Wildlife Sanctuaries de l'Inde

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Les Wildlife Sanctuaries (littéralement de l'anglais : sanctuaires de vies sauvages) sont, en Inde des zones protégées reconnues de catégorie IV par la Commission mondiale des aires protégées. L'Inde a classé plus de 500 zones, parmi lesquelles les 28 Tigers Reserves ou les Birds sanctuary.

Certaines zones, en raison de l'importance de leur faune, ont été déclarées nationales comme le National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (en) pour protéger le gavial.

Liste des NWS[modifier | modifier le code]

Année Nom État Surface (km²)
1 1979 Great Indian Bustard Maharashtra 8496.44
2 1986 Kutch Desert Gujarat 7506.22
3 1973 Wild Ass Gujarat 4953.7
4 inconnue Nelapattu Andhra Pradesh 4404
5 1991 Dibang Valley Arunachal Pradesh 4149
6 1987 Changthang Jammu & Kashmir 4000
7 1978 Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Andhra Pradesh 3568
8 inconnue Karakoram Jammu & Kashmir 1800
9 1978 Kaimur Bihar 1342.22
10 inconnue Gundlabrahmeswaram Andhra Pradesh 1194
11 1965 Gir Gujarat 1153.42
12 1975 Noradehi Madhya Pradesh 1034.52
13 1972 Kedarnath Uttar Pradesh 975.24
14 1965 Kawal Andhra Pradesh 893
15 1952 Pakhal Andhra Pradesh 879.3
16 1977 Pakhui Arunachal Pradesh 861.95
17 1979 Simlipal Orissa 845.7
18 inconnue Dandeli Karnataka 834.16
19 1953 Eturnagaram Andhra Pradesh 803
20 1987 Lachipora Jammu & Kashmir 800
21 1976 Satkosia Gorge Orissa 795.52
22 1989 Kamlang Arunachal Pradesh 783
23 1976 Palamau Bihar 767
24 1981 Narayan Sarovar (Chinkara) Gujarat 765.79
25 1976 Ratapani Madhya Pradesh 688.79
26 1976 Bhimbandh Bihar 681.9
27 1983 Keladevi Rajasthan 676
28 1963 Kolleru Andhra Pradesh 673
29 1977 Kinnerasani Andhra Pradesh 655.41
30 1962 Sechu Tuan Nala Himachal Pradesh 655.32
31 1979 National Chambal Uttar Pradesh 635
32 inconnue Rollapadu Andhra Pradesh 614
33 1978 Tamor Pingla Madhya Pradesh 608.52
34 1982 Schoolpaneshwar Gujarat 607.7
35 1988 Sunabema Orissa 600
36 1986 Askot Uttarakhand 599.93
36A 1985 Melghat Maharashtra 597.23
37 1978 Papikonda Andhra Pradesh 590.68
38 1971 Kumbhalgarh Rajasthan 578.26
39 inconnue Mundanthurai Tamil Nadu 567.38
40 1974 Sitanadi Madhya Pradesh 553.36
41 1975 Achanakmar Madhya Pradesh 551.55
42 1989 Balaram-Ambaji Gujarat 542.08
43 1987 Biligiri Rangswamy Temple Karnataka 539.52
44 1977 Bori Madhya Pradesh 518.25
45 1981 Ghatigaon Madhya Pradesh 512
46 1983 Phulwari Rajasthan 511.41
47 1987 Cauvery Karnataka 510.51
48 1986 Andhari Maharashtra 509.27
49 inconnue Srivenkateshwara Andhra Pradesh 506.94
50 1982 Kaimoor Uttar Pradesh 500.75
51 1985 Dampa Mizoram 500
52 1976 Pulicat Andhra Pradesh 500
53 1983 Todgarh Raoli Rajasthan 495.27
54 1974 Bhadra Karnataka 492.46
55 inconnue Srivilliputhur Tamil Nadu 485.2
56 1954 Govind Pashu Vihar Uttar Pradesh 481.04
57 1978 Bagdogra Madhya Pradesh 478.9
58 1950 Periyar Kerala 472
59 inconnue Srilanka Malleswara Andhra Pradesh 464.42
60 1977 Pachmarhi Madhya Pradesh 461.85
61 1978 Valmikinagar Bihar 461.6
62 inconnue Pulicat Tamil Nadu 461.02
63 1987 Sohagabarwa Uttar Pradesh 428.2
64 1987 Overa-Aru Jammu & Kashmir 425
65 1985 Koyna Maharashtra 423.55
66 1979 Sita Mata Rajasthan 422.94
