Liste des volcans du Japon

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Cet article recense les volcans du Japon.

Groupes géographiques[modifier | modifier le code]

Hokkaidō[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom Forme Altitude Dernière éruption Île Coordonnées
Akan Caldeira 1 499 2006 Hokkaidō 43° 23′ N 144° 01′ E / 43.383, 144.017 (Akan)
Asahidake Stratovolcans 2 290 1739 Hokkaidō 43° 40′ N 142° 51′ E / 43.67, 142.85 (Asahidake)
E Stratovolcan 618 1874 Hokkaidō 41° 48′ N 141° 10′ E / 41.8, 141.17 (E)
Hokkaidō Komagatake Stratovolcan 1 131 2000 Hokkaidō 42° 04′ N 140° 41′ E / 42.067, 140.683 (Hokkaidō Komagatake)
Stratovolcan 1 563  ? Hokkaidō 44° 08′ N 145° 10′ E / 44.133, 145.17 ()
Kutcharo Caldeira 999  ? Hokkaidō 43° 36′ N 144° 27′ E / 43.6, 144.45 (Kutcharo)
Kuttara Stratovolcans 581  ? Hokkaidō 42° 29′ N 141° 10′ E / 42.483, 141.17 (Kuttara)
Mashū Caldeira 855  ? Hokkaidō 43° 34′ N 144° 34′ E / 43.567, 144.567 (Mashū)
Nipesotsu-Maruyama Stratovolcans 2 013 1899 Hokkaidō 43° 27′ N 143° 02′ E / 43.45, 143.033 (Nipesotsu-Maruyama)
Niseko Stratovolcans 1 154 -4050 Hokkaidō 42° 53′ N 140° 38′ E / 42.883, 140.633 (Niseko)
Oshima-Oshima Stratovolcan 737  ? Oshima-Oshima 41° 30′ N 139° 22′ E / 41.5, 139.367 (Oshima-Oshima)
Rausu Stratovolcan 1 660 1880 Hokkaidō 44° 04′ N 145° 08′ E / 44.067, 145.133 (Rausu)
Rishiri Stratovolcan 1 721 -5830 Rhishiri 45° 11′ N 141° 15′ E / 45.183, 141.25 (Rishiri)
Shikaribetsu Dômes de lave 1 401 Holocène Hokkaidō 43° 19′ N 143° 06′ E / 43.317, 143.1 (Shikaribetsu)
Shikotsu Caldeira -5 000 1981 Hokkaidō 42° 48′ N 141° 21′ E / 42.8, 141.35 (Shikotsu)
Tokachi Stratovolcans 2 077 1989 Hokkaidō 43° 25′ N 142° 41′ E / 43.417, 142.683 (Tokachi)
Usu Stratovolcan 737 2001 Hokkaidō 42° 32′ N 140° 51′ E / 42.533, 140.85 (Usu)
Yōtei Stratovolcan 1 898 Holocène Hokkaidō 42° 50′ N 140° 49′ E / 42.83, 140.817 (Yōtei)

