Liste des noms d'Odin

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Cet article contient la liste des noms d'Odin, le dieu principal de la mythologie nordique.

Noms et étymologie[modifier | modifier le code]

Nom
(transcrit)
Nom
(vieux norrois)
Étymologie Sources
Aldaföðr Father of men or of the age/world (Père des hommes, Père des âges, Père du Monde) Óðins nöfn (1), Vafþrúðnismál (4, 53)
Aldagautr Gautr of men (or of the age/world) Baldrs draumar (2)
Alföðr Alfodr Allfather, Father of All (Père de tous, Père de toute chose) Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (48), Óðins nöfn (2)
Algingautr The aged Gautr The Icelandic rune poem (4)
Angan Friggjar Delight of Frigg Völuspá (54)
Arnhöfði Eagle Head Óðins nöfn (2)
Atriðr, Atriði attacking rider, 'At-Rider' Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (48), Óðins nöfn (1)
Asagrim (< *Ásagrimmr)[1] Lord of the Aesir (Seigneur des Ases) Stolt Herr Alf
Auðun friend of wealth (Edwin, Audoin) Óðins nöfn (1)
Bági ulfs Enemy of the Wolf (L’ennemi du Loup) Sonatorrek (23)
Baldrsfaðr Balder's Father (Père de Baldr)
Báleygr Baleyg Flaming Eye, Shifty Eyed (Œil de flamme, Œil vif) Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (47), Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld's Hákonardrápa (6), Gísl Illugason's Erfikvæði um Magnús berfœtt (1), þulur, Óðins nöfn (6), Grettisrímur V (61)
Biflindi / Spear Shaker, Shield Shaker Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óðins nöfn (6)
Bileygr Bileyg Flashing Eye or Wavering Eye Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), þulur, Óðins nöfn (5)
Blindi, Blindr / Blind Gylfaginning, Helgakviða Hundingsbana II (prose)
Brúni, Brúnn Brown, Bear Óðins nöfn (6)
Böðgæðir Battle Enhancer
Bölverkr 'Bale-Worker' or Evil Worker or Evil Deed Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Hávamál (109), Grímnismál (47), Óðins nöfn (7)
Bragi Chieftain
Bróðir Vilis, Bróðir Vilja Vili's Brother
Burr Bors Borr's Son (Fils de Borr)
Byrlindi Distorted version of Biflindi[2] Sturlaugsrímur III (50)
Darraðr, Dorruðr Spearman
Draugadróttinn Lord of the undead Ynglinga saga
Dresvarpr Óðins nöfn (2)
Ein sköpuðr galdra Sole Creator of Magical Songs
Ennibrattr High (lit., 'straight') forehead Óðins nöfn (6)
Eylúðr The ever booming Óðins nöfn (6)
Faðmbyggvir Friggjar Dweller in Frigg's Embrace
Faðr galdr Father of Magical Songs
Farmagnuðr, Farmögnuðr journey empowerer Háleygjatal (2), Skáldskaparmál
Farmaguð, Farmatýr Farmagud, Farmatyr God of Cargoes (or Burdens) Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (48), Óðins nöfn (2)
Farmr arma Gunnlaðar Burden of Gunnlöð's Arms
Farmr galga Gallows' Burden
Fengr Fetcher or Catcher Óðins nöfn (2)
Fimbultýr Fimbultyr Mighty God Völuspá (60)
Fimbulþulr[3] Fimbulthul Mighty Thuler Hávamál (80, 142)
Fjallgeiguðr Shape god Óðins nöfn (2)
Fjölnir[4] Fjolnir Wise One, concealer Grímnismál (47), Reginsmál (18), Gylfaginning (3, 20), many skaldic poems, þulur, Óðins nöfn (2), Skíðaríma (91, 174)
Fjölsviðr Fjolsvid, Fjolsvin Very Wise Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Óðins nöfn (2)
Fjörgynn Fjorgyn Masculine counterpart of feminine Fjörgyn meaning "land/earth" Lokasenna (26), Völuspá (56)
Foldardróttinn Lord of the Earth
Forni Ancient One
Fornölvir Ancient Ölvir Óðins nöfn (2)
Fráríðr, Fráríði The one who rides forth Óðins nöfn (2), Grettisrímur III (1), Sturlaugsrímur VI (47)
Frumverr Friggjar First husband of Frigg
Fundinn The Found Óláfsrímur Tryggvasonar A III (1)
Gagnráðr Gagnrad Advantage Counsel Vafþrúðnismál (8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17)
Galdraföðr Father of Magical Songs
Gangari, Ganglari, Gangleri [5] / Wanderer or Wayweary Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46), Óðins nöfn (3)
Gangráðr 'Gain Rede,' Contrary advisor, Journey Advisor Óðins nöfn (3)
Gapþrosnir The one in gaping frenzy Óðins nöfn (3)
Gautatýr Gautatyr God of the Geats Skáldskaparmál, Eyvindr skáldaspillir's Hákonarmál (1)
Gautr[6] Gaut Gautr Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (54), Óðins nöfn (1), Friðþjófsrímur, Skíðaríma, Landrésrímur, Hjálmþérsrímur, Geiplur, Bjarkarímur, Griplur, Þrændlur, Skáldhelgarímur, Blávusrímur, Geirarðsrímur, Völsungsrímur
Geiguðr Dangler Óðins nöfn (3)
Geirlöðnir Spear inviter Óðins nöfn (3)
Geirölnir Spear charger Óðins nöfn (5)
Geirtýr Gore/Spear God
Geirvaldr Gore/Spear Master
Geldnir
Ginnarr Deceiver Óðins nöfn (1)
Gizurr[7] Riddler Óðins nöfn (1)