67 1962 Tundah Himachal Pradesh 419.48
68 1974 Sharavathi Valley Karnataka 413.23
69 1976 Kateraniaghat Uttar Pradesh 400.09
70 1981 Kotgarh Orissa 399.05
71 1974 Shettihally Karnataka 395.6
72 1928 Manas Assam 391
73 1988 Gumti Tripura 389.54
74 1958 Radhangiri Maharashtra 371.88
75 1974 Gandhi Sagar Madhya Pradesh 368.62
76 1975 Sanjay (Dubri) Madhya Pradesh 364.69
77 1976 Singhalila West Bengal 362.4
78 1986 Kalsubai Harishchandra Maharashtra 361.71
79 inconnue Kaundinya Andhra Pradesh 357
80 1982 Rupi Bhabha Himachal Pradesh 354.14
81 1983 Sardarpur Florican Madhya Pradesh 348.12
82 1985 Debrigarh Orissa 346.91
83 inconnue Kuno - Palpur Madhya Pradesh 345
84 1981 Palpur - Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 344.68
85 1973 Waynad Kerala 344.44
86 1986 Jaikwadi Maharashtra 341.05
87 1978 Samarsot Madhya Pradesh 340.35
88 1962 Kugti Himachal Pradesh 330
89 1986 Painganga Maharashtra 324.62
90 1983 Pong Dam Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh 322.7
91 inconnue Mudumalai Tamil Nadu 321.55
92 1978 National Chambal Madhya Pradesh 320
93 1985 Chandoli Maharashtra 308.97
94 1982 Ramgarh Bundi Rajasthan 307
95 1988 Badrama Orissa 304.03
96 1987 Sonanandi Uttar Pradesh 301.18
97 1982 Jamwa Ramgarh Rajasthan 300
98 1980 Marine (Gulf of Kutch) Gujarat 293.03
99 1960 Mountabu Rajasthan 288.84
100 1976 Singhori (Sindhari) Madhya Pradesh 287.91
101 1973 Parambikulam Kerala 285
102 1980 Mehao Arunachal Pradesh 281.5
103 1983 National Chambal Rajasthan 280
104 1972 Gomardah Madhya Pradesh 277.82
105 1984 Kuldiha Orissa 272.75
106 1955 Darah Rajasthan 265.83
107 1983 Pamed Wild Buffalo Madhya Pradesh 262
108 1986 Gautala Autramghat Maharashtra 260.61
109 1976 Gautam Buddha Bihar 259.48
110 1986 Buxa West Bengal 251.89
111 1988 Kanji Jammu & Kashmir 250
112 1983 Udanti Wild Buffalo Madhya Pradesh 247.59
113 1974 Mukambika Karnataka 247
114 1983 Panpatha Madhya Pradesh 245.84
115 1976 Barnawapra Madhya Pradesh 244.66
116 1962 Nargu Himachal Pradesh 243.13
117 1962 Bandli Himachal Pradesh 239.47
118 1978 Coringa Andhra Pradesh 235.79
119 1977 Ranipur Uttar Pradesh 230.31
120 1983 Bhensrodgarh Rajasthan 229.14
121 1972 Kishanpur Uttar Pradesh 227.12
122 inconnue Kalakkadu Tamil Nadu 223.58
123 1989 Eaglenest Arunachal Pradesh 217
124 1990 Jaldapara West Bengal 216.51
125 1987 Spike Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 211.7
126 1978 Lawalang Bihar 211.03
127 1985 Nakti Dam Bihar 206.4
128 1986 Kabar Bihar 204
129 1981 Karera Madhya Pradesh 202.21
130 1975 Intanki Nagaland 202.02
131 inconnue Krishna Andhra Pradesh 194.81
132 1976 Dalma Bihar 193.22
133 1985 Baretha Rajasthan 192.76
134 1979 Barda Wildlife Sanctuary (en) Gujarat 192.31
135 1978 Hadgarh Orissa 191.06
136 1978 D'ering Memorial Arunachal Pradesh 190
137 1975 Abohar Punjab 188.24
138 1976 Hazaribagh Bihar 186.25
139 1987 Gulmarg Jammu & Kashmir 186
140 1985 Lakhari Valley Orissa 185.87
141 1989 Yagoupokpi Lokchao Manipur 184.8
142 1974 Bramhagiri Karnataka 181.29
143 1978 Jessore Gujarat 180.66
144 1985 Koderma Bihar 177.95
145 1969 Yawal Maharashtra 177.52
146 1982 Chandaka Dampara Orissa 175.79
147 1934 Sonai Rupai Assam 175
148 1987 Trishna Tripura 170.56