Honshū[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom Forme Altitude Dernière éruption Île Coordonnées
Abu Volcans boucliers 641  ? Honshū 34° 30′ N 131° 36′ E / 34.5, 131.6 (Abu)
Adatara Stratovolcans 1 718 1990 Honshū 37° 39′ N 140° 17′ E / 37.65, 140.283 (Adatara)
Akagi Stratovolcan 1 828  ? Honshū 36° 33′ N 139° 12′ E / 36.55, 139.2 (Akagi)
Akita-Komaga Stratovolcans 1 637 1971 Honshū 39° 45′ N 140° 48′ E / 39.75, 140.8 (Akita-Komaga)
Akita-Yake Stratovolcan 1 366 1997 Honshū 39° 58′ N 140° 46′ E / 39.967, 140.767 (Akita-Yake)
Asama Volcan complexe 2 568 2009 Honshū 36° 24′ N 138° 32′ E / 36.4, 138.533 (Asama)
Azuma Stratovolcans 2 035 1977 Honshū 37° 44′ N 140° 15′ E / 37.733, 140.25 (Azuma)
Bandai Stratovolcan 1 819 1888 Honshū 37° 36′ N 140° 05′ E / 37.6, 140.083 (Bandai)
Chōkai Stratovolcans 2 233 1974 Honshū 39° 06′ N 140° 03′ E / 39.1, 140.05 (Chōkai)
Fuji Stratovolcan 3 776 1707 Honshū 35° 21′ N 138° 44′ E / 35.35, 138.733 (Fuji)
Hachimantai Stratovolcan 1 614  ? Honshū 39° 57′ N 140° 51′ E / 39.95, 140.85 (Hachimantai)
Hakkōda Stratovolcans 1 585 1997 Honshū 40° 39′ N 140° 53′ E / 40.65, 140.883 (Hakkōda)
Hakone Caldeira 1 438 1170 ± 100 ans Honshū 35° 14′ N 139° 01′ E / 35.233, 139.017 (Hakone)
Haku Stratovolcan 2 702 1659 Honshū 36° 09′ N 136° 46′ E / 36.15, 136.767 (Haku)
Haruna Stratovolcan 1 730 -550 ± 10 ans Honshū 36° 28′ N 138° 51′ E / 36.467, 138.85 (Haruna)
Hijiori Caldeira 516 -8300 ± 1000 ans Honshū 38° 36′ N 140° 11′ E / 38.6, 140.183 (Hijiori)
Hiuchi Stratovolcan 2 356 1544 Honshū 36° 57′ N 139° 17′ E / 36.95, 139.283 (Hiuchi)
Iwaki Stratovolcan 1 625 1863 Honshū 40° 39′ N 140° 18′ E / 40.65, 140.3 (Iwaki)
Iwate Volcan complexe 2 041 1919 Honshū 39° 51′ N 141° 00′ E / 39.85, 141 (Iwate)
Izu-Tobu Cônes pyroclastiques 1 406 1989 Honshū 34° 54′ N 139° 06′ E / 34.9, 139.1 (Izu-Tobu)
Tateshina Stratovolcans 2 530  ? Honshū 36° 06′ N 138° 18′ E / 36.1, 138.3 (Tateshina)
Kurikoma Stratovolcan 1 628 1950 Honshū 38° 57′ N 140° 48′ E / 38.95, 140.8 (Kurikoma)
Kusatsu-Shirane Stratovolcans 2 171 1989 Honshū 36° 37′ N 138° 32′ E / 36.617, 138.533 (Kusatsu-Shirane)
Megata Maars 291 -2050 Honshū 39° 57′ N 139° 44′ E / 39.95, 139.733 (Megata)
Myōkō Stratovolcan 2 446 -2360 ± 150 ans Honshū 36° 53′ N 138° 07′ E / 36.883, 138.117 (Myōkō)
Nantai Stratovolcan 2 486  ? Honshū 36° 46′ N 139° 30′ E / 36.767, 139.5 (Nantai)
Narugo Caldeira 470 837 Honshū 38° 44′ N 140° 44′ E / 38.733, 140.733 (Narugo)
Nasu Stratovolcans 1 915 1963 Honshū 37° 07′ N 139° 58′ E / 37.117, 139.967 (Nasu)
Niigatayake Dôme de lave 2 400 1998 Honshū 36° 55′ N 138° 02′ E / 36.917, 138.033 (Niigatayake)
Nikkō-Shirane Volcan bouclier 2 578 1890 Honshū 36° 48′ N 139° 23′ E / 36.8, 139.383 (Nikkō-Shirane)
Norikura Stratovolcans 3 026 -6870 ± 500 ans Honshū 36° 06′ N 137° 33′ E / 36.1, 137.55 (Norikura)
Numazawa Volcan bouclier 1 100 -2980 ± 150 ans Honshū 37° 27′ N 139° 35′ E / 37.45, 139.583 (Numazawa)
Oki-Dōgo Volcan bouclier 151  ? Dōgo 36° 11′ N 133° 20′ E / 36.183, 133.33 (Oki-Dogo)
Omanago Dômes de lave 2 367  ? Honshū 36° 48′ N 139° 31′ E / 36.8, 139.517 (Omanago)
Ontake Volcan complexe 3 063 2014 Honshū 35° 53′ N 137° 29′ E / 35.883, 137.483 (Ontake)
Osore Stratovolcan 879 1787 Honshū 41° 17′ N 141° 07′ E / 41.283, 141.117 (Osore)
Sanbe Stratovolcan 1 126 -1760 ± 150 ans Honshū 35° 08′ N 132° 37′ E / 35.133, 132.617 (Sanbe)
Shiga Volcans boucliers 2 041  ? Honshū 36° 41′ N 138° 31′ E / 36.683, 138.517 (Shiga)
Takahara Stratovolcan 1 511 -4570 Honshū 36° 54′ N 139° 47′ E / 36.9, 139.783 (Takahara)
Tate Stratovolcan 2 621 1858 Honshū 36° 34′ N 137° 36′ E / 36.567, 137.6 (Tate)
Towada Caldeira 1 159 915 Honshū 40° 28′ N 140° 55′ E / 40.467, 140.917 (Towada)
Washiba-Kumontaira Volcans boucliers 2 924 -4000 Honshū 36° 24′ N 137° 36′ E / 36.4, 137.6 (Washiba-Kumontaira)
Yake Stratovolcans 2 455 1995 Honshū 36° 13′ N 137° 35′ E / 36.217, 137.583 (Yake)
Zaō Volcan complexe 1 841 1940 Honshū 38° 08′ N 140° 27′ E / 38.133, 140.45 (Zaō)