Gestumblindi / Blind Guest Hervarar saga (10), þulur, Óðins nöfn (7)
Glapsviðr Glapsvid, Glapsvin Swift in Deceit, Swift Tricker, Maddener, Wise in magical spells Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Óðins nöfn (3)
Goði hrafnblóts Goði of the Raven-offering
Goðjaðarr God Protector
Göllnir Yeller Óðins nöfn (3)
Gollorr Yeller Óðins nöfn (1)
Göllungr Yeller Óðins nöfn (5)
Göndlir [8] Gondlir Wand-Bearer, Wand-Wielder Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óðins nöfn (3)
Gramr Hliðskjálfar King of Hliðskjalf
Grímnir Grimnir Hooded, Masked One Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (introduction, 47, 49), Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld's lausavísur (9), Eilífr Goðrúnarson's Þórsdrápa (3), Húsdrápa (1), Rögnvaldr kali Kolsson's lausavísur (7), þulur, Óðins nöfn (1)
Grímr Grim Mask Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46, 47), þulur, Óðins nöfn (3, 7)
Gunnblindi Battle blinder Óðins nöfn (8)
Hagvirkr Skilful worker Óðins nöfn (4)
Hangadróttinn Lord of the hanged (Le seigneur des pendus) Ynglinga saga
Hangaguð, Hangatýr Hangagud, Hangatyr God of the Hanged Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál
Hangi Hanged One (Le Pendu)
Haptabeiðir Commander of Leaders
Haptaguð Haptagud God of Prisoners Gylfaginning
Haptasnytrir Teacher of Gods (L’enseignant des Dieux)
Haptsönir Fetter Loosener
Hárbarðr Harbard Hoary Beard, Grey Beard Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Hárbardsljód, þulur, Óðins nöfn (3)
Hárr Har High Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46), Óðins nöfn (2)
Harri Hliðskjálfar Lord of Hliðskjalf
Hávi Havi High One Hávamál (109, 111, 164), Óðins nöfn (4)
Heimþinguðr hanga Visitor of the Hanged
Helblindi [9] / Hel Blinder Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46)
Hengikeptr, Hengikjopt Hang jaw (Mâchoire pendante) Óðins nöfn (4)
Herblindi Host blinder Óðins nöfn (5)
Herföðr, Herjaföðr Herfodr, Herjafodr Father of Hosts Gylfaginning, Völuspá (29, 43), Vafthrúdnismál (2), Grímnismál (19, 25, 26), Óðins nöfn (5)
Hergautr Host Gautr
Herjan / Warrior, Harrier, Lord Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46), Óðins nöfn (2)
Herteitr Herteit War-merry Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Óðins nöfn (3)
Hertýr Hertyr Host-Tyr or God of Hosts Skáldskaparmál
Hildolfr Battle Wolf
Hjaldrgegnir Engager of Battle (L'initiateur de bataille)
Hjaldrgoð God of battle (Dieu de Bataille)
Hjálmberi Hjalmberi Helmet Bearer Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46), þulur, Óðins nöfn (2)
Hjarrandi Screamer Óðins nöfn (4)
Hléfreyr Famous/barrow lord Óðins nöfn (5)
Hleifruðr Óðins nöfn (4)
Hnikarr Hnikar Overthrower, Thruster Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Reginsmál (18, 19), Óðins nöfn (2)
Hnikuðr Hnikud Overthrower Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (48), Óðins nöfn (1)
Hoárr One Eyed (N'a qu'un œil, le Borgne)
Hötter Hatter
Hovi High One (Le Très-Haut)
Hrafnaguð, Hrafnáss Hrafnagud Raven God (Le Dieu Corbeau) Gylfaginning
Hrafnfreistuðr Raven tester
Hrami Fetterer, Ripper Óðins nöfn (4)
Hrani Blusterer
Hrjóðr Roarer Óðins nöfn (4)
Hroptr, Hroptatýr Hropt, Hroptatyr Sage[10] Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Hákonarmál (14), Úlfr Uggason's Húsdrápa (8), Hávamál (160), Grímnismál (54), Sigrdrífumál (13), Óðins nöfn (2, 3, 5)
Hrosshársgrani Horse hair moustache Gautreks saga, Óðins nöfn (4)
Hvatmóðr Courage of the whet-stone Óðins nöfn (5)
Hveðrungr Roarer or Weather-maker Óðins nöfn (5)
Itreker Splendid Ruler
Jafnhárr Jafnhar 'Evenhigh,' Just as High, Equally High Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óðins nöfn (8)
Jalfaðr Yellow-brown Back
Jálg, Jálkr Jalk Gelding or Gelder Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49, 54), Óðins nöfn (7)
Jarngrímr Iron Mask (Masque de Fer)
Jólnir, Jölnir Yule figure Óðins nöfn (7)
Jolfr Horse-wolf, Bear (Le Loup-cheval, l'Ours)
Jölfuðr, Jölföðr Yule father (Le Père de Yule) Óðins nöfn (8)
Jörmunr The mighty one, cosmic Óðins nöfn (8)
Kjalarr Kjalar Keel, Nourisher Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (49), Óðins nöfn (1)
Langbarðr Langbard Long Beard (Longue Barbe) þulur, Óðins nöfn (7)
Löndungr, Loðungr Shaggy Cloak Wearer Óðins nöfn (7)
Niðr Bors Borr's Kin
Njótr User, enjoyer or needed one Óðins nöfn (6)
Ófnir Inciter Óðins nöfn (7)
Olgr Protector, Hawk (Le Protecteur, le Faucon) Óðins nöfn (6)
Ómi Omi Resounding one Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óðins nöfn (7)