149 1981 Baisipalli Orissa 168.35
150 1990 Purna Gujarat 160.84
151 1970 Nagzira Maharashtra 152.81
152 1991 Ngengpui Mizoram 150
153 1967 Bhagwan Mahavir Goa 148.52
154 1992 Karlapat Orissa 147.66
155 1978 Itanagar Arunachal Pradesh 140.3
156 1983 Bhairamgarh Madhya Pradesh 138.95
157 1985 Nameri Assam 137.07
158 1980 Pranahita Andhra Pradesh 136.02
159 1986 Chaprala Maharashtra 134.78
160 1985 Interview Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 133
161 1985 Bhimashankar Maharashtra 130.78
162 1990 Jambughoda Gujarat 130.38
163 1952 Pocharam Andhra Pradesh 130
164 1958 Neyyar Kerala 128
165 1976 Murti Wildlife West Bengal 127.22
166 1958 Peechi Vazhani Kerala 125
167 inconnue Kheoni Madhya Pradesh 122.7
168 1969 Nal Sarovar Gujarat 120.82
169 1962 Gobind Sagar & Naina Devi Himachal Pradesh 120.67
170 1974 Ranebennur Karnataka 119
171 1982 Khalasuni Orissa 116
172 1987 Chautala Haryana 113.96
173 1983 Fensatallite Madhya Pradesh 110.24
174 1976 Chail Himachal Pradesh 110.04
175 1987 Hirpora Jammu & Kashmir 110
176 inconnue Sundha Mata Rajasthan 107
177 1949 Gamgul Siahbehi Himachal Pradesh 105.46
178 1987 Talakaveri Karnataka 105
179 1984 Chimony Kerala 105
180 1968 Bhagwan Mahavir Goa 105
181 1975 Badankhoh Madhya Pradesh 104.35
182 1984 Sawai Mansingh Rajasthan 103.25
183 1987 Pushpagiri Karnataka 102.59
184 1984 Shenduruny Kerala 100.32
185 1986 Nandpur Madmeshwar Maharashtra 100.12
186 1989 Sessa Orchid Arunachal Pradesh 100
187 1980 Jawahar Sagar Rajasthan 100
188 1983 Shergarh Rajasthan 98.71
189 1962 Darlaghat Himachal Pradesh 98.71
190 1984 Chinnar Kerala 90.44
191 1974 Someswara Karnataka 88.4
192 1986 Aner Dam Maharashtra 82.94
193 inconnue Mukkurthi Tamil Nadu 78.46
194 1957 Chandra Prabha Uttar Pradesh 78
195 1976 Idukki Kerala 77
196 1988 Katepurna Maharashtra 73.69
197 1985 Orang Assam 72.6
198 1984 Balukhand Konark Orissa 71.72
199 1962 Shikari Devi Himachal Pradesh 71.19
200 1979 Laokhowa Assam 70.14
201 1975 Bhitarkanika Orissa 70
202 1986 Phansad Maharashtra 69.79
203 1976 Tirthan Himachal Pradesh 68.25
204 1976 Mahuadaur Bihar 63.25
205 1954 Kanawar Himachal Pradesh 61.57
206 1970 Bor Maharashtra 61.1
207 1955 Van Vihar Rajasthan 59.93
208 1974 Narsingarh Madhya Pradesh 57.19
209 1985 Churdhar Himachal Pradesh 56.59
210 1982 Ratanmahal Gujarat 55.65
211 1991 Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh 55
212 1984 Aralam Kerala 55
213 1983 Peppara Kerala 53
214 1956 Jaisamand Rajasthan 52
215 1984 Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary Sikkim 51.76
216 1984 Fambong Lho Sikkim 51.76
217 1980 Nahargarh Rajasthan 50
218 1974 Melkote Temple Karnataka 49.82
219 1984 Parasnath Bihar 49.23
220 inconnue Pabha Assam 49
221 1988 Binsar Uttarakhand 45.59
222 1981 Ken Gharial Madhya Pradesh 45
223 1982 Harike Lake Punjab 43
224 1981 Sone Gharial Madhya Pradesh 41.8
225 1991 Khawnglung Mizoram 41
226 1989 Dipor Beel Assam 40
227 1989 Paniya Gujarat 39.63
228 1981 Surinsar-Mansar Jammu & Kashmir 39.58
229 1976 Senchal West Bengal 38.88
230 1987 Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary Assam 38.83
231 1962 Raksham Chitkul Himachal Pradesh 38.27
232 1976 Lothian Island West Bengal 38
