Lindsay Hamilton Simpson Thompson (15 octobre 1923, Warburton (Victoria) - 16 juillet 2008, Malvern (Victoria)) est un homme politique australien, membre du Parti libéral d'Australie, quarantième Premier ministre du Victoria, de juin 1981 à avril 1982. Il eut le plus long mandat au parlement du Victoria à ce jour.
Jeunesse et famille[modifier | modifier le code]
Lindsay Thompson naît à Warburton, une ville située au nord-est de Melbourne, and was educated at Caulfield Grammar School. The school's gymnasium was opened as the Lindsay Thompson Centre in 1997. After service as a signalman in the Australian Army during World War II, he graduated from the University of Melbourne with degrees in arts and education, and became a school teacher.
Carrière politique[modifier | modifier le code]
In 1955 he was elected to the Victorian Legislative Council in the Monash and Higginbotham Provinces as a Liberal, where he served until 1970, when he transferred to the Legislative Assembly as MP for Malvern.
In 1958 Thompson was appointed Assistant Chief Secretary in the government of Henry Bolte, and held office continuously until 1982, making him the longest-serving minister in Victoria's history. Of all federal and state ministers in Australian history, only the South Australian Sir Thomas Playford IV held ministerial office continuously for longer than Thompson. Lindsay Thompson served as Minister for Housing from 1961-1967, during which time many of Melbourne's controversial public housing towers were built. In 1967 he was appointed Minister for Education, and held this post until 1979, a record term. He presided over the major expansion of state education in Victoria during this period. In 1971 he became Deputy Premier.
In 1972, a teacher and six school children were kidnapped at a school in the country town of Faraday by a man demanding a $1 million ransom. Thompson went to the site and was ready to personally deliver the ransom, but the teacher and children escaped from the van they were locked in before this was necessary. Thompson received a bravery award for his actions during the kidnapping.
Premier ministre du Victoria[modifier | modifier le code]
During the premiership of Rupert Hamer, Thompson was Chief Secretary, then Treasurer and Minister for Police and Emergency Services. On 5 juin 1981, Hamer resigned and Thompson won a Liberal Party ballot to succeed him as Premier. The Liberals had been in power for 27 years and the new Labor leader, John Cain, was mounting a strong challenge to the government. At the March 1982 election the Liberals were heavily defeated and Thompson resigned as Liberal leader and from Parliament on 5 novembre.
Décorations[modifier | modifier le code]
Thompson was made a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George on 14 juin 1975 for serving as a minister. He was made an Officer of the Order of Australia on Australia Day in 1990 "for service to government and politics and to the Victorian Parliament". He also received a Centenary Medal in 2001.
Références[modifier | modifier le code]
- ABC News (2008). Former Victorian premier Thompson dies. Retrieved 17 juillet 2008.
- Caulfield Grammar School (2008). Caulfield. Retrieved 17 juillet 2008.
- Thompson, Lindsay Hamilton Simpson, WW2 Nominal Roll.
- Australian Honours (2006). THOMPSON, Lindsay Hamilton Simpson CMG. Retrieved 12 juin 2006.
- Australian Honours (2006). THOMPSON, Lindsay Hamilton Simpson AO. Retrieved 12 juin 2006.