Óski Oski God of Wishes, Wished For Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óðins nöfn (8)
Rauðgrani Red Mustache (Moustache rouge) Bárðar saga Snæfellsáss 18[11], O˛rvar-Odds saga 19ff.[12]
Reiðartýr Wagon God or God of riders
Rögnir Chief ('He that reigns') Óðins nöfn (5)
Rúnatýr God of Runes (Le Dieu des Runes)
Runni vagna Mover of Constellations
Saðr Sadr, Sann Truthful, Sooth Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Óðins nöfn (8)
Sanngetall / Finder of Truth/Sooth Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Óðins nöfn (7)
Síðgrani Sidgrani Long Beard (Longue Barbe) Alvíssmál (6)
Síðhöttr Sidhott [13] Broad Hat Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (48), þulur, Óðins nöfn (4)
Síðskeggr Sidskegg Long Beard (Longue Barbe) Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (48), þulur, Óðins nöfn (6)
Sigðir Victory giver (Celui qui donne la victoire) Óðins nöfn (6)
Sigföðr Sigfodr Father of Victory, War Father (Père de la victoire, Père de la guerre) Gylfaginning, Völuspá (54), Grímnismál (48), Óðins nöfn (4)
Siggautr Victory Geat Óðins nöfn (6)
Sigrhofundr Victory Author (Auteur de la victoire)
Sigmundr Victory protection (Protecteur de la victoire) Óðins nöfn (6)
Sigrúnnr Victory Tree (Arbre de la victoire)
Sigtryggr Sure of victory (Victory-true) Óðins nöfn (8)
Sigtýr[14] Sigtyr God of Victory, War God Skáldskaparmál, Atlakviða (30), Glúmr Geirason's Gráfeldardrápa (12)
Sigþrór Successful in victory, Thriving in victory Óðins nöfn (8)
Skilfingr Skilfing Trembler or he of Hlidshilf Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (54), Óðins nöfn (8)
Skollvaldr Ruler of treachery Óðins nöfn (6)
Sonr Bestlu Son of Bestla (Fils de Bestla)
Spjalli Gauta Friend of the Goths (Ami des Goths)
Sváfnir [15] Svafnir Sleep bringer, Closer Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (54), Óðins nöfn (4)
Sveigðir Reed Bringer
Sviðarr Svidar Gylfaginning
Sviðrir Svidrir Calmer Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (50), Óðins nöfn (6)
Sviðuðr Óðins nöfn (4)
Sviðurr Svidur Wise One (Le Sage) Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (50), Óðins nöfn (6)
Svipall / Changing, Fleeting (or shape-shifter) Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Óðins nöfn (3)
Svölnir Svolnir Cooler Skáldskaparmál, Óðins nöfn (6)
Tveggi Double Óðins nöfn (8)
Tvíblindi Tviblindi Twice Blind þulur, Óðins nöfn (4)
Þekkr Thekk Known, Welcome One Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46), Óðins nöfn (7)
Þrasarr Quarreler (Le querelleur) Óðins nöfn (4)
Þriði Thridi Third (Le troisième) Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (46), Óðins nöfn (5)
Þriggi Triple
Þrór Thror Burgeoning, Thriving Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óðins nöfn (8)
Þróttr Thrott Strength Glymdrápa (2)
Þuðr Thud, Thunn Lean, Pale Gylfaginning, Óðins nöfn (7)
Þundr Thund Thunderer Gylfaginning, Hávamál (145), Grímnismál (46, 54), Óðins nöfn (7)
Uðr Ud, Unn[16] Loved, Beloved, Striver Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46), Óðins nöfn (7)
Váfuðr Vafud Wanderer Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (54)
Váfuðr Gungnis Swinger of Gungnir
Váði vitnis Foe of the Wolf
Vakr Vak Wakeful, Awakener Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (54), Óðins nöfn (7)
Valdr galga Ruler of Gallows
Valdr vagnbrautar Ruler of Heaven
Valföðr Valfodr Father of the Slain Gylfaginning, Völuspá (1, 27, 28), Grímnismál (48), þulur, Óðins nöfn (5)
Valgautr Valgaut Slaughter-Geat, Geat of the Slain Skáldskaparmál, Óðins nöfn (8)
Valkjosandi Chooser of the Slain
Valtamr, Valtam Slain Tame, The Warrior
Valtýr Slain God
Valþognir Slain Receiver
Vegtam / Wanderer or Way-tame Baldrs draumar (6, 13)
Veratýr Veratyr God of men, God of being Gylfaginning, Óðins nöfn (8)
Viðfräger Wide Famed
Viðrir Vidrir Stormer Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Lokasenna (26)
Viðrímnir, Viðhrimnir Contrary screamer or 'wide hoary-beard' Óðins nöfn (1)
Viðurr Vidur Killer Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óðins nöfn (6), Karlevi Runestone
Vingnir Swinger Óðins nöfn (5)
Vinr Lopts Friend of Loptr
Vinr Lóðurs Friend of Lóðurr
Vinr Míms Friend of Mímir
Vinr stalla Friend of Altars
Vófuðr Dangler Óðins nöfn (5)
Völundr rómu Smith of Battle
Yggr Ygg Terrible One Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Völuspá (28), Grímnismál (53, 54), Óðins nöfn (8)
Ýjungr, Ýrungr Stormy or of the primal streams Óðins nöfn (8)