233 1962 Naina Devi Himachal Pradesh 37.19
234 1978 Siwaram Andhra Pradesh 36.29
235 1962 Talra Himachal Pradesh 36.16
236 1978 Rajgir Bihar 35.84
237 1987 Maenam Sikkim 35.34
238 1981 Nandini Jammu & Kashmir 33.72
239 1984 Shingba Rhododendron Sikkim 32.5
240 1987 Overa Jammu & Kashmir 32.37
241 1962 Majathal Himachal Pradesh 31.64
242 1954 Manali sanctuary Himachal Pradesh 31.27
243 1949 Kalatop & Khajjiar Himachal Pradesh 30.69
244 1970 Tansa Maharashtra 30.41
245 1974 Nugu Karnataka 30.32
246 1974 Ghataprabha Karnataka 29.78
247 1962 Lippa Asrang Himachal Pradesh 29.53
248 1987 Landfall Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 29.48
249 1987 Malvan Marine Maharashtra 29.12
250 1981 Nongkhyllem Meghalaya 29
251 1962 Daranghati Himachal Pradesh 27.01
252 1980 Barnadi Assam 26.22
253 1987 Limber Jammu & Kashmir 26
254 Sukhna Chandigarh 25.42
255 1983 Thattekkad Bird Kerala 25
256 1983 Crocodile (Lohabrrack) Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 22.21
257 1986 Hastinapur Uttar Pradesh 20.73
258 inconnue Tongri Jammu & Kashmir 20
259 1978 Manjira Andhra Pradesh 20
260 1987 Sepahijala Tripura 18.53
261 1954 Khokhan Himachal Pradesh 17.6
262 inconnue Point Calimere Tamil Nadu 17.26
263 1958 Simbalbara Himachal Pradesh 17.2
264 1987 Chilka Lake (Nalaban) Orissa 15.53
265 1988 Rampura Gujarat 15.01
266 1985 Arabithittu Karnataka 13.5
267 inconnue Indira Priyadarshini Delhi 13.2
268 1983 Sailana Florican Madhya Pradesh 12.96
269 1981 Ramnagar Jammu & Kashmir 12.9
270 1954 Kais Himachal Pradesh 12.2
271 1975 Bir Shikargarh Haryana 10.93
272 1985 Sagershwar Maharashtra 10.87
273 1987 Defence Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 10.49
274 inconnue Hokarsar Jammu & Kashmir 10
275 1987 Cinque Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 9.51
276 1987 Flat Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 9.36
277 1987 Buchaan Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 9.33
278 1977 Barren Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 8.1
279 1987 Kyd Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 8
280 1972 Bondla Wildlife Goa 8
281 1987 Shearme Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 7.85
282 1987 Paget Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 7.36
283 1985 Tilanchang Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 6.83
284 1977 Narcondum Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 6.81
285 1987 West Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 6.4
286 1987 East Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 6.11
287 1976 Halliday Island West Bengal 5.95
288 1987 Ranger Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 4.26
289 1987 Swamp Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 4.09
290 1987 East (Inglis) Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 3.55
291 1977 North Reef Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 3.48
292 1987 Benett Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 3.46
293 1987 Talabaicha Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 3.21
294 1987 Point Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 3.07
295 1987 Baltal Jammu & Kashmir 3