Archipel d'Izu[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom Forme Altitude Dernière éruption Île Coordonnées
Aogashima Stratovolcan 423 1785 Aogashima 32° 27′ N 139° 46′ E / 32.45, 139.767 (Aogashima)
Bayonnaise Volcan sous-marin 11 1970 - 31° 53′ N 139° 55′ E / 31.883, 139.917 (Bayonnaise)
Doyo Volcan sous-marin -860  ? - 27° 41′ N 140° 48′ E / 27.683, 140.8 (Doyo)
Hachijōjima Stratovolcans 854 1707 Hachijōjima 33° 08′ N 139° 46′ E / 33.133, 139.767 (Hachijōjima)
Izu Ōshima Stratovolcan 764 1790 Izu Ōshima 34° 43′ N 139° 24′ E / 34.717, 139.4 (Izu Ōshima)
Kōzushima Dômes de lave 572 838 Kōzushima 34° 13′ N 139° 09′ E / 34.217, 139.15 (Kōzushima)
Kurose Volcan sous-marin -107  ? - 33° 24′ N 139° 41′ E / 33.4, 139.683 (Kurose)
Mikurajima Stratovolcan 851 -3450 Mikurajima 33° 52′ N 139° 36′ E / 33.867, 139.6 (Mikurajima)
Miyakejima Stratovolcan 815 2005 Miyakejima 34° 05′ N 139° 32′ E / 34.083, 139.533 (Miyakejima)
Mokuyo Volcan sous-marin -920  ? - 28° 19′ N 140° 34′ E / 28.317, 140.567 (Mokuyo)
Myojin Volcan sous-marin 360  ? - 32° 06′ N 139° 51′ E / 32.1, 139.85 (Myojin)
Niijima Dômes de lave 432 886 Niijima 34° 24′ N 139° 16′ E / 34.4, 139.267 (Niijima)
Smith Rock Volcan sous-marin 136  ? - 31° 26′ N 140° 03′ E / 31.433, 140.05 (Smith Rock)
Sofugan Stratovolcan 99  ? Sofugan 29° 47′ N 140° 21′ E / 29.783, 140.35 (Sofugan)
Suiyo Volcan sous-marin -1 418  ? - 28° 36′ N 140° 38′ E / 28.6, 140.633 (Suiyo)
Torishima Stratovolcan 394 2002 Torishima 30° 29′ N 140° 18′ E / 30.483, 140.3 (Torishima)
Toshima Stratovolcan 508 -4050 Toshima 34° 31′ N 139° 17′ E / 34.517, 139.283 (Toshima)

Kyūshū[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom Forme Altitude Dernière éruption Île Coordonnées
Aso Caldeira 1 592 2004 Kyūshū 32° 53′ N 131° 06′ E / 32.883, 131.1 (Aso)
Fukuejima Volcans boucliers 317 -550 Fukuejima 32° 39′ N 128° 51′ E / 32.65, 128.85 (Fukuejima)
Ibusuki Volcanic Field Caldeiras 922 885 Kyūshū 31° 13′ N 130° 34′ E / 31.217, 130.567 (Ibusuki Volcanic Field)
Monts Kirishima Cônes et cratères volcaniques 1 700 1992 Kyūshū 31° 56′ N 130° 52′ E / 31.933, 130.867 (Kirishima)
Kuju Stratovolcans 1 791 1996 Kyūshū 33° 05′ N 131° 15′ E / 33.083, 131.25 (Kuju)
Sakurajima Stratovolcan 1 117 2009 Kyūshū 31° 35′ N 130° 39′ E / 31.583, 130.65 (Sakurajima)
Sumiyoshi-ike Maars 15 -4550 Kyūshū 31° 46′ N 130° 36′ E / 31.767, 130.6 (Sumiyoshi-ike)
Mont Tsurumi Dôme de lave 1 374 867 Kyūshū 33° 17′ N 131° 26′ E / 33.283, 131.433 (Mont Tsurumi)
Mont Unzen Volcan complexe 1 500 1996 Kyūshū 32° 45′ N 130° 18′ E / 32.75, 130.3 (Unzen)
Mont Yufu Dôme de lave 1 584 -200 Kyūshū 33° 16′ 55″ N 131° 23′ 24″ E / 33.282, 131.390047 (Mont Yufu)