Références[modifier | modifier le code]

  1. The use of grimmR and the later form grim in the sense "lord" has only a few occurrences from Sweden. In extant Icelandic material grimmr only appears as an adjective with the meaning "heartless", "strict" and "wicked", which can be compared with the use of adjective gramr ("wrath") as a name for "lord", see Runic Dictionary Entry for grimmR at the runic dictionary of the university of Nottingham.
  2. Finnur Jónsson (1926-28). Ordbog til de af samfund til udg. af gml. nord. litteratur udgivne rímur samt til de af Dr. O. Jiriczek udgivne bósarimur, pp. 51-51. København: J. Jørgensen & Co.
  3. Also the name of a river, one of the Élivágar.
  4. Also the name of a mythological king of Sweden Fjölnir.
  5. Also an assumed name used by Gylfi.
  6. Also the name of a member of a defunct Scandinavian nation, one of the Geats.
  7. Also the name of a Geatish king, Gizurr.
  8. "Geldnir" in other manuscripts.
  9. Also the name of a brother of Loki.
  10. The meaning is disputed according to Lindow but Larrington gives the translation "Sage" in the Poetic Edda.
  11. ed. Þórhallur Vilmundarson/Bjarni Vilhjálmsson, Íslenzk fornrit 13, Reykjavík 1991, p. 163
  12. ed. Guðni Jónsson, Fornaldar sögur Norðurlanda 2, Reykjavík 1954, pp. 279ff.
  13. "Sidhofr" in other manuscripts.
  14. In plural, sigtívar refers to the gods in many Eddic poems.
  15. Also the name of a serpent found in the wellspring of Hvergelmir.
  16. Also the name of one of the nine daughters of Ægir.

Annexes[modifier | modifier le code]

Article connexe[modifier | modifier le code]

Bibliographie[modifier | modifier le code]

Lien externe[modifier | modifier le code]