of Treaties and Executive Agreements, and S. J. Res 43, Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution of the United States Relating to the Legal Effects of Certain Treaties. Washington, D. C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1953.
  • (en) United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Constitutional Amendment Relative to Treaties and Executive Agreements, 83rd Congress, 1st session. Senate Report 412. Calendar 408. Washington, D. C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1953.
  • (en) United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments. Treaties and Executive Agreements : Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary, Eighty-fourth Congress, First Session, on S. J. Res 1, Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution of the United States Relating to the Legal Effects of Certain Treaties and Other International Agreements. Washington, D. C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1955.
  • (en) United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments. Treaties and Executive Agreements : Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Eighty-fifth Congress, First Session, on S. J. Res 3, Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution of the United States Relating to the Legal Effect of Certain Treaties and Other International Agreements. Washington, D. C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1958.