Îles Ryūkyū[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom Forme Altitude Dernière éruption Île Coordonnées
Akusekijima Stratovolcans 584  ? Akusekijima 29° 28′ N 129° 36′ E / 29.467, 129.6 (Akusekijima)
Iriomote Volcan sous-marin -200 1924 - 24° 33′ N 124° 00′ E / 24.55, 124 (Iriomote)
Iōtorishima Volcan complexe 212 1968 Iōtorishima 27° 53′ N 128° 13′ E / 27.883, 128.217 (Iōtorishima)
Kikai Caldeira 704 2004 Iōjima 30° 47′ N 130° 18′ E / 30.783, 130.3 (Kikai)
Kogajajima Dômes de lave 301  ? Kogajajima 29° 53′ N 129° 38′ E / 29.883, 129.633 (Kogajajima)
Kuchinoerabu Stratovolcans 657 1999 Kuchinoerabu 30° 26′ N 130° 13′ E / 30.433, 130.217 (Kuchinoerabu)
Kuchinshima Stratovolcans 628  ? Kuchinshima 29° 58′ N 129° 56′ E / 29.967, 129.933 (Kuchinshima)
Nakanoshima Stratovolcans 979 1949 Nakanoshima 29° 51′ N 129° 52′ E / 29.85, 129.867 (Nakanoshima)
Suwanosejima Stratovolcans 799 2007 Suwanosejima 29° 38′ N 129° 43′ E / 29.633, 129.717 (Suwanosejima)
Yokoatejima Stratovolcans 495 -1835 ± 30 ans Yokoatejima 28° 48′ N 128° 59′ E / 28.8, 128.983 (Yokoatejima)

Autres[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom Forme Altitude Dernière éruption Île Coordonnées
Daikoku Volcan sous-marin -323  ? - 21° 19′ N 144° 12′ E / 21.317, 144.2 (Daikoku)
Fukujin Volcan sous-marin -217 1974 - 21° 56′ N 143° 28′ E / 21.933, 143.467 (Fukujin)
Fukutoku-Okanoba Volcan sous-marin -14 2005 - 24° 17′ N 141° 29′ E / 24.283, 141.483 (Fukutoku-Okanoba)
Iwo Jima Caldeira 161 1997 Iwo Jima 24° 45′ N 141° 17′ E / 24.75, 141.283 (Iwo Jima)
Kaikata Volcan sous-marin -162  ? - 26° 40′ N 141° 00′ E / 26.67, 141 (Kaikata)
Kaitoku Volcan sous-marin -103 1984 - 26° 07′ N 141° 06′ E / 26.117, 141.1 (Kaitoku)
Kasuga Volcan sous-marin 200 1959 - 21° 45′ N 143° 43′ E / 21.75, 143.717 (Kasuga)
Kita-Fukutokutai Volcan sous-marin -73 1954 - 24° 25′ N 141° 25′ E / 24.417, 141.417 (Kita-Fukutokutai)
Kita-Iwojima Stratovolcan 792 1953 Kita-Iwojima 25° 25′ N 141° 17′ E / 25.417, 141.283 (Kita-Iwojima)
Minami Kasuga Volcan sous-marin -274  ? - 21° 36′ N 143° 38′ E / 21.6, 143.633 (Minami Kasuga)
Minami-Hiyoshi Volcan sous-marin -30 1975 - 23° 30′ N 141° 56′ E / 23.5, 141.933 (Minami-Hiyoshi)
Nikko Volcan sous-marin -391  ? - 23° 04′ N 142° 18′ E / 23.067, 142.3 (Nikko)
Nishinoshima Caldeira 38 1974 Nishinoshima 27° 16′ N 140° 53′ E / 27.267, 140.883 (Nishinoshima)

Voir aussi[modifier | modifier le code]

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Liens externes[modifier | modifier le code]

Références[modifier | modifier le code]