296 1987 Bondoville Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 2.55
297 1987 Table (Delgarno) Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 2.29
298 1985 Battimalve Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 2.23
299 1987 James Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 2.1
300 1979 Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary Goa 1.8
301 1987 Reef Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 1.74
302 1987 Table (Excelsior) Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 1.69
303 1977 South Sentinel Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 1.61
304 1987 Sandy Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 1.58
305 1987 Roper Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 1.46
306 1987 Pitman Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 1.37
307 1987 South Brother Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 1.24
308 1987 South Reef Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 1.17
309 1987 Bluff Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 1.14
310 1987 Sir Huge Rose Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 1.06
311 1987 Temple Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 1.04
312 1987 Ross Island Îles Andaman-et-Nicobar 1.01
313 inconnue Ranganthittu Karnataka 0.67
314 inconnue Bir Motibagh Punjab inconnue
315 inconnue Bhagmara Meghalaya inconnue
316 inconnue Tal Chappar Rajasthan inconnue
317 inconnue Renuka Himachal Pradesh inconnue
318 inconnue Shilli Himachal Pradesh inconnue
319 inconnue Bir Bunnerheri Punjab inconnue
320 inconnue Bassi (en) Rajasthan inconnue
321 inconnue National Garhial Rajasthan inconnue
322 inconnue Khijadiya Gujarat inconnue
323 inconnue Bir Gurdialpura Punjab inconnue
324 inconnue Asan Bradge Bird Watching Uttar Pradesh inconnue
325 inconnue Chilla Uttar Pradesh inconnue
326 inconnue Mahavir Swamy Uttar Pradesh inconnue
327 inconnue Nawabganj Uttar Pradesh inconnue
328 inconnue Samaspur Uttar Pradesh inconnue
329 inconnue Dhakna Kolkaz Maharashtra inconnue
330 inconnue Gandhari Maharashtra inconnue
331 inconnue Wainganga Maharashtra inconnue
332 inconnue Dhumkhal Gujarat inconnue
333 inconnue Ushakothi Orissa inconnue
334 inconnue Chandra Prabha Bihar inconnue
335 inconnue Topchanchi Bihar inconnue
336 inconnue Bibnutibhushan West Bengal inconnue
337 inconnue Betuadahary West Bengal inconnue
338 inconnue Ballavpur West Bengal inconnue
339 inconnue Chapramari West Bengal inconnue
340 inconnue Gorumara West Bengal inconnue
341 inconnue Jorpokhri West Bengal inconnue
342 inconnue Mahananda West Bengal inconnue
343 inconnue Parnadhan West Bengal inconnue
344 inconnue Ramnabagan West Bengal inconnue
345 inconnue Raiganj West Bengal inconnue
346 inconnue Kyongasia Alpine Sikkim inconnue
347 inconnue Garampani Assam inconnue
348 inconnue Siju Meghalaya inconnue
349 inconnue Pulebatze Nagaland inconnue
350 inconnue Fakim Nagaland inconnue
351 inconnue Charilam Tripura inconnue
352 inconnue Lanjamadugu Andhra Pradesh inconnue
353 inconnue Karikili Tamil Nadu inconnue
354 inconnue Vedantangal Tamil Nadu inconnue
355 inconnue Vettangudi Tamil Nadu inconnue
356 inconnue Vallanadu Tamil Nadu 16.41
357 inconnue Kumarakom Kerala inconnue