Force aérienne pakistanaise

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
Aller à : navigation, rechercher
Pakistan Air Force
Drapeau de la PAF
Drapeau de la PAF

Période 14 août 1947 - présent
Pays Drapeau du Pakistan Pakistan
Allégeance Président du Pakistan
Type Force aérienne
Effectif 65 000 personnes
Fait partie de Forces armées pakistanaises
Surnom PAF
Couleurs Roundel of the Pakistani Air Force.svg
Anniversaire 7 Septembre
Équipement 900 aéronefs
Guerres Première Guerre indo-pakistanaise
Deuxième Guerre indo-pakistanaise
Troisième guerre indo-pakistanaise
Guerre du Kippour
Guerre d'Afghanistan (1979-1989)
Conflit de Kargil
Confrontation indo-pakistanaise de 2001-2002
Conflit armé du Nord-Ouest du Pakistan
Commandant Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt

Les forces aériennes pakistanaises (Pakistan Air Force) est la composante aérienne des forces armées pakistanaises. Elle emploie quelque 65 000 personnes (dont 3 000 pilotes) et exploite près de 500 avions de combat.

Historique[modifier | modifier le code]

Au début des années 2010, elle déplore 20 accidents pour 100 000 heures de vol[1].

Liste des avions [Quand ?][modifier | modifier le code]

Avions de chasse[modifier | modifier le code]

Avion de chasse
Avions Photo Date Rôle Quantité Total
JF-17 Thunder
JF-17 (SBP)
JF-17 Block 1
JF-17 Block 2
Pakistan airforce FC-1 Xiao Long.jpg
2009
2009
~2011
MR 8
14
50
72
F-16 Fighting Falcon
F-16A/B Block 15
F-16AM/BM Block 15 MLU
F-16C/D Block 52+
Pakistani F-16.jpg
1983
1983
~2012
MR
41
4[nb 1]

18
63
Dassault Mirage III
Mirage IIIEP / IIIDP
Mirage IIIO / IIIOD
Mirage IIIO ROSE I
Mirage IIIEE / IIIDE
Mirage IIIEL
Mirage IIIRP
PAF Dassault Mirage reconnaissance variant with F-16C Block 52+.jpg
1968
1968
1990
1990s
1990s
1990s
~1968
MR





Recce

17/3
12
33
22/2
9
15
75
Dassault Mirage 5
5PA-2
5PA
5DPA-2
5PA-3
Mirage 5F ROSE II
Mirage 5F ROSE III
JF-17 background Mirage 5 ROSE foreground.jpg
1973
~1973
~1973
~1973
~1973
1990s
2000s
FGA


T
FMA

18
28
2
12
20
14
82
Chengdu J-7
F-7P (F-7MP)
FT-7P
F-7PG
FT-7PG
Pakistani Chengdu J-7.JPG
1988
1988
~1988
~2002
~2002
Int


120
10
48
8
186

Avions d'entrainement[modifier | modifier le code]

Avion d'entraînement
Avions Photo Date Rôle Quantité
MFI-17 Mushshak
MFI-17 Mushshak
PAC Super Mushshak
WaltonAirshowLahore1178.jpg
1970s entrainement basique, communications 149
109
40
K-8 Karokorum
K-8
K-8
K-8P
Pakistan airforce K8.jpg
1994
1994
2003
~2011
Entraînement intermédiaire ~60
6
6
48
Cessna T-37 Tweet
T-37B
T-37C



Entraînement intermédiaire

39

Avions de transport et ravitailleur[modifier | modifier le code]

Avions militaires de transport et ravitailleur
Avions Photo Date Rôle Quantité
Airbus A310
A310-300
2009 Transport VIP 1
Boeing 707
707-320
1986 Transport lourd 3
Cessna Citation V Transport VIP 1
Gulfstream IV 2004 Transport de la hiérarchie 4
Embraer Phenom
Phenom 100
2009 Transport VIP 3
Iliouchine Il-78
Il-78MP
2009 Transport de tank 4
Antonov An-26 Transport moyen 1
Beech C-12 Huron Utilitaire et entrainement 1
Lockheed C-130 Hercules
C-130B
C-130E
C-130E (ex-Australian)
L-100-20
PAFC-130.jpg
~1960s
~1960s

2005
Transport polyvalent



18
5
5
2
6
CASA CN-235
CN-235-220
2004 Transport moyen 4
Harbin Y-12
Y-12II
1980s Utilitaire 2
Saab 2000 2008 Transport VIP 1

Hélicoptères[modifier | modifier le code]

Hélicoptères
Avions Photo Date Rôle Quantité
Mil Mi-17
Mi-171
SkarduAirport1071.jpg 2002 Transport, recherche et sauvetage 45
Alouette III
SA-3160
SA-316B
SA-319B
Transport léger, recherche et sauvetage 95
7
4
4

Avions pour mission spéciale[modifier | modifier le code]

Special mission aircraft
Avions Dates Rôle Quantité Commentaires
Dassault Falcon 20
DA-20 (EW variant)
Pakistan Air Force No 24 Blinders Squadron Falcon DA-20 left side1.jpg
~1987 MSE, ECM 3 Operated by No. 24 Blinders Squadron which was revived in 1987 following induction of DA-20. Participated during PAF exercises in both airborne early warning and ECM roles[2],[3]. First participated in a PAF exercise, in the ESM and ECM role, during Exercise High Mark 89 (14 novembre ao 23 décembre 1989)[4]. Also used for ESM/ECM support during Saffron Bandit exercises of 1992, 1994, 1997 and 1999[5].

Third aircraft delivered March 2008. Original two aircraft flown to France for upgrade and structural overhaul during 2004–2007, which were delivered in 2010. One Falcon 20 used for VIP transport in 1983,mostly for Bhutto family[6] three Falcon 20E for VIP transport in 1986.

Saab 2000 Erieye
Erieye Horizon

Saab2000AEW-SE-045-246.jpg
~2011 AEW&C 4 Selected in 2005 and developed for the PAF under Project Horizon[7] initial order of 6 aircraft[7] later reduced to 4[8]. First aircraft delivered on 8 December 2009[9],[10],[11] second on 24 April 2010[12]. Remaining 2 expected to be delivered in 2010[13],[14].

First aircraft flown to Grenada, Spain, in 2008 for flutter testing in hot and high conditions for 2 weeks[15]. Underwent final testing of aircraft and systems (including radar, command and control systems, defensive aids systems, communication systems and integration with PAF Command and Control Ground Environment) in Sweden in late October 2009[16],[17].

Shaanxi ZDK-03
Y-8F600
2011 AEW&C 2 Reported in March 2007 to have been tested and evaluated by PAF, found to be "fairly good" but some improvements desired in both platform and radar, unfortunately PRC denied and asked for the money first[18]. Order signed for 4 aircraft in December 2008, with Chinese AESA? radar mounted on the Shaanxi Y-8F600 platform, designated ZDK-03[19],[20]. Delivery was initially reported to occur in 2011 and 2012[21]. Delivery of first ZDK-03, designed specifically for the PAF, is now due before the end of year 2010[22]. The aircraft is powered by four turboprop engines and its radar is reported to have a range greater than that of the Erieye radar fitted to the PAF's Saab 2000 Erieye AEW&C[23].

Drones[modifier | modifier le code]

Drones
Avions Dates Rôle Quantité Commentaires
Burraq Reconnaissance, strike 0 Unmanned aerial vehicle under development by PAF and NESCOM, armed with laser-guided missiles and laser designator. Reported to be undergoing flight-testing in May 2009[24].
SATUMA Jasoos II
Bravo+
2009 Tactical reconnaissance, training 45 Formally inducted in 2009[25]. Telemetry and ground equipment for 3rd batch of UAVs ordered July 2009[26] 3rd batch delivered August 2009[27]. In use as "primary work horse for UAV Operations and Training Program."[28]
SELEX Galileo Falco

Salon du Bourget 20090619 227.jpg
2007/08 Surveillance 25 First production Falco UAV System reported to be ready for delivery to PAF (launch customer) in January 2007[29]. 5 Falco UAV Systems ordered, including 25 Falco UAVs. Formally inducted in 2009[25] 2 systems (10 UAVs) in service by March 2009[30]. Co-manufacture at the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex began in August 2009[31],[32].

Notes et références[modifier | modifier le code]

  1. « Pakistan Air Force Crumbling Away », sur Strategy Page,‎ 27 décembre 2012 (consulté le 30 décembre 2012)
  2. No. 24 Squadron. Pakistan Military Consortium. www.PakDef.info. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  3. DASSAULT MYSTERE-FALCON 20. Pakistan Military Consortium. www.PakDef.info. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  4. Exercise 'High Mark – 89' and 'Zarb-e-Momin'. Pakdef.info. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  5. Exercise 'Saffron Bandit'. Pakdef.info (1999-05-14). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  6. train train | air force | liaison liaison | 1983 | 1427 | Flight Archive. Flightglobal.com (1983-08-06). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  7. a et b David Donald (2008-07-14). Saab 2000 AEW&C prepares for duty. ainonline.com
  8. « http://www.dawn.com/2008/04/04/nat5.htm » (ArchiveWikiwixArchive.isGoogleQue faire ?)
  9. « http://thenews.jang.com.pk/updates.asp?id=93086 » (ArchiveWikiwixArchive.isGoogleQue faire ?)
  10. Pakistan gets first AWACS aircraft from Sweden. GEO.tv (2009-12-08). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  11. Pakistan receives first Saab 2000 AEW aircraft. Flightglobal.com (2009-12-10). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  12. « PAF procures second SAB 2000 aircraft », The Express Tribune (Pakistan), Lahore, Pakistan, The Express Tribune, with the International Herald Tribune,‎ 24 avril 2010 (consulté le 24 avril 2010)
  13. Three more early warning aircraft next year: minister. news.dawn.com (2009-12-14).
  14. Pakistan Air Force. Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  15. FARNBOROUGH 2008: Saab 2000 AEW makes show debut. Flightglobal.com (2008-07-14). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  16. PICTURES: Pakistan's first Saab 2000 AEW aircraft enters final testing. Flightglobal.com (2009-10-28). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  17. Final Tests of First Erieye AEW&C Aircraft for Pakistan Have Started. Defense-aerospace.com. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  18. Today's Newspaper – The News International. Thenews.com.pk. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  19. Usman Ansari, "Pakistan Surmounts Sanctions To Revive Airpower". defensenews.com (2009-02-09)
  20. « http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=39384274 » (ArchiveWikiwixArchive.isGoogleQue faire ?)
  21. Erreur de référence : Balise <ref> incorrecte ; aucun texte n’a été fourni pour les références nommées daily.pk.
  22. Pakistan to get Chinese AEW&C aircraft this year. Flightglobal.com (2010-05-07). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  23. Leithen Francis, « Pakistan to get Chinese AEW&C aircraft this year », Flight International, flightglobal.com,‎ 07/05/10 (consulté le 7 mai 2010)
  24. Pakistan reported developing armed UAV – Air Force News | News from Afghanistan & Iraq. Air Force Times. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  25. a et b Pakistan Air Force prepares to induct UAVs into service. Janes.com (2008-11-25). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  26. Contract assigned by PAF for the provision of Telemetry equipment for 3rd batch of Bravo+ Tactical UAV system along with ground equipment. Satuma.com.pk (2009-07-25). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  27. 3rd batch of Tactical Range Bravo+ UAV System for PAF in delivery phase. Satuma.com.pk (2009-10-08). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  28. Tactical Range UAV – Jasoos II (Bravo+). Satuma.com.pk. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  29. First Galileo Avionica Falco UAV set for delivery, launch customer remains undisclosed. Flightglobal.com (2007-01-29). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  30. Selex Galileo targets UK Falco UAV flights, deal with Libya. Flightglobal.com (2009-03-05). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  31. Pakistan to begin co-production of Falco UAV. Flightglobal.com (2009-08-26). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  32. Falco. Airforce Technology (2011-06-15). Retrieved on 2012-07-01.

Notes[modifier | modifier le code]

  1. Undelivered, undergoing MLU upgrade in the United States.